skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: OCO-2 advances photosynthesis observation from space via solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence

Abstract

Quantifying gross primary production (GPP) remains a major challenge in global carbon cycle research. Spaceborne monitoring of solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIF), an integrative photosynthetic signal of molecular origin, can assist in terrestrial GPP monitoring. However, the extent to which SIF tracks spatiotemporal variations in GPP remains unresolved. Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2)’s SIF data acquisition and fine spatial resolution permit direct validation against ground and airborne observations. Empirical orthogonal function analysis shows consistent spatiotemporal correspondence between OCO-2 SIF and GPP globally. A linear SIF-GPP relationship is also obtained at eddy-flux sites covering diverse biomes, setting the stage for future investigations of the robustness of such a relationship across more biomes. In conclusion, our findings support the central importance of high-quality satellite SIF for studying terrestrial carbon cycle dynamics.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [1];  [4]; ORCiD logo [5]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [7]; ORCiD logo [8]; ORCiD logo [9]; ORCiD logo [10]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [11]; ORCiD logo [12]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), La Canada Flintridge, CA (United States). Jet Propulsion Lab.
  2. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), La Canada Flintridge, CA (United States). Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences; California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), La Canada Flintridge, CA (United States). Jet Propulsion Lab.
  3. Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, MO (United States). School of Natural Resources
  4. Max Planck Society, Jena (Germany). Max Planck Inst. for Biogeochemistry
  5. Helmholtz-Zentrum Potsdam (HZP), (Germany). German Research Centre for GeoSciences
  6. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), La Canada Flintridge, CA (United States). Jet Propulsion Lab.; Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States). Joint Inst. for Regional Earth System Science and Engineering
  7. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Consulting for Statistics, Computing, and Analytics Research
  8. Univ. of Helsinki (Finland). Optics of Photosynthesis Lab., Dept. of Forest Sciences
  9. Univ. of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN (United States). Dept. of Soil, Water, and Climate
  10. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Environmental Science Division
  11. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), La Canada Flintridge, CA (United States). Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences
  12. Univ. of Sydney, NSW (Australia). Faculty of Agriculture and Environment, School of Life and Environmental Science
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23); National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA); European Union (EU)
OSTI Identifier:
1434373
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1399421
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; 1288039; 640176; award310104
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 358; Journal Issue: 6360; Journal ID: ISSN 0036-8075
Publisher:
AAAS
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Sun, Ying, Frankenberg, C., Wood, Jeff D., Schimel, David S., Jung, M., Guanter, L., Drewry, D. T., Verma, M., Porcar-Castell, A., Griffis, T. J., Gu, Lianhong, Magney, T. S., Köhler, P., Evans, B., and Yuen, K. OCO-2 advances photosynthesis observation from space via solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1126/science.aam5747.
Sun, Ying, Frankenberg, C., Wood, Jeff D., Schimel, David S., Jung, M., Guanter, L., Drewry, D. T., Verma, M., Porcar-Castell, A., Griffis, T. J., Gu, Lianhong, Magney, T. S., Köhler, P., Evans, B., & Yuen, K. OCO-2 advances photosynthesis observation from space via solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence. United States. doi:10.1126/science.aam5747.
Sun, Ying, Frankenberg, C., Wood, Jeff D., Schimel, David S., Jung, M., Guanter, L., Drewry, D. T., Verma, M., Porcar-Castell, A., Griffis, T. J., Gu, Lianhong, Magney, T. S., Köhler, P., Evans, B., and Yuen, K. Thu . "OCO-2 advances photosynthesis observation from space via solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence". United States. doi:10.1126/science.aam5747.
@article{osti_1434373,
title = {OCO-2 advances photosynthesis observation from space via solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence},
author = {Sun, Ying and Frankenberg, C. and Wood, Jeff D. and Schimel, David S. and Jung, M. and Guanter, L. and Drewry, D. T. and Verma, M. and Porcar-Castell, A. and Griffis, T. J. and Gu, Lianhong and Magney, T. S. and Köhler, P. and Evans, B. and Yuen, K.},
abstractNote = {Quantifying gross primary production (GPP) remains a major challenge in global carbon cycle research. Spaceborne monitoring of solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIF), an integrative photosynthetic signal of molecular origin, can assist in terrestrial GPP monitoring. However, the extent to which SIF tracks spatiotemporal variations in GPP remains unresolved. Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2)’s SIF data acquisition and fine spatial resolution permit direct validation against ground and airborne observations. Empirical orthogonal function analysis shows consistent spatiotemporal correspondence between OCO-2 SIF and GPP globally. A linear SIF-GPP relationship is also obtained at eddy-flux sites covering diverse biomes, setting the stage for future investigations of the robustness of such a relationship across more biomes. In conclusion, our findings support the central importance of high-quality satellite SIF for studying terrestrial carbon cycle dynamics.},
doi = {10.1126/science.aam5747},
journal = {Science},
number = 6360,
volume = 358,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1126/science.aam5747

