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Title: Correlation between failure and local material property in chopped carbon fiber chip-reinforced sheet molding compound composites under tensile load

To develop further understanding towards the role of a heterogeneous microstructure on tensile crack initiation and failure behavior in chopped carbon fiber chip-reinforced composites, uni-axial tensile tests are performed on coupons cut from compression molded plaque with varying directions. Our experimental results indicate that failure initiation is relevant to the strain localization, and a new criterion with the nominal modulus to predict the failure location is proposed based on the strain analysis. Furthermore, optical microscopic images show that the nominal modulus is determined by the chip orientation distribution. At the area with low nominal modulus, it is found that chips are mostly aligning along directions transverse to loading direction and/or less concentrated, while at the area with high nominal modulus, more chips are aligning to tensile direction. On the basis of failure mechanism analysis, it is concluded that transversely-oriented chips or resin-rich regions are easier for damage initiation, while longitudinally-oriented chips postpone the fracture. Good agreement is found among failure mechanism, strain localization and chip orientation distribution.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [4] ; ORCiD logo [1] ;  [5] ;  [4] ;  [4]
  1. Nanjing Univ. of Aeronautics and Astronautics (China). Jiangsu Province Key Lab. of Aerospace Power System and College of Energy and Power Engineering
  2. Chongqing Univ. (China). State Key Lab. of Mechanical Transmission
  3. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
  4. Ford Motor Company, Dearborn, MI (United States). Research and Innovation Center
  5. Univ. of Michigan, Dearborn, MI (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Polymer Composites
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Polymer Composites; Journal ID: ISSN 0272-8397
Research Org:
Ford Motor Company, Dearborn, MI (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 42 ENGINEERING; chopped carbon fiber chip-reinforced composite; sheet molding compound; failure; strain localization; microstructure
OSTI Identifier: