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Title: HESS J1741-302: a hidden accelerator in the Galactic plane

The H.E.S.S. Collaboration has discovered a new very high energy (VHE, E > 0.1 TeV) γ-ray source, HESS J1741-302, located in the Galactic plane. Despite several attempts to constrain its nature, no plausible counterpart has been found so far at X-ray and MeV/GeV γ-ray energies, and the source remains unidentified. An analysis of 145-h of observations of HESS J1741-302 at VHEs has revealed a steady and relatively weak TeV source (~1% of the Crab Nebula flux), with a spectral index of Γ = 2.3 ± 0.2stat ± 0.2sys, extending to energies up to 10 TeV without any clear signature of a cut-off. In a hadronic scenario, such a spectrum implies an object with particle acceleration up to energies of several hundred TeV. Contrary to most H.E.S.S. unidentified sources, the angular size of HESS J1741-302 is compatible with the H.E.S.S. point spread function at VHEs, with an extension constrained to be below 0.068° at a 99% confidence level. The γ-ray emission detected by H.E.S.S. can be explained both within a hadronic scenario, due to collisions of protons with energies of hundreds of TeV with dense molecular clouds, and in a leptonic scenario, as a relic pulsar wind nebula, possibly powered bymore » the middle-aged (20 kyr) pulsar PSR B1737-30. A binary scenario, related to the compact radio source 1LC 358.266+0.038 found to be spatially coincident with the best fit position of HESS J1741-302, is also envisaged.« less
Authors:
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Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-76SF00515
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Astronomy and Astrophysics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 612; Journal ID: ISSN 0004-6361
Publisher:
EDP Sciences
Research Org:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Contributing Orgs:
H.E.S.S. Collaboration; NANTEN Collaboration
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; Gamma rays: ISM; gamma rays: general; cosmic rays; ISM: clouds
OSTI Identifier:
1434924

Abdalla, H., Abramowski, A., Aharonian, F., Benkhali, F. Ait, Angüner, E. O., Arakawa, M., Armand, C., Arrieta, M., Backes, M., Balzer, A., Barnard, M., Becherini, Y., Tjus, J. Becker, Berge, D., Bernhard, S., Bernlöhr, K., Blackwell, R., Böttcher, M., Boisson, C., Bolmont, J., Bonnefoy, S., Bordas, P., Bregeon, J., Brun, F., Brun, P., Bryan, M., Büchele, M., Bulik, T., Capasso, M., Caroff, S., Carosi, A., Casanova, S., Cerruti, M., Chakraborty, N., G. Chaves, R. C., Chen, A., Chevalier, J., Colafrancesco, S., Condon, B., Conrad, J., Davids, I. D., Decock, J., Deil, C., Devin, J., deWilt, P., Dirson, L., Djannati-Ataï, A., Donath, A., Drury, L. O’C., Dyks, J., Edwards, T., Egberts, K., Emery, G., Ernenwein, J. -P., Eschbach, S., Farnier, C., Fegan, S., Fernandes, M. V., Fiasson, A., Fontaine, G., Funk, S., Füßling, M., Gabici, S., Gallant, Y. A., Garrigoux, T., Gaté, F., Giavitto, G., Glawion, D., Glicenstein, J. F., Gottschall, D., Grondin, M. -H., Hahn, J., Haupt, M., Hawkes, J., Heinzelmann, G., Henri, G., Hermann, G., Hinton, J. A., Hofmann, W., Hoischen, C., Holch, T. L., Holler, M., Horns, D., Ivascenko, A., Iwasaki, H., Jacholkowska, A., Jamrozy, M., Jankowsky, D., Jankowsky, F., Jingo, M., Jouvin, L., Jung-Richardt, I., Kastendieck, M. A., Katarzyński, K., Katsuragawa, M., Katz, U., Kerszberg, D., Khangulyan, D., Khélifi, B., King, J., Klepser, S., Klochkov, D., Kluźniak, W., Komin, Nu., Kosack, K., Krakau, S., Kraus, M., Krüger, P. P., Laffon, H., Lamanna, G., Lau, J., Lefaucheur, J., Lemière, A., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Lenain, J. -P., Leser, E., Lohse, T., Lorentz, M., Liu, R., López-Coto, R., Lypova, I., Malyshev, D., Marandon, V., Marcowith, A., Mariaud, C., Marx, R., Maurin, G., Maxted, N., Mayer, M., Meintjes, P. J., Meyer, M., W. Mitchell, A. M., Moderski, R., Mohamed, M., Mohrmann, L., Morå, K., Moulin, E., Murach, T., Nakashima, S., Naurois, M. de, Ndiyavala, H., Niederwanger, F., Niemiec, J., Oakes, L., O’Brien, P., Odaka, H., Ohm, S., Ostrowski, M., Oya, I., Padovani, M., Panter, M., Parsons, R. D., Pekeur, N. W., Pelletier, G., Perennes, C., Petrucci, P. -O., Peyaud, B., Piel, Q., Pita, S., Poireau, V., Prokhorov, D. A., Prokoph, H., Pühlhofer, G., Punch, M., Quirrenbach, A., Raab, S., Rauth, R., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Renaud, M., los Reyes, R. de, Rieger, F., Rinchiuso, L., Romoli, C., Rowell, G., Rudak, B., Rulten, C. B., Sahakian, V., Saito, S., Sanchez, D. A., Santangelo, A., Sasaki, M., Schlickeiser, R., Schüssler, F., Schulz, A., Schwanke, U., Schwemmer, S., Seglar-Arroyo, M., Seyffert, A. S., Shafi, N., Shilon, I., Shiningayamwe, K., Simoni, R., Sol, H., Spanier, F., Spir-Jacob, M., Stawarz, Ł., Steenkamp, R., Stegmann, C., Steppa, C., Sushch, I., Takahashi, T., Tavernet, J. -P., Tavernier, T., Taylor, A. M., Terrier, R., Tibaldo, L., Tiziani, D., Tluczykont, M., Trichard, C., Tsirou, M., Tsuji, N., Tuffs, R., Uchiyama, Y., van der Walt, D. J., Eldik, C. van, Rensburg, C. van, Soelen, B. van, Vasileiadis, G., Veh, J., Venter, C., Viana, A., Vincent, P., Vink, J., Voisin, F., Völk, H. J., Vuillaume, T., Wadiasingh, Z., Wagner, S. J., Wagner, P., Wagner, R. M., White, R., Wierzcholska, A., Willmann, P., Wörnlein, A., Wouters, D., Yang, R., Zaborov, D., Zacharias, M., Zanin, R., Zdziarski, A. A., Zech, A., Zefi, F., Ziegler, A., Zorn, J., Żywucka, N., Enokiya, R., Fukui, Y., Hayakawa, T., Okuda, T., Torii, K., and Yamamoto, H.. HESS J1741-302: a hidden accelerator in the Galactic plane. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201730581.
