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Title: Calibration of high voltages at the ppm level by the difference of $$^{83{\mathrm{m}}}$$83mKr conversion electron lines at the KATRIN experiment

Abstract

The neutrino mass experiment KATRIN requires a stability of 3 ppm for the retarding potential at - 18.6 kV of the main spectrometer. To monitor the stability, two custom-made ultra-precise high-voltage dividers were developed and built in cooperation with the German national metrology institute Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB). Until now, regular absolute calibration of the voltage dividers required bringing the equipment to the specialised metrology laboratory. Here we present a new method based on measuring the energy difference of two $$^{83{\mathrm{m}}}$$Kr conversion electron lines with the KATRIN setup, which was demonstrated during KATRIN’s commissioning measurements in July 2017. The measured scale factor M = 1972.449 ( 10 ) of the high-voltage divider K35 is in agreement with the last PTB calibration 4 years ago. This result demonstrates the utility of the calibration method, as well as the long-term stability of the voltage divider.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26)
Contributing Org.:
KATRIN collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1436553
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1461990
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; FG02-97ER41020; FG02-94ER40818; SC0004036; FG02-97ER41033; FG02-97ER41041; SC0011091
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
European Physical Journal. C, Particles and Fields
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: European Physical Journal. C, Particles and Fields Journal Volume: 78 Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1434-6044
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
Germany
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Arenz, M., Baek, W. -J., Beck, M., Beglarian, A., Behrens, J., Bergmann, T., Berlev, A., Besserer, U., Blaum, K., Bode, T., Bornschein, B., Bornschein, L., Brunst, T., Buzinsky, N., Chilingaryan, S., Choi, W. Q., Deffert, M., Doe, P. J., Dragoun, O., Drexlin, G., Dyba, S., Edzards, F., Eitel, K., Ellinger, E., Engel, R., Enomoto, S., Erhard, M., Eversheim, D., Fedkevych, M., Fischer, S., Formaggio, J. A., Fränkle, F. M., Franklin, G. B., Friedel, F., Fulst, A., Gil, W., Glück, F., Ureña, A. Gonzalez, Grohmann, S., Grössle, R., Gumbsheimer, R., Hackenjos, M., Hannen, V., Harms, F., Haußmann, N., Heizmann, F., Helbing, K., Herz, W., Hickford, S., Hilk, D., Hillesheimer, D., Howe, M. A., Huber, A., Jansen, A., Kellerer, J., Kernert, N., Kippenbrock, L., Kleesiek, M., Klein, M., Kopmann, A., Korzeczek, M., Kovalík, A., Krasch, B., Kraus, M., Kuckert, L., Lasserre, T., Lebeda, O., Letnev, J., Lokhov, A., Machatschek, M., Marsteller, A., Martin, E. L., Mertens, S., Mirz, S., Monreal, B., Neumann, H., Niemes, S., Off, A., Osipowicz, A., Otten, E., Parno, D. S., Pollithy, A., Poon, A. W. P., Priester, F., Ranitzsch, P. C. -O., Rest, O., Robertson, R. G. H., Roccati, F., Rodenbeck, C., Röllig, M., Röttele, C., Ryšavý, M., Sack, R., Saenz, A., Schimpf, L., Schlösser, K., Schlösser, M., Schönung, K., Schrank, M., Seitz-Moskaliuk, H., Sentkerestiová, J., Sibille, V., Slezák, M., Steidl, M., Steinbrink, N., Sturm, M., Suchopar, M., Suesser, M., Telle, H. H., Thorne, L. A., Thümmler, T., Titov, N., Tkachev, I., Trost, N., Valerius, K., Vénos, D., Vianden, R., Hernández, A. P. Vizcaya, Weber, M., Weinheimer, C., Weiss, C., Welte, S., Wendel, J., Wilkerson, J. F., Wolf, J., Wüstling, S., and Zadoroghny, S. Calibration of high voltages at the ppm level by the difference of $$^{83{\mathrm{m}}}$$83mKr conversion electron lines at the KATRIN experiment. Germany: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1140/epjc/s10052-018-5832-y.
