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Title: Population study of Galactic supernova remnants at very high γ -ray energies with H.E.S.S.

Shell-type supernova remnants (SNRs) are considered prime candidates for the acceleration of Galactic cosmic rays (CRs) up to the knee of the CR spectrum at E ≈ 3 × 10 15 eV. Our Milky Way galaxy hosts more than 350 SNRs discovered at radio wavelengths and at high energies, of which 220 fall into the H.E.S.S. Galactic Plane Survey (HGPS) region. Of those, only 50 SNRs are coincident with a H.E.S.S source and in 8 cases the very high-energy (VHE) emission is firmly identified as an SNR. The H.E.S.S. GPS provides us with a legacy for SNR population study in VHE γ-rays and we use this rich data set to extract VHE flux upper limits from all undetected SNRs. Overall, the derived flux upper limits are not in contradiction with the canonical CR paradigm. Assuming this paradigm holds true, we can constrain typical ambient density values around shell-type SNRs to n ≤ 7 cm -3 and electron-to-proton energy fractions above 10 TeV to ϵ ep ≤ 5 × 10 -3. Furthermore, comparisons of VHE with radio luminosities in non-interacting SNRs reveal a behaviour that is in agreement with the theory of magnetic field amplification at shell-type SNRs.
Authors:
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Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-76SF00515
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Astronomy and Astrophysics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 612; Journal ID: ISSN 0004-6361
Publisher:
EDP Sciences
Research Org:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Contributing Orgs:
H.E.S.S. Collaboration
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; gamma rays: genera; ISM: supernova remnants
OSTI Identifier:
1434922

Abdalla, H., Abramowski, A., Aharonian, F., Ait Benkhali, F., Angüner, E. O., Arakawa, M., Arrieta, M., Aubert, P., Backes, M., Balzer, A., Barnard, M., Becherini, Y., Tjus, J. Becker, Berge, D., Bernhard, S., Bernlöhr, K., Blackwell, R., Böttcher, M., Boisson, C., Bolmont, J., Bonnefoy, S., Bordas, P., Bregeon, J., Brun, F., Brun, P., Bryan, M., Büchele, M., Bulik, T., Capasso, M., Caroff, S., Carosi, A., Casanova, S., Cerruti, M., Chakraborty, N., Chaves, R. C. G., Chen, A., Chevalier, J., Colafrancesco, S., Condon, B., Conrad, J., Davids, I. D., Decock, J., Deil, C., Devin, J., deWilt, P., Dirson, L., Djannati-Ataï, A., Donath, A., Drury, L. O’C., Dutson, K., Dyks, J., Edwards, T., Egberts, K., Emery, G., Ernenwein, J. -P., Eschbach, S., Farnier, C., Fegan, S., Fernandes, M. V., Fernandez, D., Fiasson, A., Fontaine, G., Funk, S., Füßling, M., Gabici, S., Gallant, Y. A., Garrigoux, T., Gaté, F., Giavitto, G., Giebels, B., Glawion, D., Glicenstein, J. F., Gottschall, D., Grondin, M. -H., Hahn, J., Haupt, M., Hawkes, J., Heinzelmann, G., Henri, G., Hermann, G., Hinton, J. A., Hofmann, W., Hoischen, C., Holch, T. L., Holler, M., Horns, D., Ivascenko, A., Iwasaki, H., Jacholkowska, A., Jamrozy, M., Jankowsky, D., Jankowsky, F., Jingo, M., Jouvin, L., Jung-Richardt, I., Kastendieck, M. A., Katarzyński, K., Katsuragawa, M., Katz, U., Kerszberg, D., Khangulyan, D., Khélifi, B., King, J., Klepser, S., Klochkov, D., Kluźniak, W., Komin, Nu., Kosack, K., Krakau, S., Kraus, M., Krüger, P. P., Laffon, H., Lamanna, G., Lau, J., Lees, J. -P., Lefaucheur, J., Lemière, A., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Lenain, J. -P., Leser, E., Lohse, T., Lorentz, M., Liu, R., López-Coto, R., Lypova, I., Malyshev, D., Marandon, V., Marcowith, A., Mariaud, C., Marx, R., Maurin, G., Maxted, N., Mayer, M., Meintjes, P. J., Meyer, M., Mitchell, A. M. W., Moderski, R., Mohamed, M., Mohrmann, L., Morå, K., Moulin, E., Murach, T., Nakashima, S., de Naurois, M., Ndiyavala, H., Niederwanger, F., Niemiec, J., Oakes, L., O’Brien, P., Odaka, H., Ohm, S., Ostrowski, M., Oya, I., Padovani, M., Panter, M., Parsons, R. D., Pekeur, N. W., Pelletier, G., Perennes, C., Petrucci, P. -O., Peyaud, B., Piel, Q., Pita, S., Poireau, V., Poon, H., Prokhorov, D., Prokoph, H., Pühlhofer, G., Punch, M., Quirrenbach, A., Raab, S., Rauth, R., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Renaud, M., los Reyes, R. de, Rieger, F., Rinchiuso, L., Romoli, C., Rowell, G., Rudak, B., Rulten, C. B., Safi-Harb, S., Sahakian, V., Saito, S., Sanchez, D. A., Santangelo, A., Sasaki, M., Schlickeiser, R., Schüssler, F., Schulz, A., Schwanke, U., Schwemmer, S., Seglar-Arroyo, M., Settimo, M., Seyffert, A. S., Shafi, N., Shilon, I., Shiningayamwe, K., Simoni, R., Sol, H., Spanier, F., Spir-Jacob, M., Stawarz, Ł., Steenkamp, R., Stegmann, C., Steppa, C., Sushch, I., Takahashi, T., Tavernet, J. -P., Tavernier, T., Taylor, A. M., Terrier, R., Tibaldo, L., Tiziani, D., Tluczykont, M., Trichard, C., Tsirou, M., Tsuji, N., Tuffs, R., Uchiyama, Y., der Walt, D. J. van, van Eldik, C., van Rensburg, C., Soelen, B. van, Vasileiadis, G., Veh, J., Venter, C., Viana, A., Vincent, P., Vink, J., Voisin, F., Völk, H. J., Vuillaume, T., Wadiasingh, Z., Wagner, S. J., Wagner, P., Wagner, R. M., White, R., Wierzcholska, A., Willmann, P., Wörnlein, A., Wouters, D., Yang, R., Zaborov, D., Zacharias, M., Zanin, R., Zdziarski, A. A., Zech, A., Zefi, F., Ziegler, A., Zorn, J., and Żywucka, N.. Population study of Galactic supernova remnants at very high γ -ray energies with H.E.S.S.. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201732125.
Abdalla, H., Abramowski, A., Aharonian, F., Ait Benkhali, F., Angüner, E. O., Arakawa, M., Arrieta, M., Aubert, P., Backes, M., Balzer, A., Barnard, M., Becherini, Y., Tjus, J. Becker, Berge, D., Bernhard, S., Bernlöhr, K., Blackwell, R., Böttcher, M., Boisson, C., Bolmont, J., Bonnefoy, S., Bordas, P., Bregeon, J., Brun, F., Brun, P., Bryan, M., Büchele, M., Bulik, T., Capasso, M., Caroff, S., Carosi, A., Casanova, S., Cerruti, M., Chakraborty, N., Chaves, R. C. G., Chen, A., Chevalier, J., Colafrancesco, S., Condon, B., Conrad, J., Davids, I. D., Decock, J., Deil, C., Devin, J., deWilt, P., Dirson, L