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Title: Self-Formed Hybrid Interphase Layer on Lithium Metal for High-Performance Lithium–Sulfur Batteries

Abstract

Lithium–sulfur (Li–S) batteries are promising candidates for high-energy storage devices due to high theoretical capacities of both the sulfur cathode and lithium (Li) metal anode. Considerable efforts have been devoted to improving sulfur cathodes. However, issues associated with Li anodes, such as low Coulombic efficiency (CE) and growth of Li dendrites, remain unsolved due to unstable solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI) and lead to poor capacity retention and a short cycling life of Li–S batteries. In this paper, we demonstrate a facile and effective approach to fabricate a flexible and robust hybrid SEI layer through co-deposition of aromatic-based organosulfides and inorganic Li salts using poly(sulfur-random-1,3-diisopropenylbenzene) as an additive in an electrolyte. The aromatic-based organic components with planar backbone conformation and π–π interaction in the SEI layers can improve the toughness and flexibility to promote stable and high efficient Li deposition/dissolution. The as-formed durable SEI layer can inhibit dendritic Li growth, enhance Li deposition/dissolution CE (99.1% over 420 cycles), and in turn enable Li–S batteries with good cycling stability (1000 cycles) and slow capacity decay. Finally, this work demonstrates a route to address the issues associated with Li metal anodes and promote the development of high-energy rechargeable Li metal batteries.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering
  2. Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1435963
Report Number(s):
DOE-PENNSTATE-0007795
Journal ID: ISSN 1936-0851; PII:974
Grant/Contract Number:  
EE0007795; CMMI-1435766
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Nano
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1936-0851
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; 42 ENGINEERING; lithium metal anodes; lithium organopolysulfides; lithium organosulfides; lithium-sulfur battery; solid-electrolyte interphase

Citation Formats

Li, Guoxing, Huang, Qingquan, He, Xin, Gao, Yue, Wang, Daiwei, Kim, Seong H., and Wang, Donghai. Self-Formed Hybrid Interphase Layer on Lithium Metal for High-Performance Lithium–Sulfur Batteries. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.7b08035.
Li, Guoxing, Huang, Qingquan, He, Xin, Gao, Yue, Wang, Daiwei, Kim, Seong H., & Wang, Donghai. Self-Formed Hybrid Interphase Layer on Lithium Metal for High-Performance Lithium–Sulfur Batteries. United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.7b08035
Li, Guoxing, Huang, Qingquan, He, Xin, Gao, Yue, Wang, Daiwei, Kim, Seong H., and Wang, Donghai. Mon . "Self-Formed Hybrid Interphase Layer on Lithium Metal for High-Performance Lithium–Sulfur Batteries". United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.7b08035. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1435963.
@article{osti_1435963,
title = {Self-Formed Hybrid Interphase Layer on Lithium Metal for High-Performance Lithium–Sulfur Batteries},
author = {Li, Guoxing and Huang, Qingquan and He, Xin and Gao, Yue and Wang, Daiwei and Kim, Seong H. and Wang, Donghai},
abstractNote = {Lithium–sulfur (Li–S) batteries are promising candidates for high-energy storage devices due to high theoretical capacities of both the sulfur cathode and lithium (Li) metal anode. Considerable efforts have been devoted to improving sulfur cathodes. However, issues associated with Li anodes, such as low Coulombic efficiency (CE) and growth of Li dendrites, remain unsolved due to unstable solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI) and lead to poor capacity retention and a short cycling life of Li–S batteries. In this paper, we demonstrate a facile and effective approach to fabricate a flexible and robust hybrid SEI layer through co-deposition of aromatic-based organosulfides and inorganic Li salts using poly(sulfur-random-1,3-diisopropenylbenzene) as an additive in an electrolyte. The aromatic-based organic components with planar backbone conformation and π–π interaction in the SEI layers can improve the toughness and flexibility to promote stable and high efficient Li deposition/dissolution. The as-formed durable SEI layer can inhibit dendritic Li growth, enhance Li deposition/dissolution CE (99.1% over 420 cycles), and in turn enable Li–S batteries with good cycling stability (1000 cycles) and slow capacity decay. Finally, this work demonstrates a route to address the issues associated with Li metal anodes and promote the development of high-energy rechargeable Li metal batteries.},
doi = {10.1021/acsnano.7b08035},
journal = {ACS Nano},
number = 2,
volume = 12,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {1}
}

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Cited by: 16 works
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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Mechanism of self-formation of hybrid SEI layer. (a) Aromatic-based organic components and inorganic components generated from PSD after reacting with Li metal in the electrolyte. (b) Self-formation of the stable hybrid SEI layer composed of Li organosulfides/organopolysulfides-Li2S/Li2S2 using the PSD as an electrolyte additive.

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