skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: The suite of small-angle neutron scattering instruments at Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Abstract

Oak Ridge National Laboratory is home to the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR), a high-flux research reactor, and the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS), the world's most intense source of pulsed neutron beams. The unique co-localization of these two sources provided an opportunity to develop a suite of complementary small-angle neutron scattering instruments for studies of large-scale structures: the GP-SANS and Bio-SANS instruments at the HFIR and the EQ-SANS and TOF-USANS instruments at the SNS. This article provides an overview of the capabilities of the suite of instruments, with specific emphasis on how they complement each other. As a result, a description of the plans for future developments including greater integration of the suite into a single point of entry for neutron scattering studies of large-scale structures is also provided.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER)
OSTI Identifier:
1435304
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Crystallography (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Crystallography (Online); Journal Volume: 51; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1600-5767
Publisher:
International Union of Crystallography
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; small-angle neutron scattering; scientific user facilities; ultra-small-angle neutron scattering; Oak Ridge National Laboratory; ORNL

Citation Formats

Heller, William T., Cuneo, Matthew J., Debeer-Schmitt, Lisa M., Do, Changwoo, He, Lilin, Heroux, Luke, Littrell, Kenneth, Pingali, Sai Venkatesh, Qian, Shuo, Stanley, Christopher, Urban, Volker S., Wu, Bin, and Bras, Wim. The suite of small-angle neutron scattering instruments at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1107/S1600576718001231.
Heller, William T., Cuneo, Matthew J., Debeer-Schmitt, Lisa M., Do, Changwoo, He, Lilin, Heroux, Luke, Littrell, Kenneth, Pingali, Sai Venkatesh, Qian, Shuo, Stanley, Christopher, Urban, Volker S., Wu, Bin, & Bras, Wim. The suite of small-angle neutron scattering instruments at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. United States. doi:10.1107/S1600576718001231.
Heller, William T., Cuneo, Matthew J., Debeer-Schmitt, Lisa M., Do, Changwoo, He, Lilin, Heroux, Luke, Littrell, Kenneth, Pingali, Sai Venkatesh, Qian, Shuo, Stanley, Christopher, Urban, Volker S., Wu, Bin, and Bras, Wim. Wed . "The suite of small-angle neutron scattering instruments at Oak Ridge National Laboratory". United States. doi:10.1107/S1600576718001231. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1435304.
@article{osti_1435304,
title = {The suite of small-angle neutron scattering instruments at Oak Ridge National Laboratory},
author = {Heller, William T. and Cuneo, Matthew J. and Debeer-Schmitt, Lisa M. and Do, Changwoo and He, Lilin and Heroux, Luke and Littrell, Kenneth and Pingali, Sai Venkatesh and Qian, Shuo and Stanley, Christopher and Urban, Volker S. and Wu, Bin and Bras, Wim},
abstractNote = {Oak Ridge National Laboratory is home to the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR), a high-flux research reactor, and the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS), the world's most intense source of pulsed neutron beams. The unique co-localization of these two sources provided an opportunity to develop a suite of complementary small-angle neutron scattering instruments for studies of large-scale structures: the GP-SANS and Bio-SANS instruments at the HFIR and the EQ-SANS and TOF-USANS instruments at the SNS. This article provides an overview of the capabilities of the suite of instruments, with specific emphasis on how they complement each other. As a result, a description of the plans for future developments including greater integration of the suite into a single point of entry for neutron scattering studies of large-scale structures is also provided.},
doi = {10.1107/S1600576718001231},
journal = {Journal of Applied Crystallography (Online)},
number = 2,
volume = 51,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 8 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Table 1 Table 1: ORNL SANS instruments specifications

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Mantid—Data analysis and visualization package for neutron scattering and μ SR experiments
journal, November 2014

  • Arnold, O.; Bilheux, J. C.; Borreguero, J. M.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 764
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2014.07.029

Absolute calibration of small-angle neutron scattering data
journal, February 1987


Irena : tool suite for modeling and analysis of small-angle scattering
journal, February 2009


New generation high performance in situ polarized 3 He system for time-of-flight beam at spallation sources
journal, February 2017

  • Jiang, C. Y.; Tong, X.; Brown, D. R.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 88, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4975991

Polarized 3He Neutron Spin Filters at Oak Ridge National Laboratory
journal, January 2013


The Spallation Neutron Source in Oak Ridge: A powerful tool for materials research
journal, November 2006


