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Title: The Role of Biomass Composition and Steam Treatment on Durability of Pellets

Abstract

Steam treatment has been reported to improve the durability of wood pellet likely by changing the physical and chemical structures of wood particles, but published literature is inconclusive about which structure change is the major reason for enhanced durability. Here, in this paper, steam treatment was combined either with alkaline or with SO 2 to study. The solids obtained after steam treatments along with a control sample were dried and each was compacted into pellets. The pellets were then tested for durability. Steam treatment alone dominated improvements in durability. The pellet durability increased with the amount of xylose, but xylose performed better in the pellet from raw poplar than did in the pellet from treated poplar. Water-soluble components contributed a maximum 4% of the durability of poplar pellets. The addition of lignin and sugars to substrates after steam treatment did not improve durability significantly. The surface modification that took place as a result of size reduction during steam treatment was the major reason, contributing about 50% of the durability of the pellet from steam-treated poplar. The acidity of steam treatment slightly affected the relative contributions of these structure changes on the durability. Lastly, the new knowledge helps tailor the chemicalmore » and/or mechanical pretreatment involved in pelleting biomass to durable pellets.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [1]
  1. University of British Columbia, Vancouver (Canada). Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Biomass and Bioenergy Research Group and Department of Wood Science, Forest Products Biotechnology/Bioenergy Group, Faculty of Forestry
  2. University of British Columbia, Vancouver (Canada). Department of Wood Science, Forest Products Biotechnology/Bioenergy Group, Faculty of Forestry
  3. University of British Columbia, Vancouver (Canada). Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Biomass and Bioenergy Research Group; Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Environmental Sciences Division
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1435183
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
BioEnergy Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 11; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1939-1234
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; Pellet; Steam treatment; Poplar; Durability; Lignin

Citation Formats

Tang, Yong, Chandra, Richard P., Sokhansanj, Shahab, and Saddler, Jack N. The Role of Biomass Composition and Steam Treatment on Durability of Pellets. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1007/s12155-018-9900-9.
Tang, Yong, Chandra, Richard P., Sokhansanj, Shahab, & Saddler, Jack N. The Role of Biomass Composition and Steam Treatment on Durability of Pellets. United States. doi:10.1007/s12155-018-9900-9.
Tang, Yong, Chandra, Richard P., Sokhansanj, Shahab, and Saddler, Jack N. Sat . "The Role of Biomass Composition and Steam Treatment on Durability of Pellets". United States. doi:10.1007/s12155-018-9900-9. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1435183.
@article{osti_1435183,
title = {The Role of Biomass Composition and Steam Treatment on Durability of Pellets},
author = {Tang, Yong and Chandra, Richard P. and Sokhansanj, Shahab and Saddler, Jack N.},
abstractNote = {Steam treatment has been reported to improve the durability of wood pellet likely by changing the physical and chemical structures of wood particles, but published literature is inconclusive about which structure change is the major reason for enhanced durability. Here, in this paper, steam treatment was combined either with alkaline or with SO2 to study. The solids obtained after steam treatments along with a control sample were dried and each was compacted into pellets. The pellets were then tested for durability. Steam treatment alone dominated improvements in durability. The pellet durability increased with the amount of xylose, but xylose performed better in the pellet from raw poplar than did in the pellet from treated poplar. Water-soluble components contributed a maximum 4% of the durability of poplar pellets. The addition of lignin and sugars to substrates after steam treatment did not improve durability significantly. The surface modification that took place as a result of size reduction during steam treatment was the major reason, contributing about 50% of the durability of the pellet from steam-treated poplar. The acidity of steam treatment slightly affected the relative contributions of these structure changes on the durability. Lastly, the new knowledge helps tailor the chemical and/or mechanical pretreatment involved in pelleting biomass to durable pellets.},
doi = {10.1007/s12155-018-9900-9},
journal = {BioEnergy Research},
number = 2,
volume = 11,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {3}
}

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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Experimental procedure used to assess the role of biomass compositions and steam treatment on pellet durability

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    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.