skip to main content

DOE PAGESDOE PAGES

This content will become publicly available on April 1, 2019

Title: The supernova remnant W49B as seen with H.E.S.S. and Fermi-LAT

The supernova remnant (SNR) W49B originated from a core-collapse supernova that occurred between one and four thousand years ago, and subsequently evolved into a mixed-morphology remnant, which is interacting with molecular clouds (MC). Gamma-ray observations of SNR-MC associations are a powerful tool to constrain the origin of Galactic cosmic rays, as they can probe the acceleration of hadrons through their interaction with the surrounding medium and subsequent emission of non-thermal photons. Here, we report the detection of a γ-ray source coincident with W49B at very high energies (VHE; E > 100 GeV) with the H.E.S.S. Cherenkov telescopes together with a study of the source with five years of Fermi-LAT high-energy γ-ray (0.06–300 GeV) data. The smoothly connected, combined source spectrum, measured from 60 MeV to multi-TeV energies, shows two significant spectral breaks at 304 ± 20 MeV and 8.4 -2.5 +2.2 GeV; the latter is constrained by the joint fit from the two instruments. The detected spectral features are similar to those observed in several other SNR-MC associations and are found to be indicative of γ-ray emission produced through neutral-pion decay.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; more »; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; « less
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-76SF00515; AST-9800334; AST-0098562; AST-0100793; AST-0228993; AST-0507657
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Astronomy and Astrophysics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 612; Journal ID: ISSN 0004-6361
Publisher:
EDP Sciences
Research Org:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE; National Science Foundation (NSF)
Contributing Orgs:
H.E.S.S. Collaboration; From Fermi-LAT Collaboration
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; gamma rays general; ISM: supernova remnants; ISM: clouds
OSTI Identifier:
1434923

Abdalla, H., Abramowski, A., Aharonian, F., Benkhali, F. Ait, Akhperjanian, A. G., Andersson, T., Angüner, E. O., Arrieta, M., Aubert, P., Backes, M., Balzer, A., Barnard, M., Becherini, Y., Tjus, J. Becker, Berge, D., Bernhard, S., Bernlöhr, K., Blackwell, R., Böttcher, M., Boisson, C., Bolmont, J., Bordas, P., Bregeon, J., Brun, F., Brun, P., Bryan, M., Bulik, T., Capasso, M., Carr, J., Casanova, S., Cerruti, M., Chakraborty, N., Chalme-Calvet, R., Chaves, R. C. G., Chen, A., Chevalier, J., Chrétien, M., Colafrancesco, S., Cologna, G., Condon, B., Conrad, J., Cui, Y., Davids, I. D., Decock, J., Degrange, B., Deil, C., Devin, J., deWilt, P., Dirson, L., Djannati-Ataï, A., Domainko, W., Donath, A., Drury, L. O’C., Dubus, G., Dutson, K., Dyks, J., Edwards, T., Egberts, K., Eger, P., Ernenwein, J. -P., Eschbach, S., Farnier, C., Fegan, S., Fernandes, M. V., Fiasson, A., Fontaine, G., Förster, A., Funk, S., Füßling, M., Gabici, S., Gajdus, M., Gallant, Y. A., Garrigoux, T., Giavitto, G., Giebels, B., Glicenstein, J. F., Gottschall, D., Goyal, A., Grondin, M. -H., Hadasch, D., Hahn, J., Haupt, M., Hawkes, J., Heinzelmann, G., Henri, G., Hermann, G., Hervet, O., Hinton, J. A., Hofmann, W., Hoischen, C., Holler, M., Horns, D., Ivascenko, A., Jacholkowska, A., Jamrozy, M., Janiak, M., Jankowsky, D., Jankowsky, F., Jingo, M., Jogler, T., Jouvin, L., Jung-Richardt, I., Kastendieck, M. A., Katarzyński, K., Katz, U., Kerszberg, D., Khélifi, B., Kieffer, M., King, J., Klepser, S., Klochkov, D., Kluźniak, W., Kolitzus, D., Komin, Nu., Kosack, K., Krakau, S., Kraus, M., Krayzel, F., Krüger, P. P., Laffon, H., Lamanna, G., Lau, J., Lees, J. -P., Lefaucheur, J., Lefranc, V., Lemière, A., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Lenain, J. -P., Leser, E., Lohse, T., Lorentz, M., Liu, R., López-Coto, R., Lypova, I., Marandon, V., Marcowith, A., Mariaud, C., Marx, R., Maurin, G., Maxted, N., Mayer, M., Meintjes, P. J., Meyer, M., Mitchell, A. M. W., Moderski, R., Mohamed, M., Mohrmann, L., Morå, K., Moulin, E., Murach, T., Naurois, M. de, Niederwanger, F., Niemiec, J., Oakes, L., O’Brien, P., Odaka, H., Öttl, S., Ohm, S., Ostrowski, M., Oya, I., Padovani, M., Panter, M., Parsons, R. D., Pekeur, N. W., Pelletier, G., Perennes, C., Petrucci, P. -O., Peyaud, B., Piel, Q., Pita, S., Poon, H., Prokhorov, D., Prokoph, H., Pühlhofer, G., Punch, M., Quirrenbach, A., Raab, S., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Renaud, M., los Reyes, R. de, Rieger, F., Romoli, C., Rosier-Lees, S., Rowell, G., Rudak, B., Rulten, C. B., Sahakian, V., Salek, D., Sanchez, D. A., Santangelo, A., Sasaki, M., Schlickeiser, R., Schüssler, F., Schulz, A., Schwanke, U., Schwemmer, S., Settimo, M., Seyffert, A. S., Shafi, N., Shilon, I., Simoni, R., Sol, H., Spanier, F., Spengler, G., Spies, F., Stawarz, Ł., Steenkamp, R., Stegmann, C., Stinzing, F., Stycz, K., Sushch, I., Tavernet, J. -P., Tavernier, T., Taylor, A. M., Terrier, R., Tibaldo, L., Tiziani, D., Tluczykont, M., Trichard, C., Tuffs, R., Uchiyama, Y., van der Walt, D. J., Eldik, C. van, Rensburg, C. van, Soelen, B. van, Vasileiadis, G., Veh, J., Venter, C., Viana, A., Vincent, P., Vink, J., Voisin, F., Völk, H. J., Vuillaume, T., Wadiasingh, Z., Wagner, S. J., Wagner, P., Wagner, R. M., White, R., Wierzcholska, A., Willmann, P., Wörnlein, A., Wouters, D., Yang, R., Zabalza, V., Zaborov, D., Zacharias, M., Zdziarski, A. A., Zech, A., Zefi, F., Ziegler, A., Żywucka, N., and Katsuta, J.. The supernova remnant W49B as seen with H.E.S.S. and Fermi-LAT. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201527843.