Arenz, M., Baek, W. -J., Beck, M., Beglarian, A., Behrens, J., Bergmann, T., Berlev, A., Besserer, U., Blaum, K., Bode, T., Bornschein, B., Bornschein, L., Brunst, T., Buzinsky, N., Chilingaryan, S., Choi, W. Q., Deffert, M., Doe, P. J., Dragoun, O., Drexlin, G., Dyba, S., Edzards, F., Eitel, K., Ellinger, E., Engel, R., Enomoto, S., Erhard, M., Eversheim, D., Fedkevych, M., Fischer, S., Formaggio, J. A., Fränkle, F. M., Franklin, G. B., Friedel, F., Fulst, A., Gil, W., Glück, F., Ureña, A. Gonzalez, Grohmann, S., Grössle, R., Gumbsheimer, R., Hackenjos, M., Hannen, V., Harms, F., Haußmann, N., Heizmann, F., Helbing, K., Herz, W., Hickford, S., Hilk, D., Hillesheimer, D., Howe, M. A., Huber, A., Jansen, A., Kellerer, J., Kernert, N., Kippenbrock, L., Kleesiek, M., Klein, M., Kopmann, A., Korzeczek, M., Kovalík, A., Krasch, B., Kraus, M., Kuckert, L., Lasserre, T., Lebeda, O., Letnev, J., Lokhov, A., Machatschek, M., Marsteller, A., Martin, E. L., Mertens, S., Mirz, S., Monreal, B., Neumann, H., Niemes, S., Off, A., Osipowicz, A., Otten, E., Parno, D. S., Pollithy, A., Poon, A. W. P., Priester, F., Ranitzsch, P. C. -O., Rest, O., Robertson, R. G. H., Roccati, F., Rodenbeck, C., Röllig, M., Röttele, C., Ryšavý, M., Sack, R., Saenz, A., Schimpf, L., Schlösser, K., Schlösser, M., Schönung, K., Schrank, M., Seitz-Moskaliuk, H., Sentkerestiová, J., Sibille, V., Slezák, M., Steidl, M., Steinbrink, N., Sturm, M., Suchopar, M., Suesser, M., Telle, H. H., Thorne, L. A., Thümmler, T., Titov, N., Tkachev, I., Trost, N., Valerius, K., Vénos, D., Vianden, R., Hernández, A. P. Vizcaya, Weber, M., Weinheimer, C., Weiss, C., Welte, S., Wendel, J., Wilkerson, J. F., Wolf, J., Wüstling, S., & Zadoroghny, S. Calibration of high voltages at the ppm level by the difference of $$^{83{\mathrm{m}}}$$83mKr conversion electron lines at the KATRIN experiment. Germany. doi:10.1140/epjc/s10052-018-5832-y.
Arenz, M., Baek, W. -J., Beck, M., Beglarian, A., Behrens, J., Bergmann, T., Berlev, A., Besserer, U., Blaum, K., Bode, T., Bornschein, B., Bornschein, L., Brunst, T., Buzinsky, N., Chilingaryan, S., Choi, W. Q., Deffert, M., Doe, P. J., Dragoun, O., Drexlin, G., Dyba, S., Edzards, F., Eitel, K., Ellinger, E., Engel, R., Enomoto, S., Erhard, M., Eversheim, D., Fedkevych, M., Fischer, S., Formaggio, J. A., Fränkle, F. M., Franklin, G. B., Friedel, F., Fulst, A., Gil, W., Glück, F., Ureña, A. Gonzalez, Grohmann, S., Grössle, R., Gumbsheimer, R., Hackenjos, M., Hannen, V., Harms, F., Haußmann, N., Heizmann, F., Helbing, K., Herz, W., Hickford, S., Hilk, D., Hillesheimer, D., Howe, M. A., Huber, A., Jansen, A., Kellerer, J., Kernert, N., Kippenbrock, L., Kleesiek, M., Klein, M., Kopmann, A., Korzeczek, M., Kovalík, A., Krasch, B., Kraus, M., Kuckert, L., Lasserre, T., Lebeda, O., Letnev, J., Lokhov, A., Machatschek, M., Marsteller, A., Martin, E. L., Mertens, S., Mirz, S., Monreal, B., Neumann, H., Niemes, S., Off, A., Osipowicz, A., Otten, E., Parno, D. S., Pollithy, A., Poon, A. W. P., Priester, F., Ranitzsch, P. C. -O., Rest, O., Robertson, R. G. H., Roccati, F., Rodenbeck, C., Röllig, M., Röttele, C., Ryšavý, M., Sack, R., Saenz, A., Schimpf, L., Schlösser, K., Schlösser, M., Schönung, K., Schrank, M., Seitz-Moskaliuk, H., Sentkerestiová, J., Sibille, V., Slezák, M., Steidl, M., Steinbrink, N., Sturm, M., Suchopar, M., Suesser, M., Telle, H. H., Thorne, L. A., Thümmler, T., Titov, N., Tkachev, I., Trost, N., Valerius, K., Vénos, D., Vianden, R., Hernández, A. P. Vizcaya, Weber, M., Weinheimer, C., Weiss, C., Welte, S., Wendel, J., Wilkerson, J. F., Wolf, J., Wüstling, S., and Zadoroghny, S. Wed . "Calibration of high voltages at the ppm level by the difference of $$^{83{\mathrm{m}}}$$83mKr conversion electron lines at the KATRIN experiment". Germany. doi:10.1140/epjc/s10052-018-5832-y.
