skip to main content

DOE PAGESDOE PAGES

Title: Insights into the Adsorption of Carbon Dioxide in the Presence of Water Vapor Utilizing a Low Molecular Weight Polyethylenimine-Impregnated CARiACT Silica Sorbent

Thermogravimetric analysis was employed to investigate the CO 2 and H 2O adsorption rates and water vapor equilibrium on anhydrous and pre-hydrate linear polyethylenimine (LPEI) sorbent impregnated within a commercially functional CARiACT G10 (HPV) silica support. Water vapor experiments utilizing specific humidity of 2%, 8%, and 16% in contact with an anhydrous PEI sorbent resulted in proportional quantities of water vapor uptake. Subsequently, both anhydrous and pre-hydrated PEI-impregnated sorbents were made available to identical humidified gaseous streams containing a CO 2 concentration of 10% at 60oC. CO 2 capacity increased dramatically in the presence of different levels of humidity. Various kinetic models were systematically employed to interpret the experimental data including single and multiple-step models. The rate data was best represented by a reaction mechanism pathway involving the interplay of CO 2 with PEI-impregnated sorbents exhibited a quick adsorption phase followed by a slow approach to equilibrium. Moreover, a phenomenological rate model was developed to describe the dynamic H 2O and CO 2 uptakes at specific humidity levels studied. The kinetic study showed good agreement with experimental data. Furthermore, the effects observed during the adsorption and hydration are shown to be complementary to known chemical and physical transformations within themore » polyethylenimine’s macromolecule.« less
Authors:
 [1] ; ORCiD logo [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2]
  1. REM Engineering Services, Morgantown, WV (United States)
  2. National Energy Technology Lab. (NETL), Morgantown, WV (United States); National Energy Technology Lab. (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
NETL-PUB-21089
Journal ID: ISSN 0888-5885
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 56; Journal Issue: 32; Journal ID: ISSN 0888-5885
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
National Energy Technology Lab. (NETL), Morgantown, WV (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
20 FOSSIL-FUELED POWER PLANTS; CO2 capture
OSTI Identifier:
1431304

Monazam, Esmail R., Breault, Ronald W., Fauth, Daniel J., Shadle, Lawrence J., and Bayham, Samuel. Insights into the Adsorption of Carbon Dioxide in the Presence of Water Vapor Utilizing a Low Molecular Weight Polyethylenimine-Impregnated CARiACT Silica Sorbent. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1021/acs.iecr.7b01271.
Monazam, Esmail R., Breault, Ronald W., Fauth, Daniel J., Shadle, Lawrence J., & Bayham, Samuel. Insights into the Adsorption of Carbon Dioxide in the Presence of Water Vapor Utilizing a Low Molecular Weight Polyethylenimine-Impregnated CARiACT Silica Sorbent. United States. doi:10.1021/acs.iecr.7b01271.
Monazam, Esmail R., Breault, Ronald W., Fauth, Daniel J., Shadle, Lawrence J., and Bayham, Samuel. 2017. "Insights into the Adsorption of Carbon Dioxide in the Presence of Water Vapor Utilizing a Low Molecular Weight Polyethylenimine-Impregnated CARiACT Silica Sorbent". United States. doi:10.1021/acs.iecr.7b01271. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1431304.
@article{osti_1431304,
title = {Insights into the Adsorption of Carbon Dioxide in the Presence of Water Vapor Utilizing a Low Molecular Weight Polyethylenimine-Impregnated CARiACT Silica Sorbent},
author = {Monazam, Esmail R. and Breault, Ronald W. and Fauth, Daniel J. and Shadle, Lawrence J. and Bayham, Samuel},
abstractNote = {Thermogravimetric analysis was employed to investigate the CO2 and H2O adsorption rates and water vapor equilibrium on anhydrous and pre-hydrate linear polyethylenimine (LPEI) sorbent impregnated within a commercially functional CARiACT G10 (HPV) silica support. Water vapor experiments utilizing specific humidity of 2%, 8%, and 16% in contact with an anhydrous PEI sorbent resulted in proportional quantities of water vapor uptake. Subsequently, both anhydrous and pre-hydrated PEI-impregnated sorbents were made available to identical humidified gaseous streams containing a CO2 concentration of 10% at 60oC. CO2 capacity increased dramatically in the presence of different levels of humidity. Various kinetic models were systematically employed to interpret the experimental data including single and multiple-step models. The rate data was best represented by a reaction mechanism pathway involving the interplay of CO2 with PEI-impregnated sorbents exhibited a quick adsorption phase followed by a slow approach to equilibrium. Moreover, a phenomenological rate model was developed to describe the dynamic H2O and CO2 uptakes at specific humidity levels studied. The kinetic study showed good agreement with experimental data. Furthermore, the effects observed during the adsorption and hydration are shown to be complementary to known chemical and physical transformations within the polyethylenimine’s macromolecule.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.iecr.7b01271},
journal = {Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research},
number = 32,
volume = 56,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {7}
}