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Title: Superior Performance of a Lithium-Sulfur Battery Enabled by a Dimethyl Trisulfide Containing Electrolyte

Abstract

The lithium-sulfur (Li-S) battery offers a high theoretical energy density of ≈2600 Wh/kg -1 and low cost, positioning it as a promising candidate for next-generation battery technology. However, problems including disastrous Li polysulfides dissolution and irreversible Li 2S deposition have severely retarded the development of Li-S batteries. To solve these issues, we recently reported a functional dimethyl disulfide (DMDS)-containing electrolyte that promoted an alternate electrochemical reaction pathway for sulfur cathodes by a formation of dimethyl polysulfides and Li organosulfides as intermediates and reduction products, leading to significantly boosted Li-S cell capacity with improved cycling reversibility and stability. Here in this work, dimethyl trisulfide (DMTS), a primary discharge-charge intermediate in the DMDS-containing electrolyte, which is also a commercially available reagent, was further investigated as a co-solvent in functional electrolytes for Li-S batteries. Due to the higher theoretical capacity of DMTS and its better reactivity with Li 2S than DMDS, a 25 vol% DMTS-containing electrolyte enables Li-S batteries with even higher cell capacity and improved cycling performance than using previous optimal 50 vol% DMDS-containing electrolyte.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Dept of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Dept of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V)
OSTI Identifier:
1435969
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1441117
Report Number(s):
DOE-PENNSTATE-0007795
Journal ID: ISSN 2366-9608; PII:974
Grant/Contract Number:  
EE0007795
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Small Methods
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2366-9608
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; 42 ENGINEERING; lithium-sulfur battery; lithium organosulfides; dimethyl trisulfide; dimethyl disulfide; lithium-sulfur; batteries; electrolyte

Citation Formats

Chen, Shuru, Wang, Daiwei, Zhao, Yuming, and Wang, Donghai. Superior Performance of a Lithium-Sulfur Battery Enabled by a Dimethyl Trisulfide Containing Electrolyte. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1002/smtd.201800038.
Chen, Shuru, Wang, Daiwei, Zhao, Yuming, & Wang, Donghai. Superior Performance of a Lithium-Sulfur Battery Enabled by a Dimethyl Trisulfide Containing Electrolyte. United States. doi:10.1002/smtd.201800038.
Chen, Shuru, Wang, Daiwei, Zhao, Yuming, and Wang, Donghai. Thu . "Superior Performance of a Lithium-Sulfur Battery Enabled by a Dimethyl Trisulfide Containing Electrolyte". United States. doi:10.1002/smtd.201800038. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1435969.
@article{osti_1435969,
title = {Superior Performance of a Lithium-Sulfur Battery Enabled by a Dimethyl Trisulfide Containing Electrolyte},
author = {Chen, Shuru and Wang, Daiwei and Zhao, Yuming and Wang, Donghai},
abstractNote = {The lithium-sulfur (Li-S) battery offers a high theoretical energy density of ≈2600 Wh/kg-1 and low cost, positioning it as a promising candidate for next-generation battery technology. However, problems including disastrous Li polysulfides dissolution and irreversible Li2S deposition have severely retarded the development of Li-S batteries. To solve these issues, we recently reported a functional dimethyl disulfide (DMDS)-containing electrolyte that promoted an alternate electrochemical reaction pathway for sulfur cathodes by a formation of dimethyl polysulfides and Li organosulfides as intermediates and reduction products, leading to significantly boosted Li-S cell capacity with improved cycling reversibility and stability. Here in this work, dimethyl trisulfide (DMTS), a primary discharge-charge intermediate in the DMDS-containing electrolyte, which is also a commercially available reagent, was further investigated as a co-solvent in functional electrolytes for Li-S batteries. Due to the higher theoretical capacity of DMTS and its better reactivity with Li2S than DMDS, a 25 vol% DMTS-containing electrolyte enables Li-S batteries with even higher cell capacity and improved cycling performance than using previous optimal 50 vol% DMDS-containing electrolyte.},
doi = {10.1002/smtd.201800038},
journal = {Small Methods},
number = 6,
volume = 2,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}

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