Abdalla, H., Abramowski, A., Aharonian, F., Benkhali, F. Ait, Akhperjanian, A. G., Andersson, T., Angüner, E. O., Arrieta, M., Aubert, P., Backes, M., Balzer, A., Barnard, M., Becherini, Y., Tjus, J. Becker, Berge, D., Bernhard, S., Bernlöhr, K., Blackwell, R., Böttcher, M., Boisson, C., Bolmont, J., Bordas, P., Bregeon, J., Brun, F., Brun, P., Bryan, M., Bulik, T., Capasso, M., Carr, J., Casanova, S., Cerruti, M., Chakraborty, N., Chalme-Calvet, R., Chaves, R. C. G., Chen, A., Chevalier, J., Chrétien, M., Colafrancesco, S., Cologna, G., Condon, B., Conrad, J., Cui, Y., Davids, I. D., Decock, J., Degrange, B., Deil, C., Devin, J., deWilt, P., Dirson, L., Djannati-Ataï, A., Domainko, W., Donath, A., Drury, L. O’C., Dubus, G., Dutson, K., Dyks, J., Edwards, T., Egberts, K., Eger, P., Ernenwein, J. -P., Eschbach, S., Farnier, C., Fegan, S., Fernandes, M. V., Fiasson, A., Fontaine, G., Förster, A., Funk, S., Füßling, M., Gabici, S., Gajdus, M., Gallant, Y. A., Garrigoux, T., Giavitto, G., Giebels, B., Glicenstein, J. F., Gottschall, D., Goyal, A., Grondin, M. -H., Hadasch, D., Hahn, J., Haupt, M., Hawkes, J., Heinzelmann, G., Henri, G., Hermann, G., Hervet, O., Hinton, J. A., Hofmann, W., Hoischen, C., Holler, M., Horns, D., Ivascenko, A., Jacholkowska, A., Jamrozy, M., Janiak, M., Jankowsky, D., Jankowsky, F., Jingo, M., Jogler, T., Jouvin, L., Jung-Richardt, I., Kastendieck, M. A., Katarzyński, K., Katz, U., Kerszberg, D., Khélifi, B., Kieffer, M., King, J., Klepser, S., Klochkov, D., Kluźniak, W., Kolitzus, D., Komin, Nu., Kosack, K., Krakau, S., Kraus, M., Krayzel, F., Krüger, P. P., Laffon, H., Lamanna, G., Lau, J., Lees, J. -P., Lefaucheur, J., Lefranc, V., Lemière, A., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Lenain, J. -P., Leser, E., Lohse, T., Lorentz, M., Liu, R., López-Coto, R., Lypova, I., Marandon, V., Marcowith, A., Mariaud, C., Marx, R., Maurin, G., Maxted, N., Mayer, M., Meintjes, P. J., Meyer, M., Mitchell, A. M. W., Moderski, R., Mohamed, M., Mohrmann, L., Morå, K., Moulin, E., Murach, T., Naurois, M. de, Niederwanger, F., Niemiec, J., Oakes, L., O’Brien, P., Odaka, H., Öttl, S., Ohm, S., Ostrowski, M., Oya, I., Padovani, M., Panter, M., Parsons, R. D., Pekeur, N. W., Pelletier, G., Perennes, C., Petrucci, P. -O., Peyaud, B., Piel, Q., Pita, S., Poon, H., Prokhorov, D., Prokoph, H., Pühlhofer, G., Punch, M., Quirrenbach, A., Raab, S., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Renaud, M., los Reyes, R. de, Rieger, F., Romoli, C., Rosier-Lees, S., Rowell, G., Rudak, B., Rulten, C. B., Sahakian, V., Salek, D., Sanchez, D. A., Santangelo, A., Sasaki, M., Schlickeiser, R., Schüssler, F., Schulz, A., Schwanke, U., Schwemmer, S., Settimo, M., Seyffert, A. S., Shafi, N., Shilon, I., Simoni, R., Sol, H., Spanier, F., Spengler, G., Spies, F., Stawarz, Ł., Steenkamp, R., Stegmann, C., Stinzing, F., Stycz, K., Sushch, I., Tavernet, J. -P., Tavernier, T., Taylor, A. M., Terrier, R., Tibaldo, L., Tiziani, D., Tluczykont, M., Trichard, C., Tuffs, R., Uchiyama, Y., van der Walt, D. J., Eldik, C. van, Rensburg, C. van, Soelen, B. van, Vasileiadis, G., Veh, J., Venter, C., Viana, A., Vincent, P., Vink, J., Voisin, F., Völk, H. J., Vuillaume, T., Wadiasingh, Z., Wagner, S. J., Wagner, P., Wagner, R. M., White, R., Wierzcholska, A., Willmann, P., Wörnlein, A., Wouters, D., Yang, R., Zabalza, V., Zaborov, D., Zacharias, M., Zdziarski, A. A., Zech, A., Zefi, F., Ziegler, A., Żywucka, N., & Katsuta, J.. The supernova remnant W49B as seen with H.E.S.S. and Fermi-LAT. United States. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201527843.
Abdalla, H., Abramowski, A., Aharonian, F., Benkhali, F. Ait, Akhperjanian, A. G., Andersson, T., Angüner, E. O., Arrieta, M., Aubert, P., Backes, M., Balzer, A., Barnard, M., Becherini, Y., Tjus, J. Becker, Berge, D., Bernhard, S., Bernlöhr, K., Blackwell, R., Böttcher, M., Boisson, C., Bolmont, J., Bordas, P., Bregeon, J., Brun, F., Brun, P., Bryan, M., Bulik, T., Capasso, M., Carr, J., Casanova, S., Cerruti, M., Chakraborty, N., Chalme-Calvet, R., Chaves, R. C. G., Chen, A., Chevalier, J., Chrétien, M., Colafrancesco, S., Cologna, G., Condon, B., Conrad, J., Cui, Y., Davids, I. D., Decock, J., Degrange, B., Deil, C., Devin, J., deWilt, P., Dirson, L., Djannati-Ataï, A., Domainko, W., Donath, A., Drury, L. O’C., Dubus, G., Dutson, K., Dyks, J., Edwards, T., Egberts, K., Eger, P., Ernenwein, J. -P., Eschbach, S., Farnier, C., Fegan, S., Fernandes, M. V., Fiasson, A., Fontaine, G., Förster, A., Funk, S., Füßling, M., Gabici, S., Gajdus, M., Gallant, Y. A., Garrigoux, T., Giavitto, G., Giebels, B., Glicenstein, J. F., Gottschall, D., Goyal, A., Grondin, M. -H., Hadasch, D., Hahn, J., Haupt, M., Hawkes, J., Heinzelmann, G., Henri, G., Hermann, G., Hervet, O., Hinton, J. A., Hofmann, W., Hoischen, C., Holler, M., Horns, D., Ivascenko, A., Jacholkowska, A., Jamrozy, M., Janiak, M., Jankowsky, D., Jankowsky, F., Jingo, M., Jogler, T., Jouvin, L., Jung-Richardt, I., Kastendieck, M. A., Katarzyński, K., Katz, U., Kerszberg, D., Khélifi, B., Kieffer, M., King, J., Klepser, S., Klochkov, D., Kluźniak, W., Kolitzus, D., Komin, Nu., Kosack, K., Krakau, S., Kraus, M., Krayzel, F., Krüger, P. P., Laffon, H., Lamanna, G., Lau, J., Lees, J. -P., Lefaucheur, J., Lefranc, V., Lemière, A., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Lenain, J. -P., Leser, E., Lohse, T., Lorentz, M., Liu, R., López-Coto, R., Lypova, I., Marandon, V., Marcowith, A., Mariaud, C., Marx, R., Maurin, G., Maxted, N., Mayer, M., Meintjes, P. J., Meyer, M., Mitchell, A. M. W., Moderski, R., Mohamed, M., Mohrmann, L., Morå, K., Moulin, E., Murach, T., Naurois, M. de, Niederwanger, F., Niemiec, J., Oakes, L., O’Brien, P., Odaka, H., Öttl, S., Ohm, S., Ostrowski, M., Oya, I., Padovani, M., Panter, M., Parsons, R. D., Pekeur, N. W., Pelletier, G., Perennes, C., Petrucci, P. -O., Peyaud, B., Piel, Q., Pita, S., Poon, H., Prokhorov, D., Prokoph, H., Pühlhofer, G., Punch, M., Quirrenbach, A., Raab, S., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Renaud, M., los Reyes, R. de, Rieger, F., Romoli, C., Rosier-Lees, S., Rowell, G., Rudak, B., Rulten, C. B., Sahakian, V., Salek, D., Sanchez, D. A., Santangelo, A., Sasaki, M., Schlickeiser, R., Schüssler, F., Schulz, A., Schwanke, U., Schwemmer, S., Settimo, M., Seyffert, A. S., Shafi, N., Shilon, I., Simoni, R., Sol, H., Spanier, F., Spengler, G., Spies, F., Stawarz, Ł., Steenkamp, R., Stegmann, C., Stinzing, F., Stycz, K., Sushch, I., Tavernet, J. -P., Tavernier, T., Taylor, A. M., Terrier, R., Tibaldo, L., Tiziani, D., Tluczykont, M., Trichard, C., Tuffs, R., Uchiyama, Y., van der Walt, D. J., Eldik, C. van, Rensburg, C. van, Soelen, B. van, Vasileiadis, G., Veh, J., Venter, C., Viana, A., Vincent, P., Vink, J., Voisin, F., Völk, H. J., Vuillaume, T., Wadiasingh, Z., Wagner, S. J., Wagner, P., Wagner, R. M., White, R., Wierzcholska, A., Willmann, P., Wörnlein, A., Wouters, D., Yang, R., Zabalza, V., Zaborov, D., Zacharias, M., Zdziarski, A. A., Zech, A., Zefi, F., Ziegler, A., Żywucka, N., and Katsuta, J.. 2018. "The supernova remnant W49B as seen with H.E.S.S. and Fermi-LAT". United States. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201527843.
