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Title: Controlled vapor crystal growth of N a 4 I r 3 O 8 : A three-dimensional quantum spin liquid candidate

In this work, we report the successful bulk single-crystal growth of the hyperkagome lattice iridate Na 4Ir 3O 8 (Na438) by vapor transport using a sealed aluminum oxide tube as a container. Crystals were characterized by magnetization, x-ray diffraction, and energy-dispersive x-ray measurements, confirming their identity and properties. Single-crystal x-ray diffraction experiments revealed superlattice peaks indexed on a propagation vector q=(1/3,1/3,1/3) based on the cubic substructure with cell parameter a=8.986(1)Å. This superlattice is three-dimensional and fully coherent. Polarization analysis rules out spin and/or orbital order as the underlying origin of the modulation and points to long-range ordering of Na ions at the notionally disordered Na sites as a plausible origin for the observed superlattice.
Authors:
 [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [3] ;  [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Materials Science Division
  2. Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States). Department of Chemistry
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). X-ray Science Division, Advanced Photon Source (APS)
  4. Univ. of Chicago, Argonne, IL (United States). ChemMatCARS
  5. Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States). Materials Department; Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA (United States). Department of Physics
  6. Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA (United States). Department of Physics
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725; AC02-06CH11357
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 2475-9953
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Materials Sciences & Engineering Division; USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE
OSTI Identifier:
1435187
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1434390; OSTI ID: 1437371

Zheng, Hong, Zhang, Junjie, Stoumpos, Constantinos C., Ren, Yang, Chen, Yu-Sheng, Dally, Rebecca, Wilson, Stephen D., Islam, Zahirul, and Mitchell, J. F.. Controlled vapor crystal growth of Na4Ir3O8: A three-dimensional quantum spin liquid candidate. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.2.043403.
Zheng, Hong, Zhang, Junjie, Stoumpos, Constantinos C., Ren, Yang, Chen, Yu-Sheng, Dally, Rebecca, Wilson, Stephen D., Islam, Zahirul, & Mitchell, J. F.. Controlled vapor crystal growth of Na4Ir3O8: A three-dimensional quantum spin liquid candidate. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.2.043403.
Zheng, Hong, Zhang, Junjie, Stoumpos, Constantinos C., Ren, Yang, Chen, Yu-Sheng, Dally, Rebecca, Wilson, Stephen D., Islam, Zahirul, and Mitchell, J. F.. 2018. "Controlled vapor crystal growth of Na4Ir3O8: A three-dimensional quantum spin liquid candidate". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.2.043403.
@article{osti_1435187,
title = {Controlled vapor crystal growth of Na4Ir3O8: A three-dimensional quantum spin liquid candidate},
author = {Zheng, Hong and Zhang, Junjie and Stoumpos, Constantinos C. and Ren, Yang and Chen, Yu-Sheng and Dally, Rebecca and Wilson, Stephen D. and Islam, Zahirul and Mitchell, J. F.},
abstractNote = {In this work, we report the successful bulk single-crystal growth of the hyperkagome lattice iridate Na4Ir3O8 (Na438) by vapor transport using a sealed aluminum oxide tube as a container. Crystals were characterized by magnetization, x-ray diffraction, and energy-dispersive x-ray measurements, confirming their identity and properties. Single-crystal x-ray diffraction experiments revealed superlattice peaks indexed on a propagation vector q=(1/3,1/3,1/3) based on the cubic substructure with cell parameter a=8.986(1)Å. This superlattice is three-dimensional and fully coherent. Polarization analysis rules out spin and/or orbital order as the underlying origin of the modulation and points to long-range ordering of Na ions at the notionally disordered Na sites as a plausible origin for the observed superlattice.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.2.043403},
journal = {Physical Review Materials},
number = 4,
volume = 2,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}