Fieldinduced magnetic phase transitions and metastable states in ${\mathrm{Tb}}_{3}\mathrm{Ni}$
In this study we report the detailed study of magnetic phase diagrams, lowtemperature magnetic structures, and the magnetic field effect on the electrical resistivity of the binary intermetallic compound $${\mathrm{Tb}}_{3}\mathrm{Ni}$$. The incommensurate magnetic structure of the spindensitywave type described with magnetic superspace group $$P{112}_{1}/a{1}^{{'}}(ab0)0ss$$ and propagation vector $${\mathbf{k}}_{\mathrm{IC}}=\left[0.506,0.299,0\right]$$ was found to emerge just below Néel temperature $${T}_{\mathrm{N}}=61$$ K. Further cooling below 58 K results in the appearance of multicomponent magnetic states: (i) a combination of $${\mathbf{k}}_{1}=\left[\frac{1}{2},\frac{1}{2},0\right]$$ and $${\mathbf{k}}_{\mathrm{IC}}$$ in the temperature range 51 < T < 58 K; (ii) a mixed magnetic state of $${\mathbf{k}}_{\mathrm{IC}}, {\mathbf{k}}_{1}$$, and $${\mathbf{k}}_{2}=\left[\frac{1}{2},\frac{1}{4},0\right]$$ with the partially lockedin incommensurate component in the temperature range 48 < T < 51 K; and (iii) a lowtemperature magnetic structure that is described by the intersection of two isotropy subgroups associated with the irreducible representations of two coupled primary order parameters (OPs) $${\mathbf{k}}_{2}=\left[\frac{1}{2},\frac{1}{4},0\right]$$ and $${\mathbf{k}}_{3}=\left[\frac{1}{2},\frac{1}{3},0\right]$$ and involves irreducible representations of the secondary OPs $${\mathbf{k}}_{1}=\left[\frac{1}{2},\frac{1}{2},0\right]$$ and $${\mathbf{k}}_{4}=\left[\frac{1}{2},0,0\right]$$ below 48 K. An external magnetic field suppresses the complex lowtemperature antiferromagnetic states and induces metamagnetic transitions towards a forced ferromagnetic state that are accompanied by a substantial magnetoresistance effect due to the magnetic superzone effect. Finally, the forced ferromagnetic state induced after application of an external magnetic field along the $b$ and $c$ crystallographic axes was found to be irreversible below 3 and 8 K, respectively.
 Authors:

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 Russian Academy of Sciences, Ekaterinburg (Russian Federation). M.N. Mikheev Inst. of Metal Physics; Ural Federal Univ., Ekaterinburg (Russian Federation). Inst. of Natural Sciences and Mathematics
 Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Neutron Scattering Division
 Max Planck Inst. for Chemical Physics of Solids, Dresden (Germany); TU Dresden (Germany). Inst. of Solid State and Material Physics
 National High Magnetic Field Lab. (MagLab), Tallahassee, FL (United States)
 HelmholtzZentrum Berlin for Materials and Energy, Berlin (Germany)
 Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland). Lab. for Neutron Scattering and Imaging
 Publication Date:
 Grant/Contract Number:
 AC0500OR22725; DMR1157490; AAAAA181180201901128; AAAAA181180202901295
 Type:
 Accepted Manuscript
 Journal Name:
 Physical Review B
 Additional Journal Information:
 Journal Volume: 97; Journal Issue: 13; Journal ID: ISSN 24699950
 Publisher:
 American Physical Society (APS)
 Research Org:
 Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); National High Magnetic Field Lab. (MagLab), Tallahassee, FL (United States); Russian Academy of Sciences, Ekaterinburg (Russian Federation)
 Sponsoring Org:
 USDOE Office of Science (SC); National Science Foundation (NSF); Federal Agency for Scientific Organizations (FASO Russia)
 Country of Publication:
 United States
 Language:
 English
 Subject:
 magnetic phase transitions; magnetism; magnetotransport
 OSTI Identifier:
 1435226