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Title: Dehybridization of f and d states in the heavy-fermion system YbRh 2 Si 2

Abstract

Here, we report an optically induced reduction of the f-d hybridization in the prototypical heavy-fermion compound YbRh 2Si 2. We use femtosecond time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy to monitor changes of spectral weight and binding energies of the Yb 4f and Rh 4d states before the lattice temperature increases after pumping. Overall, the f-d hybridization decreases smoothly with increasing electronic temperature up to ~ 250 K but changes slope at ~ 100 K. This temperature scale coincides with the onset of coherent Kondo scattering and with thermally populating the first excited crystal electrical field level. Extending previous photoemission studies, we observe a persistent f-d hybridization up to at least ~ 250 K, which is far larger than the coherence temperature defined by transport but in agreement with the temperature dependence of the noninteger Yb valence. Our data underlines the distinction of probes accessing spin and charge degrees of freedom in strongly correlated systems.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [5];  [7];  [8]
  1. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Science (SIMES); Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Geballe Lab. for Advanced Materials
  2. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Science (SIMES); Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Geballe Lab. for Advanced Materials; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Advanced Light Source (ALS)
  3. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Science (SIMES); Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Geballe Lab. for Advanced Materials; Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). Kavli Inst. at Cornell for Nanoscale Science, Lab. of Atomic and Solid State Physics, Dept. of Physics, and Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
  4. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Science (SIMES); Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Physics
  5. Univ. of California, Irvine, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
  6. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Advanced Light Source (ALS)
  7. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Science (SIMES)
  8. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Science (SIMES); Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Geballe Lab. for Advanced Materials and Dept. of Physics
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Advanced Light Source (ALS)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Materials Sciences & Engineering Division; Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF); Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation; Stanford Univ., CA (United States); Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States); Alexander von Humboldt Foundation; USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1435909
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1432102; OSTI ID: 1571099
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515; AC02-05CH11231; P300P2_151328; GBMF4546
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 97; Journal Issue: 16; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; heavy-fermion systems; transition-metal rare-earth alloys; angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy; Kondo lattice model

Citation Formats

Leuenberger, D., Sobota, J. A., Yang, S. -L., Pfau, H., Kim, D. -J., Mo, S. -K., Fisk, Z., Kirchmann, P. S., and Shen, Z. -X. Dehybridization of f and d states in the heavy-fermion system YbRh2Si2. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/physrevb.97.165108.
Leuenberger, D., Sobota, J. A., Yang, S. -L., Pfau, H., Kim, D. -J., Mo, S. -K., Fisk, Z., Kirchmann, P. S., & Shen, Z. -X. Dehybridization of f and d states in the heavy-fermion system YbRh2Si2. United States. doi:10.1103/physrevb.97.165108.
Leuenberger, D., Sobota, J. A., Yang, S. -L., Pfau, H., Kim, D. -J., Mo, S. -K., Fisk, Z., Kirchmann, P. S., and Shen, Z. -X. Fri . "Dehybridization of f and d states in the heavy-fermion system YbRh2Si2". United States. doi:10.1103/physrevb.97.165108. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1435909.
@article{osti_1435909,
title = {Dehybridization of f and d states in the heavy-fermion system YbRh2Si2},
author = {Leuenberger, D. and Sobota, J. A. and Yang, S. -L. and Pfau, H. and Kim, D. -J. and Mo, S. -K. and Fisk, Z. and Kirchmann, P. S. and Shen, Z. -X.},
abstractNote = {Here, we report an optically induced reduction of the f-d hybridization in the prototypical heavy-fermion compound YbRh2Si2. We use femtosecond time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy to monitor changes of spectral weight and binding energies of the Yb 4f and Rh 4d states before the lattice temperature increases after pumping. Overall, the f-d hybridization decreases smoothly with increasing electronic temperature up to ~ 250 K but changes slope at ~ 100 K. This temperature scale coincides with the onset of coherent Kondo scattering and with thermally populating the first excited crystal electrical field level. Extending previous photoemission studies, we observe a persistent f-d hybridization up to at least ~ 250 K, which is far larger than the coherence temperature defined by transport but in agreement with the temperature dependence of the noninteger Yb valence. Our data underlines the distinction of probes accessing spin and charge degrees of freedom in strongly correlated systems.},
doi = {10.1103/physrevb.97.165108},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = 16,
volume = 97,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}

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