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Title: Caloric effects in ferroic materials

Abstract

The fundamentals and applications of ferroic materials$-$ferromagnetic, ferroelectric, and ferroelastic$-$are common subjects discussed in just about every graduate course related to functional materials. Looking beyond today’s traditional uses, such as in permanent magnets, capacitors, and shape-memory alloys, there are worthwhile and interesting questions common to the caloric properties of these ferroic materials. Can ferroic materials be used in a cooling cycle? Why are these materials susceptible to external fields? Which combination of properties is required to make some of them suitable for efficient cooling and heat pumping? We address these questions in this introduction to ferroic cooling, which comprises magnetocaloric, electrocaloric, elastocaloric and barocaloric approaches and combinations thereof (i.e., multicalorics). These are addressed in greater detail in the articles in this issue.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. Leibniz Inst. for Solid State and Materials Research (IFW), Dresden (Germany)
  2. Ames Lab. and Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Ames Lab., Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; German Research Foundation (DFG)
OSTI Identifier:
1433675
Report Number(s):
IS-J-9637
Journal ID: ISSN 0883-7694; applab; PII: S0883769418000660
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11358
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
MRS Bulletin
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 43; Journal Issue: 04; Journal ID: ISSN 0883-7694
Publisher:
Materials Research Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Fahler, Sebastian, and Pecharsky, Vitalij K. Caloric effects in ferroic materials. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1557/mrs.2018.66.
Fahler, Sebastian, & Pecharsky, Vitalij K. Caloric effects in ferroic materials. United States. doi:10.1557/mrs.2018.66.
Fahler, Sebastian, and Pecharsky, Vitalij K. Sun . "Caloric effects in ferroic materials". United States. doi:10.1557/mrs.2018.66. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1433675.
@article{osti_1433675,
title = {Caloric effects in ferroic materials},
author = {Fahler, Sebastian and Pecharsky, Vitalij K.},
abstractNote = {The fundamentals and applications of ferroic materials$-$ferromagnetic, ferroelectric, and ferroelastic$-$are common subjects discussed in just about every graduate course related to functional materials. Looking beyond today’s traditional uses, such as in permanent magnets, capacitors, and shape-memory alloys, there are worthwhile and interesting questions common to the caloric properties of these ferroic materials. Can ferroic materials be used in a cooling cycle? Why are these materials susceptible to external fields? Which combination of properties is required to make some of them suitable for efficient cooling and heat pumping? We address these questions in this introduction to ferroic cooling, which comprises magnetocaloric, electrocaloric, elastocaloric and barocaloric approaches and combinations thereof (i.e., multicalorics). These are addressed in greater detail in the articles in this issue.},
doi = {10.1557/mrs.2018.66},
journal = {MRS Bulletin},
number = 04,
volume = 43,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Schematic illustration of the ferroic cooling cycle. (a) The field is applied on a ferroic material to induce a phase transition. For a magnetocaloric material this is a magnetic field, for ferroelectric materials an electric field, for ferroelastic shapememory alloys a mechanical stress field, and for barocaloric materialsmore » hydrostatic pressure. In the vicinity of the transition temperature, these fields increase the temperature of the ferroic material. (b) Heat is released to the external reservoir, which reduces the material’s temperature to ambient. (c) The field is switched off, which reduces the temperature of the ferroic material. (d) The sample is connected to a cold reservoir, extracting heat and closing the ferroic cooling cycle.« less

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