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 56 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

A Continuous Satellite-Derived Measure of Global Terrestrial Primary Production
journal, January 2004


Assessing agricultural risks of climate change in the 21st century in a global gridded crop model intercomparison
journal, December 2013

  • Rosenzweig, Cynthia; Elliott, Joshua; Deryng, Delphine
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 111, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1222463110

Global and time-resolved monitoring of crop photosynthesis with chlorophyll fluorescence
journal, March 2014

  • Guanter, L.; Zhang, Y.; Jung, M.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 111, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1320008111

Sun-induced fluorescence - a new probe of photosynthesis: First maps from the imaging spectrometer  HyPlant
journal, September 2015

  • Rascher, U.; Alonso, L.; Burkart, A.
  • Global Change Biology, Vol. 21, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13017

Spatiotemporal patterns of terrestrial gross primary production: A review: GPP Spatiotemporal Patterns
journal, August 2015

  • Anav, Alessandro; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Beer, Christian
  • Reviews of Geophysics, Vol. 53, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015RG000483

Improving the monitoring of crop productivity using spaceborne solar-induced fluorescence
journal, November 2015

  • Guan, Kaiyu; Berry, Joseph A.; Zhang, Yongguang
  • Global Change Biology, Vol. 22, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13136

A linear method for the retrieval of sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence from GOME-2 and SCIAMACHY data
journal, January 2015

  • Köhler, P.; Guanter, L.; Joiner, J.
  • Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, Vol. 8, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.5194/amt-8-2589-2015

Interpreting seasonal changes in the carbon balance of southern Amazonia using measurements of XCO 2 and chlorophyll fluorescence from GOSAT : CARBON CYCLE OF SOUTHERN AMAZONIA
journal, June 2013

  • Parazoo, Nicholas C.; Bowman, Kevin; Frankenberg, Christian
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 40, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1002/grl.50452

Drought onset mechanisms revealed by satellite solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence: Insights from two contrasting extreme events: FLUORESCENCE AND DYNAMIC DROUGHT MONITOR
journal, November 2015

  • Sun, Ying; Fu, Rong; Dickinson, Robert
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Vol. 120, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015JG003150

Linking chlorophyll a fluorescence to photosynthesis for remote sensing applications: mechanisms and challenges
journal, May 2014

  • Porcar-Castell, Albert; Tyystjärvi, Esa; Atherton, Jon
  • Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol. 65, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1093/jxb/eru191

First observations of global and seasonal terrestrial chlorophyll fluorescence from space
journal, January 2011


Forest response to elevated CO2 is conserved across a broad range of productivity
journal, December 2005

  • Norby, R. J.; DeLucia, E. H.; Gielen, B.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 102, Issue 50
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0509478102

Chlorophyll Fluorescence and Photosynthesis: The Basics
journal, June 1991


Predicting carbon dioxide and energy fluxes across global FLUXNET sites with regression algorithms
journal, January 2016

  • Tramontana, Gianluca; Jung, Martin; Schwalm, Christopher R.
  • Biogeosciences, Vol. 13, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.5194/bg-13-4291-2016

Climate–Carbon Cycle Feedback Analysis: Results from the C 4 MIP Model Intercomparison
journal, July 2006

  • Friedlingstein, P.; Cox, P.; Betts, R.
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 19, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1175/JCLI3800.1

Satellite chlorophyll fluorescence measurements reveal large-scale decoupling of photosynthesis and greenness dynamics in boreal evergreen forests
journal, June 2016

  • Walther, Sophia; Voigt, Maximilian; Thum, Tea
  • Global Change Biology, Vol. 22, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13200

Multiscale analyses of solar-induced florescence and gross primary production: Multiscale GPP-SIF RELATIONS
journal, January 2017

  • Wood, Jeffrey D.; Griffis, Timothy J.; Baker, John M.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 44, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/2016GL070775

Effect of environmental conditions on the relationship between solar-induced fluorescence and gross primary productivity at an OzFlux grassland site: OCO SIF, MODIS, and GPP
journal, March 2017

  • Verma, Manish; Schimel, David; Evans, Bradley
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Vol. 122, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/2016JG003580

Terrestrial gross primary production inferred from satellite fluorescence and vegetation models
journal, July 2014

  • Parazoo, Nicholas C.; Bowman, Kevin; Fisher, Joshua B.
  • Global Change Biology, Vol. 20, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12652

New global observations of the terrestrial carbon cycle from GOSAT: Patterns of plant fluorescence with gross primary productivity: CHLOROPHYLL FLUORESCENCE FROM SPACE
journal, September 2011

  • Frankenberg, Christian; Fisher, Joshua B.; Worden, John
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 38, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1029/2011GL048738

Net carbon uptake has increased through warming-induced changes in temperate forest phenology
journal, June 2014

  • Keenan, Trevor F.; Gray, Josh; Friedl, Mark A.
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 4, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2253

Solar Radiation and Productivity in Tropical Ecosystems
journal, December 1972

  • Monteith, J. L.
  • The Journal of Applied Ecology, Vol. 9, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.2307/2401901

Retrieval and global assessment of terrestrial chlorophyll fluorescence from GOSAT space measurements
journal, June 2012


Prospects for chlorophyll fluorescence remote sensing from the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2
journal, May 2014

  • Frankenberg, Christian; O'Dell, Chris; Berry, Joseph
  • Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 147
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2014.02.007

Analysis of Red and Far-Red Sun-Induced Chlorophyll Fluorescence and Their Ratio in Different Canopies Based on Observed and Modeled Data
journal, May 2016

  • Rossini, Micol; Meroni, Michele; Celesti, Marco
  • Remote Sensing, Vol. 8, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.3390/rs8050412

Forest productivity and water stress in Amazonia: observations from GOSAT chlorophyll fluorescence
journal, June 2013

  • Lee, Jung-Eun; Frankenberg, Christian; van der Tol, Christiaan
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 280, Issue 1761
  • DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2013.0171

The FLuorescence EXplorer Mission Concept—ESA’s Earth Explorer 8
journal, March 2017

  • Drusch, Matthias; Moreno, Jose; Del Bello, Umberto
  • IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 55, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1109/TGRS.2016.2621820

Chlorophyll Fluorescence: A Probe of Photosynthesis In Vivo
journal, June 2008


A biochemical model of photosynthetic CO2 assimilation in leaves of C3 species
journal, June 1980

  • Farquhar, G. D.; von Caemmerer, S.; Berry, J. A.
  • Planta, Vol. 149, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF00386231

Connecting active to passive fluorescence with photosynthesis: a method for evaluating remote sensing measurements of Chl fluorescence
journal, June 2017

  • Magney, Troy S.; Frankenberg, Christian; Fisher, Joshua B.
  • New Phytologist, Vol. 215, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1111/nph.14662

Performance of a geostationary mission, geoCARB, to measure CO 2 , CH 4 and CO column-averaged concentrations
journal, January 2014

  • Polonsky, I. N.; O'Brien, D. M.; Kumer, J. B.
  • Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, Vol. 7, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.5194/amt-7-959-2014

Overview of the radiometric and biophysical performance of the MODIS vegetation indices
journal, November 2002


Observing terrestrial ecosystems and the carbon cycle from space
journal, February 2015

  • Schimel, David; Pavlick, Ryan; Fisher, Joshua B.
  • Global Change Biology, Vol. 21, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12822

Drought-Induced Reduction in Global Terrestrial Net Primary Production from 2000 Through 2009
journal, August 2010


The relationship between the quantum yield of photosynthetic electron transport and quenching of chlorophyll fluorescence
journal, January 1989

  • Genty, Bernard; Briantais, Jean-Marie; Baker, Neil R.
  • Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - General Subjects, Vol. 990, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0304-4165(89)80016-9

Evaluating the predictive power of sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence to estimate net photosynthesis of vegetation canopies: A SCOPE modeling study
journal, April 2016

  • Verrelst, Jochem; van der Tol, Christiaan; Magnani, Federico
  • Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 176
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2016.01.018

Simulated resilience of tropical rainforests to CO2-induced climate change
journal, March 2013

  • Huntingford, Chris; Zelazowski, Przemyslaw; Galbraith, David
  • Nature Geoscience, Vol. 6, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1038/ngeo1741

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Flux towers in the sky: global ecology from space
    journal, June 2019

    • Schimel, David; Schneider, Fabian D.
    • New Phytologist, Vol. 224, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1111/nph.15934