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Title: Electrical control of 2D magnetism in bilayer CrI 3

Controlling magnetism via electric fields addresses fundamental questions of magnetic phenomena and phase transitions, and enables the development of electrically coupled spintronic devices, such as voltage-controlled magnetic memories with low operation energy. Previous studies on dilute magnetic semiconductors such as (Ga,Mn)As and (In,Mn)Sb have demonstrated large modulations of the Curie temperatures and coercive fields by altering the magnetic anisotropy and exchange interaction. Owing to their unique magnetic properties, the recently reported two-dimensional magnets provide a new system for studying these features. For instance, a bilayer of chromium triiodide (CrI 3) behaves as a layered antiferromagnet with a magnetic field-driven metamagnetic transition. Here, we demonstrate electrostatic gate control of magnetism in CrI 3 bilayers, probed by magneto-optical Kerr effect (MOKE) microscopy. At fixed magnetic fields near the metamagnetic transition, we realize voltage-controlled switching between antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic states. At zero magnetic field, we demonstrate a time-reversal pair of layered antiferromagnetic states that exhibit spin-layer locking, leading to a linear dependence of their MOKE signals on gate voltage with opposite slopes. Here, our results allow for the exploration of new magnetoelectric phenomena and van der Waals spintronics based on 2D materials.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)
  2. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  3. Univ. de Valencia, Paterna (Spain)
  4. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  5. Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States)
  6. Univ. of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (China)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Nanotechnology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 3; Journal Issue: 30; Journal ID: ISSN 1748-3387
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Electronic devices; Ferromagnetism; Magnetic devices; Magnetic properties and materials; Magneto-optics
OSTI Identifier: