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Title: Boundary Layer Height and Buoyancy Determine the Horizontal Scale of Convective Self-Aggregation

Abstract

Organized rainstorms and their associated overturning circulations can self-emerge over an ocean surface with uniform temperature in cloud-resolving simulations. This phenomenon is referred to as convective self-aggregation. Convective self-aggregation is argued to be an important building block for tropical weather systems and may help regulate tropical atmospheric humidity and thereby tropical climate stability. Here the author presents a boundary layer theory for the horizontal scale λ of 2D (x, z) convective self-aggregation by considering both the momentum and energy constraints for steady circulations. This theory suggests that λ scales with the product of the boundary layer height h and the square root of the amplitude of density variation between aggregated moist and dry regions in the boundary layer, and that this density variation mainly arises from the moisture variation due to the virtual effect of water vapor. Furthermore, this theory predicts the following: 1) the order of magnitude of λ is ~2000 km, 2) the aspect ratio of the boundary layer λ/h increases with surface warming, and 3) λ decreases when the virtual effect of water vapor is disabled. These predictions are confirmed using a sui te of cloud-resolving simulations spanning a wide range of climates.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
1433115
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 75; Journal Issue: 2; Related Information: © 2018 American Meteorological Society.; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-4928
Publisher:
American Meteorological Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; Atmosphere; Buoyancy; Convection; Boundary layer; Climate change; Cloud resolving models

Citation Formats

Yang, Da. Boundary Layer Height and Buoyancy Determine the Horizontal Scale of Convective Self-Aggregation. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. https://doi.org/10.1175/JAS-D-17-0150.1.
Yang, Da. Boundary Layer Height and Buoyancy Determine the Horizontal Scale of Convective Self-Aggregation. United States. https://doi.org/10.1175/JAS-D-17-0150.1
Yang, Da. Wed . "Boundary Layer Height and Buoyancy Determine the Horizontal Scale of Convective Self-Aggregation". United States. https://doi.org/10.1175/JAS-D-17-0150.1. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1433115.
@article{osti_1433115,
title = {Boundary Layer Height and Buoyancy Determine the Horizontal Scale of Convective Self-Aggregation},
author = {Yang, Da},
abstractNote = {Organized rainstorms and their associated overturning circulations can self-emerge over an ocean surface with uniform temperature in cloud-resolving simulations. This phenomenon is referred to as convective self-aggregation. Convective self-aggregation is argued to be an important building block for tropical weather systems and may help regulate tropical atmospheric humidity and thereby tropical climate stability. Here the author presents a boundary layer theory for the horizontal scale λ of 2D (x, z) convective self-aggregation by considering both the momentum and energy constraints for steady circulations. This theory suggests that λ scales with the product of the boundary layer height h and the square root of the amplitude of density variation between aggregated moist and dry regions in the boundary layer, and that this density variation mainly arises from the moisture variation due to the virtual effect of water vapor. Furthermore, this theory predicts the following: 1) the order of magnitude of λ is ~2000 km, 2) the aspect ratio of the boundary layer λ/h increases with surface warming, and 3) λ decreases when the virtual effect of water vapor is disabled. These predictions are confirmed using a sui te of cloud-resolving simulations spanning a wide range of climates.},
doi = {10.1175/JAS-D-17-0150.1},
journal = {Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences},
number = 2,
volume = 75,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {1}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Figures / Tables:

FIG. 1 FIG. 1: Schematics for convective self-aggregation. (top) The vertical structure of the overturning circulation, where arrows represent velocity vectors. (bottom) The pressure perturbation within the boundary layer.

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Works referenced in this record:

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    A budget for the size of convective self‐aggregation
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    Convective Heating Leads to Self‐Aggregation by Generating Available Potential Energy
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    Sensitivity of Convective Self‐Aggregation to Domain Size
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    • Patrizio, Casey R.; Randall, David A.
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