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Title: How hadron collider experiments contributed to the development of QCD: from hard-scattering to the perfect liquid

Abstract

A revolution in elementary particle physics occurred during the period from the ICHEP1968 to the ICHEP1982 with the advent of the parton model from discoveries in Deeply Inelastic electron-proton Scattering at SLAC, neutrino experiments, hard-scattering observed in p+p collisions at the CERN ISR, the development of QCD, the discovery of the J/Ψ at BNL and SLAC and the clear observation of high transverse momentum jets at the CERN SPS $$\bar{p}$$ + p collider. These and other discoveries in this period led to the acceptance of QCD as the theory of the strong interactions. The desire to understand nuclear physics at high density such as in neutron stars led to the application of QCD to this problem and to the prediction of a Quark-Gluon Plasma (QGP) in nuclei at high energy density and temperatures. This eventually led to the construction of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at BNL to observe superdense nuclear matter in the laboratory. This article discusses how experimental methods and results which confirmed QCD at the first hadron collider, the CERN ISR, played an important role in experiments at the first heavy ion collider, RHIC, leading to the discovery of the QGP as a perfect liquid as well as discoveries at RHIC and the LHC which continue to the present day.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Dept. of Physics
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26)
OSTI Identifier:
1431486
Report Number(s):
BNL-203455-2018-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 2102-6459; TRN: US1802650
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The European Physical Journal. H
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 43; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2102-6459
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Tannenbaum, M. J. How hadron collider experiments contributed to the development of QCD: from hard-scattering to the perfect liquid. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1140/epjh/e2017-80056-0.
Tannenbaum, M. J. How hadron collider experiments contributed to the development of QCD: from hard-scattering to the perfect liquid. United States. doi:10.1140/epjh/e2017-80056-0.
Tannenbaum, M. J. Tue . "How hadron collider experiments contributed to the development of QCD: from hard-scattering to the perfect liquid". United States. doi:10.1140/epjh/e2017-80056-0. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1431486.
@article{osti_1431486,
title = {How hadron collider experiments contributed to the development of QCD: from hard-scattering to the perfect liquid},
author = {Tannenbaum, M. J.},
abstractNote = {A revolution in elementary particle physics occurred during the period from the ICHEP1968 to the ICHEP1982 with the advent of the parton model from discoveries in Deeply Inelastic electron-proton Scattering at SLAC, neutrino experiments, hard-scattering observed in p+p collisions at the CERN ISR, the development of QCD, the discovery of the J/Ψ at BNL and SLAC and the clear observation of high transverse momentum jets at the CERN SPS $\bar{p}$ + p collider. These and other discoveries in this period led to the acceptance of QCD as the theory of the strong interactions. The desire to understand nuclear physics at high density such as in neutron stars led to the application of QCD to this problem and to the prediction of a Quark-Gluon Plasma (QGP) in nuclei at high energy density and temperatures. This eventually led to the construction of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at BNL to observe superdense nuclear matter in the laboratory. This article discusses how experimental methods and results which confirmed QCD at the first hadron collider, the CERN ISR, played an important role in experiments at the first heavy ion collider, RHIC, leading to the discovery of the QGP as a perfect liquid as well as discoveries at RHIC and the LHC which continue to the present day.},
doi = {10.1140/epjh/e2017-80056-0},
journal = {The European Physical Journal. H},
number = 2,
volume = 43,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {1}
}

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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: a) (left) F (ν/Q2) as a function of ω = ν/Q2 with values of Q2 indicated for θ = 6° [Panofsky 1968] b) (right) (d2σ /dΩdE')/σMott) in GeV-1 vs q2 for 3 values of W the invariant mass of the recoil hadron state, indicated, compared to (dσ/dΩ)elasticMott) wheremore » σMott = (4πα2 cos2 θ/2)/Q4, calculated for 10° [Breidenbach 1969].« less

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