Abdalla, H., Abramowski, A., Aharonian, F., Benkhali, F. Ait, Angüner, E. O., Arakawa, M., Armand, C., Arrieta, M., Backes, M., Balzer, A., Barnard, M., Becherini, Y., Tjus, J. Becker, Berge, D., Bernhard, S., Bernlöhr, K., Blackwell, R., Böttcher, M., Boisson, C., Bolmont, J., Bonnefoy, S., Bordas, P., Bregeon, J., Brun, F., Brun, P., Bryan, M., Büchele, M., Bulik, T., Capasso, M., Caroff, S., Carosi, A., Casanova, S., Cerruti, M., Chakraborty, N., G. Chaves, R. C., Chen, A., Chevalier, J., Colafrancesco, S., Condon, B., Conrad, J., Davids, I. D., Decock, J., Deil, C., Devin, J., deWilt, P., Dirson, L., Djannati-Ataï, A., Donath, A., Drury, L. O’C., Dyks, J., Edwards, T., Egberts, K., Emery, G., Ernenwein, J. -P., Eschbach, S., Farnier, C., Fegan, S., Fernandes, M. V., Fiasson, A., Fontaine, G., Funk, S., Füßling, M., Gabici, S., Gallant, Y. A., Garrigoux, T., Gaté, F., Giavitto, G., Glawion, D., Glicenstein, J. F., Gottschall, D., Grondin, M. -H., Hahn, J., Haupt, M., Hawkes, J., Heinzelmann, G., Henri, G., Hermann, G., Hinton, J. A., Hofmann, W., Hoischen, C., Holch, T. L., Holler, M., Horns, D., Ivascenko, A., Iwasaki, H., Jacholkowska, A., Jamrozy, M., Jankowsky, D., Jankowsky, F., Jingo, M., Jouvin, L., Jung-Richardt, I., Kastendieck, M. A., Katarzyński, K., Katsuragawa, M., Katz, U., Kerszberg, D., Khangulyan, D., Khélifi, B., King, J., Klepser, S., Klochkov, D., Kluźniak, W., Komin, Nu., Kosack, K., Krakau, S., Kraus, M., Krüger, P. P., Laffon, H., Lamanna, G., Lau, J., Lefaucheur, J., Lemière, A., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Lenain, J. -P., Leser, E., Lohse, T., Lorentz, M., Liu, R., López-Coto, R., Lypova, I., Malyshev, D., Marandon, V., Marcowith, A., Mariaud, C., Marx, R., Maurin, G., Maxted, N., Mayer, M., Meintjes, P. J., Meyer, M., W. Mitchell, A. M., Moderski, R., Mohamed, M., Mohrmann, L., Morå, K., Moulin, E., Murach, T., Nakashima, S., Naurois, M. de, Ndiyavala, H., Niederwanger, F., Niemiec, J., Oakes, L., O’Brien, P., Odaka, H., Ohm, S., Ostrowski, M., Oya, I., Padovani, M., Panter, M., Parsons, R. D., Pekeur, N. W., Pelletier, G., Perennes, C., Petrucci, P. -O., Peyaud, B., Piel, Q., Pita, S., Poireau, V., Prokhorov, D. A., Prokoph, H., Pühlhofer, G., Punch, M., Quirrenbach, A., Raab, S., Rauth, R., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Renaud, M., los Reyes, R. de, Rieger, F., Rinchiuso, L., Romoli, C., Rowell, G., Rudak, B., Rulten, C. B., Sahakian, V., Saito, S., Sanchez, D. A., Santangelo, A., Sasaki, M., Schlickeiser, R., Schüssler, F., Schulz, A., Schwanke, U., Schwemmer, S., Seglar-Arroyo, M., Seyffert, A. S., Shafi, N., Shilon, I., Shiningayamwe, K., Simoni, R., Sol, H., Spanier, F., Spir-Jacob, M., Stawarz, Ł., Steenkamp, R., Stegmann, C., Steppa, C., Sushch, I., Takahashi, T., Tavernet, J. -P., Tavernier, T., Taylor, A. M., Terrier, R., Tibaldo, L., Tiziani, D., Tluczykont, M., Trichard, C., Tsirou, M., Tsuji, N., Tuffs, R., Uchiyama, Y., van der Walt, D. J., Eldik, C. van, Rensburg, C. van, Soelen, B. van, Vasileiadis, G., Veh, J., Venter, C., Viana, A., Vincent, P., Vink, J., Voisin, F., Völk, H. J., Vuillaume, T., Wadiasingh, Z., Wagner, S. J., Wagner, P., Wagner, R. M., White, R., Wierzcholska, A., Willmann, P., Wörnlein, A., Wouters, D., Yang, R., Zaborov, D., Zacharias, M., Zanin, R., Zdziarski, A. A., Zech, A., Zefi, F., Ziegler, A., Zorn, J., Żywucka, N., Enokiya, R., Fukui, Y., Hayakawa, T., Okuda, T., Torii, K., & Yamamoto, H.. HESS J1741-302: a hidden accelerator in the Galactic plane. United States. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201730581.
Abdalla, H., Abramowski, A., Aharonian, F., Benkhali, F. Ait, Angüner, E. O., Arakawa, M., Armand, C., Arrieta, M., Backes, M., Balzer, A., Barnard, M., Becherini, Y., Tjus, J. Becker, Berge, D., Bernhard, S., Bernlöhr, K., Blackwell, R., Böttcher, M., Boisson, C., Bolmont, J., Bonnefoy, S., Bordas, P., Bregeon, J., Brun, F., Brun, P., Bryan, M., Büchele, M., Bulik, T., Capasso, M., Caroff, S., Carosi, A., Casanova, S., Cerruti, M., Chakraborty, N., G. Chaves, R. C., Chen, A., Chevalier, J., Colafrancesco, S., Condon, B., Conrad, J., Davids, I. D., Decock, J., Deil, C., Devin, J., deWilt, P., Dirson, L., Djannati-Ataï, A., Donath, A., Drury, L. O’C., Dyks, J., Edwards, T., Egberts, K., Emery, G., Ernenwein, J. -P., Eschbach, S., Farnier, C., Fegan, S., Fernandes, M. V., Fiasson, A., Fontaine, G., Funk, S., Füßling, M., Gabici, S., Gallant, Y. A., Garrigoux, T., Gaté, F., Giavitto, G., Glawion, D., Glicenstein, J. F., Gottschall, D., Grondin, M. -H., Hahn, J., Haupt, M., Hawkes, J., Heinzelmann, G., Henri, G., Hermann, G., Hinton, J. A., Hofmann, W., Hoischen, C., Holch, T. L., Holler, M., Horns, D., Ivascenko, A., Iwasaki, H., Jacholkowska, A., Jamrozy, M., Jankowsky, D., Jankowsky, F., Jingo, M., Jouvin, L., Jung-Richardt, I., Kastendieck, M. A., Katarzyński, K., Katsuragawa, M., Katz, U., Kerszberg, D., Khangulyan, D., Khélifi, B., King, J., Klepser, S., Klochkov, D., Kluźniak, W., Komin, Nu., Kosack, K., Krakau, S., Kraus, M., Krüger, P. P., Laffon, H., Lamanna, G., Lau, J., Lefaucheur, J., Lemière, A., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Lenain, J. -P., Leser, E., Lohse, T., Lorentz, M., Liu, R., López-Coto, R., Lypova, I., Malyshev, D., Marandon, V., Marcowith, A., Mariaud, C., Marx, R., Maurin, G., Maxted, N., Mayer, M., Meintjes, P. J., Meyer, M., W. Mitchell, A. M., Moderski, R., Mohamed, M., Mohrmann, L., Morå, K., Moulin, E., Murach, T., Nakashima, S., Naurois, M. de, Ndiyavala, H., Niederwanger, F., Niemiec, J., Oakes, L., O’Brien, P., Odaka, H., Ohm, S., Ostrowski, M., Oya, I., Padovani, M., Panter, M., Parsons, R. D., Pekeur, N. W., Pelletier, G., Perennes, C., Petrucci, P. -O., Peyaud, B., Piel, Q., Pita, S., Poireau, V., Prokhorov, D. A., Prokoph, H., Pühlhofer, G., Punch, M., Quirrenbach, A., Raab, S., Rauth, R., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Renaud, M., los Reyes, R. de, Rieger, F., Rinchiuso, L., Romoli, C., Rowell, G., Rudak, B., Rulten, C. B., Sahakian, V., Saito, S., Sanchez, D. A., Santangelo, A., Sasaki, M., Schlickeiser, R., Schüssler, F., Schulz, A., Schwanke, U., Schwemmer, S., Seglar-Arroyo, M., Seyffert, A. S., Shafi, N., Shilon, I., Shiningayamwe, K., Simoni, R., Sol, H., Spanier, F., Spir-Jacob, M., Stawarz, Ł., Steenkamp, R., Stegmann, C., Steppa, C., Sushch, I., Takahashi, T., Tavernet, J. -P., Tavernier, T., Taylor, A. M., Terrier, R., Tibaldo, L., Tiziani, D., Tluczykont, M., Trichard, C., Tsirou, M., Tsuji, N., Tuffs, R., Uchiyama, Y., van der Walt, D. J., Eldik, C. van, Rensburg, C. van, Soelen, B. van, Vasileiadis, G., Veh, J., Venter, C., Viana, A., Vincent, P., Vink, J., Voisin, F., Völk, H. J., Vuillaume, T., Wadiasingh, Z., Wagner, S. J., Wagner, P., Wagner, R. M., White, R., Wierzcholska, A., Willmann, P., Wörnlein, A., Wouters, D., Yang, R., Zaborov, D., Zacharias, M., Zanin, R., Zdziarski, A. A., Zech, A., Zefi, F., Ziegler, A., Zorn, J., Żywucka, N., Enokiya, R., Fukui, Y., Hayakawa, T., Okuda, T., Torii, K., and Yamamoto, H.. 2018. "HESS J1741-302: a hidden accelerator in the Galactic plane". United States. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201730581.
@article{osti_1434924,
title = {HESS J1741-302: a hidden accelerator in the Galactic plane},
author = {Abdalla, H. and Abramowski, A. and Aharonian, F. and Benkhali, F. Ait and Angüner, E. O. and Arakawa, M. and Armand, C. and Arrieta, M. and Backes, M. and Balzer, A. and Barnard, M. and Becherini, Y. and Tjus, J. Becker and Berge, D. and Bernhard, S. and Bernlöhr, K. and Blackwell, R. and Böttcher, M. and Boisson, C. and Bolmont, J. and Bonnefoy, S. and Bordas, P. and Bregeon, J. and Brun, F. and Brun, P. and Bryan, M. and Büchele, M. and Bulik, T. and Capasso, M. and Caroff, S. and Carosi, A. and Casanova, S. and Cerruti, M. and Chakraborty, N. and G. Chaves, R. C. and Chen, A. and Chevalier, J. and Colafrancesco, S. and Condon, B. and Conrad, J. and Davids, I. D. and Decock, J. and Deil, C. and Devin, J. and deWilt, P. and Dirson, L. and Djannati-Ataï, A. and Donath, A. and Drury, L. O’C. and Dyks, J. and Edwards, T. and Egberts, K. and Emery, G. and Ernenwein, J. -P. and Eschbach, S. and Farnier, C. and Fegan, S. and Fernandes, M. V. and Fiasson, A. and Fontaine, G. and Funk, S. and Füßling, M. and Gabici, S. and Gallant, Y. A. and Garrigoux, T. and Gaté, F. and Giavitto, G. and Glawion, D. and Glicenstein, J. F. and Gottschall, D. and Grondin, M. -H. and Hahn, J. and Haupt, M. and Hawkes, J. and Heinzelmann, G. and Henri, G. and Hermann, G. and Hinton, J. A. and Hofmann, W. and Hoischen, C. and Holch, T. L. and Holler, M. and Horns, D. and Ivascenko, A. and Iwasaki, H. and Jacholkowska, A. and Jamrozy, M. and Jankowsky, D. and Jankowsky, F. and Jingo, M. and Jouvin, L. and Jung-Richardt, I. and Kastendieck, M. A. and Katarzyński, K. and Katsuragawa, M. and Katz, U. and Kerszberg, D. and Khangulyan, D. and Khélifi, B. and King, J. and Klepser, S. and Klochkov, D. and Kluźniak, W. and Komin, Nu. and Kosack, K. and Krakau, S. and Kraus, M. and Krüger, P. P. and Laffon, H. and Lamanna, G. and Lau, J. and Lefaucheur, J. and Lemière, A. and Lemoine-Goumard, M. and Lenain, J. -P. and Leser, E. and Lohse, T. and Lorentz, M. and Liu, R. and López-Coto, R. and Lypova, I. and Malyshev, D. and Marandon, V. and Marcowith, A. and Mariaud, C. and Marx, R. and Maurin, G. and Maxted, N. and Mayer, M. and Meintjes, P. J. and Meyer, M. and W. Mitchell, A. M. and Moderski, R. and Mohamed, M. and Mohrmann, L. and Morå, K. and Moulin, E. and Murach, T. and Nakashima, S. and Naurois, M. de and Ndiyavala, H. and Niederwanger, F. and Niemiec, J. and Oakes, L. and O’Brien, P. and Odaka, H. and Ohm, S. and Ostrowski, M. and Oya, I. and Padovani, M. and Panter, M. and Parsons, R. D. and Pekeur, N. W. and Pelletier, G. and Perennes, C. and Petrucci, P. -O. and Peyaud, B. and Piel, Q. and Pita, S. and Poireau, V. and Prokhorov, D. A. and Prokoph, H. and Pühlhofer, G. and Punch, M. and Quirrenbach, A. and Raab, S. and Rauth, R. and Reimer, A. and Reimer, O. and Renaud, M. and los Reyes, R. de and