., Djannati-Ataï, A., Donath, A., Drury, L. O’C., Dutson, K., Dyks, J., Edwards, T., Egberts, K., Emery, G., Ernenwein, J. -P., Eschbach, S., Farnier, C., Fegan, S., Fernandes, M. V., Fernandez, D., Fiasson, A., Fontaine, G., Funk, S., Füßling, M., Gabici, S., Gallant, Y. A., Garrigoux, T., Gaté, F., Giavitto, G., Giebels, B., Glawion, D., Glicenstein, J. F., Gottschall, D., Grondin, M. -H., Hahn, J., Haupt, M., Hawkes, J., Heinzelmann, G., Henri, G., Hermann, G., Hinton, J. A., Hofmann, W., Hoischen, C., Holch, T. L., Holler, M., Horns, D., Ivascenko, A., Iwasaki, H., Jacholkowska, A., Jamrozy, M., Jankowsky, D., Jankowsky, F., Jingo, M., Jouvin, L., Jung-Richardt, I., Kastendieck, M. A., Katarzyński, K., Katsuragawa, M., Katz, U., Kerszberg, D., Khangulyan, D., Khélifi, B., King, J., Klepser, S., Klochkov, D., Kluźniak, W., Komin, Nu., Kosack, K., Krakau, S., Kraus, M., Krüger, P. P., Laffon, H., Lamanna, G., Lau, J., Lees, J. -P., Lefaucheur, J., Lemière, A., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Lenain, J. -P., Leser, E., Lohse, T., Lorentz, M., Liu, R., López-Coto, R., Lypova, I., Malyshev, D., Marandon, V., Marcowith, A., Mariaud, C., Marx, R., Maurin, G., Maxted, N., Mayer, M., Meintjes, P. J., Meyer, M., Mitchell, A. M. W., Moderski, R., Mohamed, M., Mohrmann, L., Morå, K., Moulin, E., Murach, T., Nakashima, S., de Naurois, M., Ndiyavala, H., Niederwanger, F., Niemiec, J., Oakes, L., O’Brien, P., Odaka, H., Ohm, S., Ostrowski, M., Oya, I., Padovani, M., Panter, M., Parsons, R. D., Pekeur, N. W., Pelletier, G., Perennes, C., Petrucci, P. -O., Peyaud, B., Piel, Q., Pita, S., Poireau, V., Poon, H., Prokhorov, D., Prokoph, H., Pühlhofer, G., Punch, M., Quirrenbach, A., Raab, S., Rauth, R., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Renaud, M., los Reyes, R. de, Rieger, F., Rinchiuso, L., Romoli, C., Rowell, G., Rudak, B., Rulten, C. B., Safi-Harb, S., Sahakian, V., Saito, S., Sanchez, D. A., Santangelo, A., Sasaki, M., Schlickeiser, R., Schüssler, F., Schulz, A., Schwanke, U., Schwemmer, S., Seglar-Arroyo, M., Settimo, M., Seyffert, A. S., Shafi, N., Shilon, I., Shiningayamwe, K., Simoni, R., Sol, H., Spanier, F., Spir-Jacob, M., Stawarz, Ł., Steenkamp, R., Stegmann, C., Steppa, C., Sushch, I., Takahashi, T., Tavernet, J. -P., Tavernier, T., Taylor, A. M., Terrier, R., Tibaldo, L., Tiziani, D., Tluczykont, M., Trichard, C., Tsirou, M., Tsuji, N., Tuffs, R., Uchiyama, Y., der Walt, D. J. van, van Eldik, C., van Rensburg, C., Soelen, B. van, Vasileiadis, G., Veh, J., Venter, C., Viana, A., Vincent, P., Vink, J., Voisin, F., Völk, H. J., Vuillaume, T., Wadiasingh, Z., Wagner, S. J., Wagner, P., Wagner, R. M., White, R., Wierzcholska, A., Willmann, P., Wörnlein, A., Wouters, D., Yang, R., Zaborov, D., Zacharias, M., Zanin, R., Zdziarski, A. A., Zech, A., Zefi, F., Ziegler, A., Zorn, J., & Żywucka, N.. Population study of Galactic supernova remnants at very high γ -ray energies with H.E.S.S.. United States. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201732125.