@article{osti_1434923,
title = {The supernova remnant W49B as seen with H.E.S.S. and Fermi-LAT},
author = {Abdalla, H. and Abramowski, A. and Aharonian, F. and Benkhali, F. Ait and Akhperjanian, A. G. and Andersson, T. and Angüner, E. O. and Arrieta, M. and Aubert, P. and Backes, M. and Balzer, A. and Barnard, M. and Becherini, Y. and Tjus, J. Becker and Berge, D. and Bernhard, S. and Bernlöhr, K. and Blackwell, R. and Böttcher, M. and Boisson, C. and Bolmont, J. and Bordas, P. and Bregeon, J. and Brun, F. and Brun, P. and Bryan, M. and Bulik, T. and Capasso, M. and Carr, J. and Casanova, S. and Cerruti, M. and Chakraborty, N. and Chalme-Calvet, R. and Chaves, R. C. G. and Chen, A. and Chevalier, J. and Chrétien, M. and Colafrancesco, S. and Cologna, G. and Condon, B. and Conrad, J. and Cui, Y. and Davids, I. D. and Decock, J. and Degrange, B. and Deil, C. and Devin, J. and deWilt, P. and Dirson, L. and Djannati-Ataï, A. and Domainko, W. and Donath, A. and Drury, L. O’C. and Dubus, G. and Dutson, K. and Dyks, J. and Edwards, T. and Egberts, K. and Eger, P. and Ernenwein, J. -P. and Eschbach, S. and Farnier, C. and Fegan, S. and Fernandes, M. V. and Fiasson, A. and Fontaine, G. and Förster, A. and Funk, S. and Füßling, M. and Gabici, S. and Gajdus, M. and Gallant, Y. A. and Garrigoux, T. and Giavitto, G. and Giebels, B. and Glicenstein, J. F. and Gottschall, D. and Goyal, A. and Grondin, M. -H. and Hadasch, D. and Hahn, J. and Haupt, M. and Hawkes, J. and Heinzelmann, G. and Henri, G. and Hermann, G. and Hervet, O. and Hinton, J. A. and Hofmann, W. and Hoischen, C. and Holler, M. and Horns, D. and Ivascenko, A. and Jacholkowska, A. and Jamrozy, M. and Janiak, M. and Jankowsky, D. and Jankowsky, F. and Jingo, M. and Jogler, T. and Jouvin, L. and Jung-Richardt, I. and Kastendieck, M. A. and Katarzyński, K. and Katz, U. and Kerszberg, D. and Khélifi, B. and Kieffer, M. and King, J. and Klepser, S. and Klochkov, D. and Kluźniak, W. and Kolitzus, D. and Komin, Nu. and Kosack, K. and Krakau, S. and Kraus, M. and Krayzel, F. and Krüger, P. P. and Laffon, H. and Lamanna, G. and Lau, J. and Lees, J. -P. and Lefaucheur, J. and Lefranc, V. and Lemière, A. and Lemoine-Goumard, M. and Lenain, J. -P. and Leser, E. and Lohse, T. and Lorentz, M. and Liu, R. and López-Coto, R. and Lypova, I. and Marandon, V. and Marcowith, A. and Mariaud, C. and Marx, R. and Maurin, G. and Maxted, N. and Mayer, M. and Meintjes, P. J. and Meyer, M. and Mitchell, A. M. W. and Moderski, R. and Mohamed, M. and Mohrmann, L. and Morå, K. and Moulin, E. and Murach, T. and Naurois, M. de and Niederwanger, F. and Niemiec, J. and Oakes, L. and O’Brien, P. and Odaka, H. and Öttl, S. and Ohm, S. and Ostrowski, M. and Oya, I. and Padovani, M. and Panter, M. and Parsons, R. D. and Pekeur, N. W. and Pelletier, G. and