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Title: Why natural monazite never becomes amorphous: Experimental evidence for alpha self-healing

Monazite, a common accessory rare-earth orthophosphate mineral in the continental crust widely used in U-Pb geochronology, holds promise for (U-Th)/He thermochronology and for the immobilization of Pu and minor actinides (MA) coming from spent nuclear fuel reprocessing. Previous results obtained on natural and plutonium-doped monazite have demonstrated the ability of this structure to maintain a crystalline state despite high radiation damage levels. However, the low critical temperature (180 °C), above which amorphization cannot be achieved in natural monazite under ion irradiation, does not explain this old and unsolved paradox: why do natural monazites, independent of their geological history, remain crystalline even when they did not experience any thermal event that could heal the defects? This is what the present study aims to address. Synthetic polycrystals of LaPO 4-monazite were irradiated sequentially and simultaneously with α particles (He) and gold (Au) ions. Here, our results demonstrate experimentally for the first time in monazite, the existence of the defect recovery mechanism, called α-healing, acting in this structure due to electronic energy loss of α particles, which explains the absence of amorphization in natural monazite samples. This mechanism is critically important for monazite geo- and thermochronology and to design and predictively model themore » long-term behavior of ceramic matrices for nuclear waste conditioning.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6]
  1. Univ. Clermont Auvergne, Clermont-Ferrand (France); Univ. Lyon, Saint-Etienne (France)
  2. Univ. Montpellier, Marcoule (France)
  3. Univ. Paris-Sud, Orsay (France)
  4. Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Julich (Germany)
  5. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  6. CEA, Bagnols-sur-Ceze Cedex (France)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
American Mineralogist
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 103; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 0003-004X
Publisher:
Mineralogical Society of America
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE
OSTI Identifier:
1436040

Seydoux-Guillaume, Anne -Magali, Deschanels, Xavier, Baumier, Cedric, Neumeier, Stefan, Weber, William John, and Peuget, Sylvain. Why natural monazite never becomes amorphous: Experimental evidence for alpha self-healing. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.2138/am-2018-6447.
Seydoux-Guillaume, Anne -Magali, Deschanels, Xavier, Baumier, Cedric, Neumeier, Stefan, Weber, William John, & Peuget, Sylvain. Why natural monazite never becomes amorphous: Experimental evidence for alpha self-healing. United States. doi:10.2138/am-2018-6447.
Seydoux-Guillaume, Anne -Magali, Deschanels, Xavier, Baumier, Cedric, Neumeier, Stefan, Weber, William John, and Peuget, Sylvain. 2018. "Why natural monazite never becomes amorphous: Experimental evidence for alpha self-healing". United States. doi:10.2138/am-2018-6447.
@article{osti_1436040,
title = {Why natural monazite never becomes amorphous: Experimental evidence for alpha self-healing},
author = {Seydoux-Guillaume, Anne -Magali and Deschanels, Xavier and Baumier, Cedric and Neumeier, Stefan and Weber, William John and Peuget, Sylvain},
abstractNote = {Monazite, a common accessory rare-earth orthophosphate mineral in the continental crust widely used in U-Pb geochronology, holds promise for (U-Th)/He thermochronology and for the immobilization of Pu and minor actinides (MA) coming from spent nuclear fuel reprocessing. Previous results obtained on natural and plutonium-doped monazite have demonstrated the ability of this structure to maintain a crystalline state despite high radiation damage levels. However, the low critical temperature (180 °C), above which amorphization cannot be achieved in natural monazite under ion irradiation, does not explain this old and unsolved paradox: why do natural monazites, independent of their geological history, remain crystalline even when they did not experience any thermal event that could heal the defects? This is what the present study aims to address. Synthetic polycrystals of LaPO4-monazite were irradiated sequentially and simultaneously with α particles (He) and gold (Au) ions. Here, our results demonstrate experimentally for the first time in monazite, the existence of the defect recovery mechanism, called α-healing, acting in this structure due to electronic energy loss of α particles, which explains the absence of amorphization in natural monazite samples. This mechanism is critically important for monazite geo- and thermochronology and to design and predictively model the long-term behavior of ceramic matrices for nuclear waste conditioning.},
doi = {10.2138/am-2018-6447},
journal = {American Mineralogist},
number = 5,
volume = 103,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}