Abdalla, H., Abramowski, A., Aharonian, F., Ait Benkhali, F., Angüner, E. O., Arakawa, M., Arrieta, M., Aubert, P., Backes, M., Balzer, A., Barnard, M., Becherini, Y., Tjus, J. Becker, Berge, D., Bernhard, S., Bernlöhr, K., Blackwell, R., Böttcher, M., Boisson, C., Bolmont, J., Bonnefoy, S., Bordas, P., Bregeon, J., Brun, F., Brun, P., Bryan, M., Büchele, M., Bulik, T., Capasso, M., Caroff, S., Carosi, A., Casanova, S., Cerruti, M., Chakraborty, N., Chaves, R. C. G., Chen, A., Chevalier, J., Colafrancesco, S., Condon, B., Conrad, J., Davids, I. D., Decock, J., Deil, C., Devin, J., deWilt, P., Dirson, L., Djannati-Ataï, A., Donath, A., Drury, L. O’C., Dutson, K., Dyks, J., Edwards, T., Egberts, K., Emery, G., Ernenwein, J. -P., Eschbach, S., Farnier, C., Fegan, S., Fernandes, M. V., Fernandez, D., Fiasson, A., Fontaine, G., Funk, S., Füßling, M., Gabici, S., Gallant, Y. A., Garrigoux, T., Gaté, F., Giavitto, G., Giebels, B., Glawion, D., Glicenstein, J. F., Gottschall, D., Grondin, M. -H., Hahn, J., Haupt, M., Hawkes, J., Heinzelmann, G., Henri, G., Hermann, G., Hinton, J. A., Hofmann, W., Hoischen, C., Holch, T. L., Holler, M., Horns, D., Ivascenko, A., Iwasaki, H., Jacholkowska, A., Jamrozy, M., Jankowsky, D., Jankowsky, F., Jingo, M., Jouvin, L., Jung-Richardt, I., Kastendieck, M. A., Katarzyński, K., Katsuragawa, M., Katz, U., Kerszberg, D., Khangulyan, D., Khélifi, B., King, J., Klepser, S., Klochkov, D., Kluźniak, W., Komin, Nu., Kosack, K., Krakau, S., Kraus, M., Krüger, P. P., Laffon, H., Lamanna, G., Lau, J., Lees, J. -P., Lefaucheur, J., Lemière, A., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Lenain, J. -P., Leser, E., Lohse, T., Lorentz, M., Liu, R., López-Coto, R., Lypova, I., Malyshev, D., Marandon, V., Marcowith, A., Mariaud, C., Marx, R., Maurin, G., Maxted, N., Mayer, M., Meintjes, P. J., Meyer, M., Mitchell, A. M. W., Moderski, R., Mohamed, M., Mohrmann, L., Morå, K., Moulin, E., Murach, T., Nakashima, S., de Naurois, M., Ndiyavala, H., Niederwanger, F., Niemiec, J., Oakes, L., O’Brien, P., Odaka, H., Ohm, S., Ostrowski, M., Oya, I., Padovani, M., Panter, M., Parsons, R. D., Pekeur, N. W., Pelletier, G., Perennes, C., Petrucci, P. -O., Peyaud, B., Piel, Q., Pita, S., Poireau, V., Poon, H., Prokhorov, D., Prokoph, H., Pühlhofer, G., Punch, M., Quirrenbach, A., Raab, S., Rauth, R., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Renaud, M., los Reyes, R. de, Rieger, F., Rinchiuso, L., Romoli, C., Rowell, G., Rudak, B., Rulten, C. B., Safi-Harb, S., Sahakian, V., Saito, S., Sanchez, D. A., Santangelo, A., Sasaki, M., Schlickeiser, R., Schüssler, F., Schulz, A., Schwanke, U., Schwemmer, S., Seglar-Arroyo, M., Settimo, M., Seyffert, A. S., Shafi, N., Shilon, I., Shiningayamwe, K., Simoni, R., Sol, H., Spanier, F., Spir-Jacob, M., Stawarz, Ł., Steenkamp, R., Stegmann, C., Steppa, C., Sushch, I., Takahashi, T., Tavernet, J. -P., Tavernier, T., Taylor, A. M., Terrier, R., Tibaldo, L., Tiziani, D., Tluczykont, M., Trichard, C., Tsirou, M., Tsuji, N., Tuffs, R., Uchiyama, Y., der Walt, D. J. van, van Eldik, C., van Rensburg, C., Soelen, B. van, Vasileiadis, G., Veh, J., Venter, C., Viana, A., Vincent, P., Vink, J., Voisin, F., Völk, H. J., Vuillaume, T., Wadiasingh, Z., Wagner, S. J., Wagner, P., Wagner, R. M., White, R., Wierzcholska, A., Willmann, P., Wörnlein, A., Wouters, D., Yang, R., Zaborov, D., Zacharias, M., Zanin, R., Zdziarski, A. A., Zech, A., Zefi, F., Ziegler, A., Zorn, J., and Żywucka, N.. 2018. "Population study of Galactic supernova remnants at very high γ -ray energies with H.E.S.S.". United States. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201732125.
@article{osti_1434922,
title = {Population study of Galactic supernova remnants at very high γ -ray energies with H.E.S.S.},
author = {Abdalla, H. and Abramowski, A. and Aharonian, F. and Ait Benkhali, F. and Angüner, E. O. and Arakawa, M. and Arrieta, M. and Aubert, P. and Backes, M. and Balzer, A. and Barnard, M. and Becherini, Y. and Tjus, J. Becker and Berge, D. and Bernhard, S. and Bernlöhr, K. and Blackwell, R. and Böttcher, M. and Boisson, C. and Bolmont, J. and Bonnefoy, S. and Bordas, P. and Bregeon, J. and Brun, F. and Brun, P. and Bryan, M. and Büchele, M. and Bulik, T. and Capasso, M. and Caroff, S. and Carosi, A. and Casanova, S. and Cerruti, M. and Chakraborty, N. and Chaves, R. C. G. and Chen, A. and Chevalier, J. and Colafrancesco, S. and Condon, B. and Conrad, J. and Davids, I. D. and Decock, J. and Deil, C. and Devin, J. and deWilt, P. and Dirson, L. and Djannati-Ataï, A. and Donath, A. and Drury, L. O’C. and Dutson, K. and Dyks, J. and Edwards, T. and Egberts, K. and Emery, G. and Ernenwein, J. -P. and Eschbach, S. and Farnier, C. and Fegan, S. and Fernandes, M. V. and Fernandez, D. and Fiasson, A. and Fontaine, G. and Funk, S. and Füßling, M. and Gabici, S. and Gallant, Y. A. and Garrigoux, T. and Gaté, F. and Giavitto, G. and Giebels, B. and Glawion, D. and Glicenstein, J. F. and Gottschall, D. and Grondin, M. -H. and Hahn, J. and Haupt, M. and Hawkes, J. and Heinzelmann, G. and Henri, G. and Hermann, G. and Hinton, J. A. and Hofmann, W. and Hoischen, C. and Holch, T. L. and Holler, M. and Horns, D. and Ivascenko, A. and Iwasaki, H. and Jacholkowska, A. and Jamrozy, M. and Jankowsky, D. and Jankowsky, F. and Jingo, M. and Jouvin, L. and Jung-Richardt, I. and Kastendieck, M. A. and Katarzyński, K. and Katsuragawa, M. and Katz, U. and Kerszberg, D. and Khangulyan, D. and Khélifi, B. and King, J. and Klepser, S. and Klochkov, D. and Kluźniak, W. and Komin, Nu. and Kosack, K. and Krakau, S. and Kraus, M. and Krüger, P. P. and Laffon, H. and Lamanna, G. and Lau, J. and Lees, J. -P. and Lefaucheur, J. and Lemière, A. and Lemoine-Goumard, M. and Lenain, J. -P. and Leser, E. and Lohse, T. and Lorentz, M. and Liu, R. and López-Coto, R. and Lypova, I. and Malyshev, D. and Marandon, V. and Marcowith, A. and Mariaud, C. and Marx, R. and Maurin, G. and Maxted, N. and Mayer, M. and Meintjes, P. J. and Meyer, M. and Mitchell, A. M. W. and Moderski, R. and Mohamed, M. and Mohrmann, L. and Morå, K. and Moulin, E. and Murach, T. and Nakashima, S. and de Naurois, M. and Ndiyavala, H. and Niederwanger, F. and Niemiec, J. and Oakes, L. and O’Brien, P. and Odaka, H. and Ohm, S. and Ostrowski, M. and Oya, I. and Padovani, M. and Panter, M. and Parsons, R. D. and Pekeur, N. W. and Pelletier, G. and Perennes, C. and Petrucci, P. -O. and Peyaud, B. and Piel, Q. and