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Title: Perspective: Highly stable vapor-deposited glasses

Abstract

This paper describes recent progress in understanding highly stable glasses prepared by physical vapor deposition and provides perspective on further research directions for the field. For a given molecule, vapor-deposited glasses can have higher density and lower enthalpy than any glass that can be prepared by the more traditional route of cooling a liquid, and such glasses also exhibit greatly enhanced kinetic stability. Because vapor-deposited glasses can approach the bottom of the amorphous part of the potential energy landscape, they provide insights into the properties expected for the “ideal glass”. Connections between vapor-deposited glasses, liquid-cooled glasses, and deeply supercooled liquids are explored. The generality of stable glass formation for organic molecules is discussed along with the prospects for stable glasses of other types of materials.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Materials Sciences & Engineering Division; National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1434038
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1410887
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0002161; CHE-1564663; DMR-1720415
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Chemical Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 147; Journal Issue: 21; Journal ID: ISSN 0021-9606
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; stable glasses; kinetic stability; physical vapor deposition; dielectrics; enthalpy; entropy; phase transitions; thermodynamic properties; organic semiconductors; chemical compounds; amorphous solids

Citation Formats

Ediger, M. D. Perspective: Highly stable vapor-deposited glasses. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5006265.
Ediger, M. D. Perspective: Highly stable vapor-deposited glasses. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5006265.
Ediger, M. D. Thu . "Perspective: Highly stable vapor-deposited glasses". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5006265. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1434038.
@article{osti_1434038,
title = {Perspective: Highly stable vapor-deposited glasses},
author = {Ediger, M. D.},
abstractNote = {This paper describes recent progress in understanding highly stable glasses prepared by physical vapor deposition and provides perspective on further research directions for the field. For a given molecule, vapor-deposited glasses can have higher density and lower enthalpy than any glass that can be prepared by the more traditional route of cooling a liquid, and such glasses also exhibit greatly enhanced kinetic stability. Because vapor-deposited glasses can approach the bottom of the amorphous part of the potential energy landscape, they provide insights into the properties expected for the “ideal glass”. Connections between vapor-deposited glasses, liquid-cooled glasses, and deeply supercooled liquids are explored. The generality of stable glass formation for organic molecules is discussed along with the prospects for stable glasses of other types of materials.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5006265},
journal = {Journal of Chemical Physics},
number = 21,
volume = 147,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {12}
}

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    High‐Efficiency Deep‐Blue‐Emitting Organic Light‐Emitting Diodes Based on Iridium(III) Carbene Complexes
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    • Advanced Materials, Vol. 30, Issue 50
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    High‐Efficiency Deep‐Blue‐Emitting Organic Light‐Emitting Diodes Based on Iridium(III) Carbene Complexes
    journal, August 2018

    • Pal, Amlan K.; Krotkus, Simonas; Fontani, Mattia
    • Advanced Materials, Vol. 30, Issue 50
    • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201804231