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Title: Two-Dimensional Holey Nanoarchitectures Created by Confined Self-Assembly of Nanoparticles via Block Copolymers: From Synthesis to Energy Storage Property

Advances in liquid-phase exfoliation and surfactant-directed anisotropic growth of two-dimensional (2D) nanosheets have enabled their rapid development. However, it remains challenging to develop assembly strategies that lead to the construction of 2D nanomaterials with well-defined geometry and functional nanoarchitectures that are tailored to specific applications. Here we report a facile self-assembly method leading to the controlled synthesis of 2D transition metal oxide (TMO) nanosheets containing a high density of holes. We utilize graphene oxide sheets as a sacrificial template and Pluronic copolymers as surfactant. By using ZnFe 2O 4 (ZFO) nanoparticles as a model material, we demonstrate that by tuning the molecular weight of the Pluronic copolymers that we can incorporate the ZFO particles and tune the size of the holes in the sheets. The resulting 2D ZFO nanosheets offer synergistic characteristics including increased electrochemically active surface areas, shortened ion diffusion paths, and strong inherent mechanical properties, leading to enhanced lithium-ion storage properties. Post-cycling characterization confirms that the samples maintain structural integrity after electrochemical cycling. In conclusion, our findings demonstrate that this template-assisted self-assembly method is a useful bottom-up route for controlled synthesis of 2D nanoarchitectures, and these holey 2D nanoarchitectures are promising for improving the electrochemical performance of nextgenerationmore » lithium-ion batteries.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [3] ; ORCiD logo [3] ; ORCiD logo [4] ; ORCiD logo [5] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. The Univ. of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX (United States)
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States)
  3. Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States)
  4. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  5. Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States); Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
BNL-203553-2018-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 1936-0851
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0012704
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Nano
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1936-0851
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 2D holey nanosheet architectures; confined self-assembly; Pluronic copolymers; lithium-ion batteries; energy storage
OSTI Identifier:
1434773