Pita, S. and Poireau, V. and Poon, H. and Prokhorov, D. and Prokoph, H. and Pühlhofer, G. and Punch, M. and Quirrenbach, A. and Raab, S. and Rauth, R. and Reimer, A. and Reimer, O. and Renaud, M. and los Reyes, R. de and Rieger, F. and Rinchiuso, L. and Romoli, C. and Rowell, G. and Rudak, B. and Rulten, C. B. and Safi-Harb, S. and Sahakian, V. and Saito, S. and Sanchez, D. A. and Santangelo, A. and Sasaki, M. and Schlickeiser, R. and Schüssler, F. and Schulz, A. and Schwanke, U. and Schwemmer, S. and Seglar-Arroyo, M. and Settimo, M. and Seyffert, A. S. and Shafi, N. and Shilon, I. and Shiningayamwe, K. and Simoni, R. and Sol, H. and Spanier, F. and Spir-Jacob, M. and Stawarz, Ł. and Steenkamp, R. and Stegmann, C. and Steppa, C. and Sushch, I. and Takahashi, T. and Tavernet, J. -P. and Tavernier, T. and Taylor, A. M. and Terrier, R. and Tibaldo, L. and Tiziani, D. and Tluczykont, M. and Trichard, C. and Tsirou, M. and Tsuji, N. and Tuffs, R. and Uchiyama, Y. and der Walt, D. J. van and van Eldik, C. and van Rensburg, C. and Soelen, B. van and Vasileiadis, G. and Veh, J. and Venter, C. and Viana, A. and Vincent, P. and Vink, J. and Voisin, F. and Völk, H. J. and Vuillaume, T. and Wadiasingh, Z. and Wagner, S. J. and Wagner, P. and Wagner, R. M. and White, R. and Wierzcholska, A. and Willmann, P. and Wörnlein, A. and Wouters, D. and Yang, R. and Zaborov, D. and Zacharias, M. and Zanin, R. and Zdziarski, A. A. and Zech, A. and Zefi, F. and Ziegler, A. and Zorn, J. and Żywucka, N.},
abstractNote = {Shell-type supernova remnants (SNRs) are considered prime candidates for the acceleration of Galactic cosmic rays (CRs) up to the knee of the CR spectrum at E ≈ 3 × 1015 eV. Our Milky Way galaxy hosts more than 350 SNRs discovered at radio wavelengths and at high energies, of which 220 fall into the H.E.S.S. Galactic Plane Survey (HGPS) region. Of those, only 50 SNRs are coincident with a H.E.S.S source and in 8 cases the very high-energy (VHE) emission is firmly identified as an SNR. The H.E.S.S. GPS provides us with a legacy for SNR population study in VHE γ-rays and we use this rich data set to extract VHE flux upper limits from all undetected SNRs. Overall, the derived flux upper limits are not in contradiction with the canonical CR paradigm. Assuming this paradigm holds true, we can constrain typical ambient density values around shell-type SNRs to n ≤ 7 cm-3 and electron-to-proton energy fractions above 10 TeV to ϵep ≤ 5 × 10-3. Furthermore, comparisons of VHE with radio luminosities in non-interacting SNRs reveal a behaviour that is in agreement with the theory of magnetic field amplification at shell-type SNRs.},
doi = {10.1051/0004-6361/201732125},
journal = {Astronomy and Astrophysics},
number = ,
volume = 612,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}