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Title: Correlation of Non-proportionality and Scintillation Properties with Cerium Concentration in YAlO 3:Ce

Cerium doped YAlO3 (YAP:Ce) is an interesting oxide scintillator in that it exhibits a wider range of light yield non-proportionality on a sample-to-sample basis than most other well-known oxide scintillators. In general, most oxide materials, such as BGO and LSO:Ce, are thought to have an intrinsic proportional response that is nearly constant between samples and independent of growth conditions. Since light yield nonproportionality is responsible for degrading the achievable energy resolution of all known scintillators, it is important to understand what contributes to the behavior. In this study, in an attempt to understand if the phenomenon can be affected by growth parameters or by other means, seven samples of YAP:Ce were collected from various sources, and eight samples were grown inhouse using the Czochralski method. Based on optical and scintillation measurement as well as direct measurement of the cerium concentration, it was determined that the light yield proportionality in YAlO3:Ce is strongly related to the cerium concentration. Samples that were found to have a higher relative cerium concentration displayed a more proportional light yield response. In addition, it was determined that samples with a higher cerium concentration also exhibit a faster decay time and an enhanced energy resolution when comparedmore » to samples with less cerium. Finally, it was also determined that growth in a reducing atmosphere can effectively suppress a parasitic optical absorption band.« less
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  1. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Scintillation Materials Research Center
  2. Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC (United States)
  3. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  4. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Department of Nuclear Engineering; Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725; NA0000473
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science; Journal ID: ISSN 0018-9499
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Scintillator; Non-Proportionality; Energy Resolution
OSTI Identifier: