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This content will become publicly available on March 7, 2019

Title: In Situ, Time-Resolved, and Mechanistic Studies of Metal–Organic Framework Nucleation and Growth

The vast chemical and structural diversity of metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) opens up the exciting possibility of “crystal engineering” MOFs tailored for particular catalytic or separation applications. Yet the process of reaction discovery, optimization, and scale-up of MOF synthesis remains extremely challenging, presenting significant obstacles to the synthetic realization of many otherwise promising MOF structures. Recently, significant new insights into the fundamental processes governing MOF nucleation and growth, as well as the relationship between reaction parameters and synthetic outcome, have been derived using powerful in situ, time-resolved and/or mechanistic studies of MOF crystallization. This Review provides a summary and associated critical analysis of the results of these and other related “direct” studies of MOF nucleation and growth, with a particular emphasis on the recent advances in instrument technologies that have enabled such studies and on the major hypotheses, theories, and models that have been used to explain MOF formation. We conclude with a summary of the major insights that have been gained from the work summarized in this Review, outlining our own perspective on potential fruitful new directions for investigation.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States). Theoretical Chemistry Inst. and Dept. of Chemistry
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0014059; DGE-1256259
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Chemical Reviews
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 118; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 0009-2665
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Science Foundation (NSF)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
OSTI Identifier:
1433911