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Title: High flux femtosecond x-ray emission from the electron-hose instability in laser wakefield accelerators

Here, bright and ultrashort duration x-ray pulses can be produced by through betatron oscillations of electrons during laser wakefield acceleration (LWFA). Our experimental measurements using the Hercules laser system demonstrate a dramatic increase in x-ray flux for interaction distances beyond the depletion/dephasing lengths, where the initial electron bunch injected into the first wake bucket catches up with the laser pulse front and the laser pulse depletes. A transition from an LWFA regime to a beam-driven plasma wakefield acceleration regime consequently occurs. The drive electron bunch is susceptible to the electron-hose instability and rapidly develops large amplitude oscillations in its tail, which leads to greatly enhanced x-ray radiation emission. We measure the x-ray flux as a function of acceleration length using a variable length gas cell. 3D particle-in-cell simulations using a Monte Carlo synchrotron x-ray emission algorithm elucidate the time-dependent variations in the radiation emission processes.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Princeton Univ., Princeton, NJ (United States). Princeton Plasma Physics Lab.; Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
  2. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
  3. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Lancaster Univ., Lancaster (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
NA0002372; 1054164; FA9550-12-1-0310
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review Accelerators and Beams
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 21; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9888
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS
OSTI Identifier:
1434406
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1436752

Dong, C. F., Zhao, T. Z., Behm, K., Cummings, P. G., Nees, J., Maksimchuk, A., Yanovsky, V., Krushelnick, K., and Thomas, A. G. R.. High flux femtosecond x-ray emission from the electron-hose instability in laser wakefield accelerators. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevAccelBeams.21.041303.
Dong, C. F., Zhao, T. Z., Behm, K., Cummings, P. G., Nees, J., Maksimchuk, A., Yanovsky, V., Krushelnick, K., & Thomas, A. G. R.. High flux femtosecond x-ray emission from the electron-hose instability in laser wakefield accelerators. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevAccelBeams.21.041303.
Dong, C. F., Zhao, T. Z., Behm, K., Cummings, P. G., Nees, J., Maksimchuk, A., Yanovsky, V., Krushelnick, K., and Thomas, A. G. R.. 2018. "High flux femtosecond x-ray emission from the electron-hose instability in laser wakefield accelerators". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevAccelBeams.21.041303.
@article{osti_1434406,
title = {High flux femtosecond x-ray emission from the electron-hose instability in laser wakefield accelerators},
author = {Dong, C. F. and Zhao, T. Z. and Behm, K. and Cummings, P. G. and Nees, J. and Maksimchuk, A. and Yanovsky, V. and Krushelnick, K. and Thomas, A. G. R.},
abstractNote = {Here, bright and ultrashort duration x-ray pulses can be produced by through betatron oscillations of electrons during laser wakefield acceleration (LWFA). Our experimental measurements using the Hercules laser system demonstrate a dramatic increase in x-ray flux for interaction distances beyond the depletion/dephasing lengths, where the initial electron bunch injected into the first wake bucket catches up with the laser pulse front and the laser pulse depletes. A transition from an LWFA regime to a beam-driven plasma wakefield acceleration regime consequently occurs. The drive electron bunch is susceptible to the electron-hose instability and rapidly develops large amplitude oscillations in its tail, which leads to greatly enhanced x-ray radiation emission. We measure the x-ray flux as a function of acceleration length using a variable length gas cell. 3D particle-in-cell simulations using a Monte Carlo synchrotron x-ray emission algorithm elucidate the time-dependent variations in the radiation emission processes.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevAccelBeams.21.041303},
journal = {Physical Review Accelerators and Beams},
number = 4,
volume = 21,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}