The national facility for small-angle neutron scattering
journal, March 1986


The 40 m general purpose small-angle neutron scattering instrument at Oak Ridge National Laboratory
journal, August 2012

  • Wignall, George D.; Littrell, Kenneth C.; Heller, William T.
  • Journal of Applied Crystallography, Vol. 45, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1107/s0021889812027057

Development of a compact in situ polarized 3 He neutron spin filter at Oak Ridge National Laboratory
journal, July 2014

  • Jiang, C. Y.; Tong, X.; Brown, D. R.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 85, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4890391

On-the-Fly Data Assessment for High-Throughput X-ray Diffraction Measurements
journal, May 2017


Transmission geometry supermirror neutron polarizer device
journal, June 1992


Study of the intermediate mixed state of niobium by small-angle neutron scattering
journal, May 1977


The extended Q -range small-angle neutron scattering diffractometer at the SNS
journal, July 2010


The Bio-SANS instrument at the High Flux Isotope Reactor of Oak Ridge National Laboratory
journal, June 2014

  • Heller, William T.; Urban, Volker S.; Lynn, Gary W.
  • Journal of Applied Crystallography, Vol. 47, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1107/s1600576714011285

Optimization of a Bonse–Hart Ultra-Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Facility by Elimination of the Rocking-Curve Wings
journal, June 1997

  • Agamalian, M.; Wignall, G. D.; Triolo, R.
  • Journal of Applied Crystallography, Vol. 30, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1107/s0021889896014343

Optimization of a Bonse–Hart Ultra-Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Facility by Elimination of the Rocking-Curve Wings
journal, June 1997

  • Agamalian, M.; Wignall, G. D.; Triolo, R.
  • Journal of Applied Crystallography, Vol. 30, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1107/S0021889896014343

Study of the intermediate mixed state of niobium by small-angle neutron scattering
journal, May 1977


The Bio-SANS instrument at the High Flux Isotope Reactor of Oak Ridge National Laboratory
journal, June 2014

  • Heller, William T.; Urban, Volker S.; Lynn, Gary W.
  • Journal of Applied Crystallography, Vol. 47, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1107/S1600576714011285

Irena : tool suite for modeling and analysis of small-angle scattering
journal, February 2009


Transmission geometry supermirror neutron polarizer device
journal, June 1992


Absolute calibration of small-angle neutron scattering data
journal, February 1987


The 40 m general purpose small-angle neutron scattering instrument at Oak Ridge National Laboratory
journal, August 2012

  • Wignall, George D.; Littrell, Kenneth C.; Heller, William T.
  • Journal of Applied Crystallography, Vol. 45, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1107/S0021889812027057

The extended Q -range small-angle neutron scattering diffractometer at the SNS
journal, July 2010


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Iridescence in nematics: Photonic liquid crystals of nanoplates in absence of long-range periodicity
    journal, August 2019

    • Zeng, Minxiang; King, Daniel; Huang, Dali
    • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 116, Issue 37
    • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1906511116

    Anomalous neutron scattering `halo' observed in highly oriented pyrolytic graphite
    journal, March 2019

    • He, Lilin; Li, Chen; Hamilton, William A.
    • Journal of Applied Crystallography, Vol. 52, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1107/s1600576719001110

    Foreword to the special issue on advanced neutron scattering instrumentation
    journal, June 2018


    An ensemble of flexible conformations underlies mechanotransduction by the cadherin–catenin adhesion complex
    journal, October 2019

    • Bush, Martin; Alhanshali, Bashir M.; Qian, Shuo
    • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 116, Issue 43
    • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1911489116

    Deep learning-based super-resolution for small-angle neutron scattering data: attempt to accelerate experimental workflow
    journal, January 2020

    • Chang, Ming-Ching; Wei, Yi; Chen, Wei-Ren
    • MRS Communications, Vol. 10, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1557/mrc.2019.166

    In Situ Probing Multiple-Scale Structures of Energy Materials for Li-Ion Batteries
    journal, May 2019


    Realization of ordered magnetic skyrmions in thin films at ambient conditions
    journal, October 2019


    Small-angle neutron scattering measurements of δ-phase deuteride (hydride) precipitates in Zircaloy 4
    journal, May 2018

    • Heuser, Brent J.; Lin, Jun-Li; Do, Changwoo
    • Journal of Applied Crystallography, Vol. 51, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1107/s160057671800479x

    Data Correction of Intensity Modulated Small Angle Scattering
    journal, June 2019


      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.