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Title: An automated design process for short pulse laser driven opacity experiments

Abstract

Stellar-relevant conditions can be reached by heating a buried layer target with a short pulse laser. Previous design studies of iron buried layer targets found that plasma conditions are dominantly controlled by the laser energy while the accuracy of the inferred opacity is limited by tamper emission and optical depth effects. In this paper, we developed a process to simultaneously optimize laser and target parameters to meet a variety of design goals. We explored two sets of design cases: a set focused on conditions relevant to the upper radiative zone of the sun (electron temperatures of 200 to 400 eV and densities greater than 1/10 of solid density) and a set focused on reaching temperatures consistent with deep within the radiative zone of the sun (500 to 1000 eV) at a fixed density. We found optimized designs for iron targets and determined that the appropriate dopant, for inferring plasma conditions, depends on the goal temperature: magnesium for up to 300 eV, aluminum for 300 to 500 eV, and sulfur for 500 to 1000 eV. The optimal laser energy and buried layer thickness increase with goal temperature. The accuracy of the inferred opacity is limited to between 11% and 31%, dependingmore » on the design. Finally, overall, short pulse laser heated iron experiments reaching stellar-relevant conditions have been designed with consideration of minimizing tamper emission and optical depth effects while meeting plasma condition and x-ray emission goals.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [2]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States). Nuclear Engineering Program. Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  3. Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States). Nuclear Engineering Program. Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1432970
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1549014
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-736425
Journal ID: ISSN 1574-1818; TRN: US1802801
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
High Energy Density Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 26; Journal ID: ISSN 1574-1818
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Martin, M. E., London, R. A., Goluoglu, S., and Whitley, H. D. An automated design process for short pulse laser driven opacity experiments. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hedp.2017.12.001.
Martin, M. E., London, R. A., Goluoglu, S., & Whitley, H. D. An automated design process for short pulse laser driven opacity experiments. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hedp.2017.12.001
Martin, M. E., London, R. A., Goluoglu, S., and Whitley, H. D. Thu . "An automated design process for short pulse laser driven opacity experiments". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hedp.2017.12.001. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1432970.
@article{osti_1432970,
title = {An automated design process for short pulse laser driven opacity experiments},
author = {Martin, M. E. and London, R. A. and Goluoglu, S. and Whitley, H. D.},
abstractNote = {Stellar-relevant conditions can be reached by heating a buried layer target with a short pulse laser. Previous design studies of iron buried layer targets found that plasma conditions are dominantly controlled by the laser energy while the accuracy of the inferred opacity is limited by tamper emission and optical depth effects. In this paper, we developed a process to simultaneously optimize laser and target parameters to meet a variety of design goals. We explored two sets of design cases: a set focused on conditions relevant to the upper radiative zone of the sun (electron temperatures of 200 to 400 eV and densities greater than 1/10 of solid density) and a set focused on reaching temperatures consistent with deep within the radiative zone of the sun (500 to 1000 eV) at a fixed density. We found optimized designs for iron targets and determined that the appropriate dopant, for inferring plasma conditions, depends on the goal temperature: magnesium for up to 300 eV, aluminum for 300 to 500 eV, and sulfur for 500 to 1000 eV. The optimal laser energy and buried layer thickness increase with goal temperature. The accuracy of the inferred opacity is limited to between 11% and 31%, depending on the design. Finally, overall, short pulse laser heated iron experiments reaching stellar-relevant conditions have been designed with consideration of minimizing tamper emission and optical depth effects while meeting plasma condition and x-ray emission goals.},
doi = {10.1016/j.hedp.2017.12.001},
journal = {High Energy Density Physics},
number = ,
volume = 26,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {12}
}

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