@article{osti_1436553,
title = {Calibration of high voltages at the ppm level by the difference of $$^{83{\mathrm{m}}}$$83mKr conversion electron lines at the KATRIN experiment},
author = {Arenz, M. and Baek, W. -J. and Beck, M. and Beglarian, A. and Behrens, J. and Bergmann, T. and Berlev, A. and Besserer, U. and Blaum, K. and Bode, T. and Bornschein, B. and Bornschein, L. and Brunst, T. and Buzinsky, N. and Chilingaryan, S. and Choi, W. Q. and Deffert, M. and Doe, P. J. and Dragoun, O. and Drexlin, G. and Dyba, S. and Edzards, F. and Eitel, K. and Ellinger, E. and Engel, R. and Enomoto, S. and Erhard, M. and Eversheim, D. and Fedkevych, M. and Fischer, S. and Formaggio, J. A. and Fränkle, F. M. and Franklin, G. B. and Friedel, F. and Fulst, A. and Gil, W. and Glück, F. and Ureña, A. Gonzalez and Grohmann, S. and Grössle, R. and Gumbsheimer, R. and Hackenjos, M. and Hannen, V. and Harms, F. and Haußmann, N. and Heizmann, F. and Helbing, K. and Herz, W. and Hickford, S. and Hilk, D. and Hillesheimer, D. and Howe, M. A. and Huber, A. and Jansen, A. and Kellerer, J. and Kernert, N. and Kippenbrock, L. and Kleesiek, M. and Klein, M. and Kopmann, A. and Korzeczek, M. and Kovalík, A. and Krasch, B. and Kraus, M. and Kuckert, L. and Lasserre, T. and Lebeda, O. and Letnev, J. and Lokhov, A. and Machatschek, M. and Marsteller, A. and Martin, E. L. and Mertens, S. and Mirz, S. and Monreal, B. and Neumann, H. and Niemes, S. and Off, A. and Osipowicz, A. and Otten, E. and Parno, D. S. and Pollithy, A. and Poon, A. W. P. and Priester, F. and Ranitzsch, P. C. -O. and Rest, O. and Robertson, R. G. H. and Roccati, F. and Rodenbeck, C. and Röllig, M. and Röttele, C. and Ryšavý, M. and Sack, R. and Saenz, A. and Schimpf, L. and Schlösser, K. and Schlösser, M. and Schönung, K. and Schrank, M. and Seitz-Moskaliuk, H. and Sentkerestiová, J. and Sibille, V. and Slezák, M. and Steidl, M. and Steinbrink, N. and Sturm, M. and Suchopar, M. and Suesser, M. and Telle, H. H. and Thorne, L. A. and Thümmler, T. and Titov, N. and Tkachev, I. and Trost, N. and Valerius, K. and Vénos, D. and Vianden, R. and Hernández, A. P. Vizcaya and Weber, M. and Weinheimer, C. and Weiss, C. and Welte, S. and Wendel, J. and Wilkerson, J. F. and Wolf, J. and Wüstling, S. and Zadoroghny, S.},
abstractNote = {The neutrino mass experiment KATRIN requires a stability of 3 ppm for the retarding potential at - 18.6 kV of the main spectrometer. To monitor the stability, two custom-made ultra-precise high-voltage dividers were developed and built in cooperation with the German national metrology institute Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB). Until now, regular absolute calibration of the voltage dividers required bringing the equipment to the specialised metrology laboratory. Here we present a new method based on measuring the energy difference of two $^{83{\mathrm{m}}}$Kr conversion electron lines with the KATRIN setup, which was demonstrated during KATRIN’s commissioning measurements in July 2017. The measured scale factor M = 1972.449 ( 10 ) of the high-voltage divider K35 is in agreement with the last PTB calibration 4 years ago. This result demonstrates the utility of the calibration method, as well as the long-term stability of the voltage divider.},
doi = {10.1140/epjc/s10052-018-5832-y},
journal = {European Physical Journal. C, Particles and Fields},
number = 5,
volume = 78,
place = {Germany},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}

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DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-018-5832-y

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