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This content will become publicly available on February 21, 2019

Title: Blue photon management by inhouse grown ZnO:Al cathode for enhanced photostability in polymer solar cells

Here, we report the improvement in photostability of P3HT:PC 60BM based bulk heterojunction solar cells deposited on Al-doped ZnO as a cathode layer replacing ITO as regularly used TCO in cells with N-I-P configuration. We experimentally and theoretically demonstrate that use of thicker ZnO:Al as cathode can successfully cut down the rate of photodegradation in short circuit current by ~40% and open circuit voltage by ~30% compared to the control device made on ITO based cathode. This effective reduction in photodegradation is understood to be coming from the absorption of ultraviolet and blue photon in the cathode layer itself. The loss in short circuit current due to the loss of blue photon in EQE is compensated by higher FF (lower series resistance) due to thicker ZnO:Al layer resulting in final device efficiency almost uncompromised with added benefit of reduced photo degradation. The experimental results are supported with optical simulations which show more absorption in the short wavelength region for the thicker ZnO films, compared to ITO films, deposited on glass substrates. This work also proposes using ZnO:Al cathode as a template for random textured front surface to potentially increase short circuit current by increase in photon absorption in active layermore » matrix by light scattering techniques. Our results provide an inexpensive pathway for improving the stability of organic photovoltaics without compromising the device performance.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [1]
  1. Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering; Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Microelectronics Research Center
  2. Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering; Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Microelectronics Research Center; Ames Lab., Ames, IA (United States)
  3. Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering; Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Microelectronics Research Center; Ames Lab., Ames, IA (United States); Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
IS-J-9617
Journal ID: ISSN 0927-0248; PII: S092702481830062X
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-07CH11358; CBET-1336134; AC02-05CH11231
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 179; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0927-0248
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Science Foundation (NSF)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; Organic solar cells; Photodegradation; Blue photons; Transparent conducting electrode; Light scattering; Optical simulations
OSTI Identifier:
1433663