Rieger, F. and Rinchiuso, L. and Romoli, C. and Rowell, G. and Rudak, B. and Rulten, C. B. and Sahakian, V. and Saito, S. and Sanchez, D. A. and Santangelo, A. and Sasaki, M. and Schlickeiser, R. and Schüssler, F. and Schulz, A. and Schwanke, U. and Schwemmer, S. and Seglar-Arroyo, M. and Seyffert, A. S. and Shafi, N. and Shilon, I. and Shiningayamwe, K. and Simoni, R. and Sol, H. and Spanier, F. and Spir-Jacob, M. and Stawarz, Ł. and Steenkamp, R. and Stegmann, C. and Steppa, C. and Sushch, I. and Takahashi, T. and Tavernet, J. -P. and Tavernier, T. and Taylor, A. M. and Terrier, R. and Tibaldo, L. and Tiziani, D. and Tluczykont, M. and Trichard, C. and Tsirou, M. and Tsuji, N. and Tuffs, R. and Uchiyama, Y. and van der Walt, D. J. and Eldik, C. van and Rensburg, C. van and Soelen, B. van and Vasileiadis, G. and Veh, J. and Venter, C. and Viana, A. and Vincent, P. and Vink, J. and Voisin, F. and Völk, H. J. and Vuillaume, T. and Wadiasingh, Z. and Wagner, S. J. and Wagner, P. and Wagner, R. M. and White, R. and Wierzcholska, A. and Willmann, P. and Wörnlein, A. and Wouters, D. and Yang, R. and Zaborov, D. and Zacharias, M. and Zanin, R. and Zdziarski, A. A. and Zech, A. and Zefi, F. and Ziegler, A. and Zorn, J. and Żywucka, N. and Enokiya, R. and Fukui, Y. and Hayakawa, T. and Okuda, T. and Torii, K. and Yamamoto, H.},
abstractNote = {The H.E.S.S. Collaboration has discovered a new very high energy (VHE, E > 0.1 TeV) γ-ray source, HESS J1741-302, located in the Galactic plane. Despite several attempts to constrain its nature, no plausible counterpart has been found so far at X-ray and MeV/GeV γ-ray energies, and the source remains unidentified. An analysis of 145-h of observations of HESS J1741-302 at VHEs has revealed a steady and relatively weak TeV source (~1% of the Crab Nebula flux), with a spectral index of Γ = 2.3 ± 0.2stat ± 0.2sys, extending to energies up to 10 TeV without any clear signature of a cut-off. In a hadronic scenario, such a spectrum implies an object with particle acceleration up to energies of several hundred TeV. Contrary to most H.E.S.S. unidentified sources, the angular size of HESS J1741-302 is compatible with the H.E.S.S. point spread function at VHEs, with an extension constrained to be below 0.068° at a 99% confidence level. The γ-ray emission detected by H.E.S.S. can be explained both within a hadronic scenario, due to collisions of protons with energies of hundreds of TeV with dense molecular clouds, and in a leptonic scenario, as a relic pulsar wind nebula, possibly powered by the middle-aged (20 kyr) pulsar PSR B1737-30. A binary scenario, related to the compact radio source 1LC 358.266+0.038 found to be spatially coincident with the best fit position of HESS J1741-302, is also envisaged.},
doi = {10.1051/0004-6361/201730581},
journal = {Astronomy and Astrophysics},
number = ,
volume = 612,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}