skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Nuclear science experiments with a bright neutron source from fusion reactions on the OMEGA Laser System

Abstract

Subnanosecond impulses of 1013 to 1014 neutrons, produced in direct-drive laser inertial confinement fusion implosions, have been used to irradiate deuterated targets at the OMEGA Laser System [T. R. Boehly et al., Opt. Commun. 133, 495 (1997)]. The target compounds include heavy water (D2O) and deuterated benzene (C6D6). Yields and energy spectra of neutrons from D(n,2n)p to study the breakup reaction have been measured at a forward angle of θlab = 3.5 degrees plus/minus 3.5 degrees with a sensitive, high-dynamic-range neutron time-of-flight spectrometer to infer the double-differential breakup cross section d2sigma/dEdomega for 14-MeV D–T fusion neutrons.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States). Lab. for Laser Energetics
  2. Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States). Lab. for Laser Energetics
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1431296
Report Number(s):
2017-218, 1387
Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002; PII: S0168900218301013
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0001944
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 888; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; deuterium breakup; neutron time of flight; inertial confinement fusion

Citation Formats

Forrest, C. J., Knauer, J. P., Schroeder, W. U., Glebov, V. Yu., Radha, P. B., Regan, S. P., Sangster, T. C., Sickles, M., Stoeckl, C., and Szczepanski, J. Nuclear science experiments with a bright neutron source from fusion reactions on the OMEGA Laser System. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2018.01.072.
Forrest, C. J., Knauer, J. P., Schroeder, W. U., Glebov, V. Yu., Radha, P. B., Regan, S. P., Sangster, T. C., Sickles, M., Stoeckl, C., & Szczepanski, J. Nuclear science experiments with a bright neutron source from fusion reactions on the OMEGA Laser System. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2018.01.072
Forrest, C. J., Knauer, J. P., Schroeder, W. U., Glebov, V. Yu., Radha, P. B., Regan, S. P., Sangster, T. C., Sickles, M., Stoeckl, C., and Szczepanski, J. Wed . "Nuclear science experiments with a bright neutron source from fusion reactions on the OMEGA Laser System". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2018.01.072. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1431296.
@article{osti_1431296,
title = {Nuclear science experiments with a bright neutron source from fusion reactions on the OMEGA Laser System},
author = {Forrest, C. J. and Knauer, J. P. and Schroeder, W. U. and Glebov, V. Yu. and Radha, P. B. and Regan, S. P. and Sangster, T. C. and Sickles, M. and Stoeckl, C. and Szczepanski, J.},
abstractNote = {Subnanosecond impulses of 1013 to 1014 neutrons, produced in direct-drive laser inertial confinement fusion implosions, have been used to irradiate deuterated targets at the OMEGA Laser System [T. R. Boehly et al., Opt. Commun. 133, 495 (1997)]. The target compounds include heavy water (D2O) and deuterated benzene (C6D6). Yields and energy spectra of neutrons from D(n,2n)p to study the breakup reaction have been measured at a forward angle of θlab = 3.5 degrees plus/minus 3.5 degrees with a sensitive, high-dynamic-range neutron time-of-flight spectrometer to infer the double-differential breakup cross section d2sigma/dEdomega for 14-MeV D–T fusion neutrons.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nima.2018.01.072},
journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment},
number = C,
volume = 888,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {1}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

A measurable Lawson criterion and hydro-equivalent curves for inertial confinement fusion
journal, October 2008

  • Zhou, C. D.; Betti, R.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 15, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2998604

Initial performance results of the OMEGA laser system
journal, January 1997


Laser Compression of Matter to Super-High Densities: Thermonuclear (CTR) Applications
journal, September 1972

  • Nuckolls, John; Wood, Lowell; Thiessen, Albert
  • Nature, Vol. 239, Issue 5368, p. 139-142
  • DOI: 10.1038/239139a0

Exploding pusher performance − A theoretical model
journal, January 1979

  • Rosen, M. D.; Nuckolls, J. H.
  • Physics of Fluids, Vol. 22, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.862752

Measurement of the neutron-induced deuteron breakup reaction cross-section between 5 and 25 MeV
journal, June 2012


The three-body problem in nuclear physics
journal, May 1970


High-dynamic-range neutron time-of-flight detector used to infer the D(t,n)4He and D(d,n)3He reaction yield and ion temperature on OMEGA
journal, August 2016

  • Forrest, C. J.; Glebov, V. Yu.; Goncharov, V. N.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 87, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4960412

A theoretical interpretation of exploding pusher laser fusion experiments
journal, May 1979


Laser‐induced thermonuclear fusion
journal, August 1973

  • Nuckolls, John; Emmett, John; Wood, Lowell
  • Physics Today, Vol. 26, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3128183

Neutron temporal diagnostic for high-yield deuterium–tritium cryogenic implosions on OMEGA
journal, May 2016

  • Stoeckl, C.; Boni, R.; Ehrne, F.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 87, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4948293

High-resolution spectroscopy used to measure inertial confinement fusion neutron spectra on Omega (invited)
journal, October 2012

  • Forrest, C. J.; Radha, P. B.; Glebov, V. Yu.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 83, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4742926

A gated liquid-scintillator-based neutron detector for fast-ignitor experiments and down-scattered neutron measurements
journal, October 2010

  • Stoeckl, C.; Cruz, M.; Glebov, V. Yu.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 81, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3466899

Low-Afterglow, High-Refractive-Index Liquid Scintillators for Fast-Neutron Spectrometry and Imaging Applications
journal, June 2009

  • Lauck, Ronald; Brandis, Michal; Bromberger, Benjamin
  • IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 56, Issue 3, p. 989-993
  • DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2008.2009449

ENDF/B-VII.0: Next Generation Evaluated Nuclear Data Library for Nuclear Science and Technology
journal, December 2006


Analysis of response data for several organic scintillators
journal, April 1970


Calibration of an organic scintillator for neutron spectrometry
journal, October 1968


The National Ignition Facility neutron time-of-flight system and its initial performance (invited)
journal, October 2010

  • Glebov, V. Yu.; Sangster, T. C.; Stoeckl, C.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 81, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3492351

Absolute calibration method for laser megajoule neutron yield measurement by activation diagnostics
journal, July 2011

  • Landoas, Olivier; Yu Glebov, Vladimir; Rossé, Bertrand
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 82, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3605485

Fusion neutron energies and spectra
journal, July 1973


A method for in situ absolute DD yield calibration of neutron time-of-flight detectors on OMEGA using CR-39-based proton detectors
journal, May 2015

  • Waugh, C. J.; Rosenberg, M. J.; Zylstra, A. B.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 86, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4919290

Aufbruch von deuteronen mit 14.1 MeV neutronen
journal, September 1968


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Deuteron breakup induced by 14-MeV neutrons from inertial confinement fusion
    journal, September 2019