Perennes, C. and Petrucci, P. -O. and Peyaud, B. and Piel, Q. and Pita, S. and Poon, H. and Prokhorov, D. and Prokoph, H. and Pühlhofer, G. and Punch, M. and Quirrenbach, A. and Raab, S. and Reimer, A. and Reimer, O. and Renaud, M. and los Reyes, R. de and Rieger, F. and Romoli, C. and Rosier-Lees, S. and Rowell, G. and Rudak, B. and Rulten, C. B. and Sahakian, V. and Salek, D. and Sanchez, D. A. and Santangelo, A. and Sasaki, M. and Schlickeiser, R. and Schüssler, F. and Schulz, A. and Schwanke, U. and Schwemmer, S. and Settimo, M. and Seyffert, A. S. and Shafi, N. and Shilon, I. and Simoni, R. and Sol, H. and Spanier, F. and Spengler, G. and Spies, F. and Stawarz, Ł. and Steenkamp, R. and Stegmann, C. and Stinzing, F. and Stycz, K. and Sushch, I. and Tavernet, J. -P. and Tavernier, T. and Taylor, A. M. and Terrier, R. and Tibaldo, L. and Tiziani, D. and Tluczykont, M. and Trichard, C. and Tuffs, R. and Uchiyama, Y. and van der Walt, D. J. and Eldik, C. van and Rensburg, C. van and Soelen, B. van and Vasileiadis, G. and Veh, J. and Venter, C. and Viana, A. and Vincent, P. and Vink, J. and Voisin, F. and Völk, H. J. and Vuillaume, T. and Wadiasingh, Z. and Wagner, S. J. and Wagner, P. and Wagner, R. M. and White, R. and Wierzcholska, A. and Willmann, P. and Wörnlein, A. and Wouters, D. and Yang, R. and Zabalza, V. and Zaborov, D. and Zacharias, M. and Zdziarski, A. A. and Zech, A. and Zefi, F. and Ziegler, A. and Żywucka, N. and Katsuta, J.},
abstractNote = {The supernova remnant (SNR) W49B originated from a core-collapse supernova that occurred between one and four thousand years ago, and subsequently evolved into a mixed-morphology remnant, which is interacting with molecular clouds (MC). Gamma-ray observations of SNR-MC associations are a powerful tool to constrain the origin of Galactic cosmic rays, as they can probe the acceleration of hadrons through their interaction with the surrounding medium and subsequent emission of non-thermal photons. Here, we report the detection of a γ-ray source coincident with W49B at very high energies (VHE; E > 100 GeV) with the H.E.S.S. Cherenkov telescopes together with a study of the source with five years of Fermi-LAT high-energy γ-ray (0.06–300 GeV) data. The smoothly connected, combined source spectrum, measured from 60 MeV to multi-TeV energies, shows two significant spectral breaks at 304 ± 20 MeV and 8.4-2.5+2.2 GeV; the latter is constrained by the joint fit from the two instruments. The detected spectral features are similar to those observed in several other SNR-MC associations and are found to be indicative of γ-ray emission produced through neutral-pion decay.},
doi = {10.1051/0004-6361/201527843},
journal = {Astronomy and Astrophysics},
number = ,
volume = 612,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}