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Title: On the evaluation of silicon photomultipliers for use as photosensors in liquid xenon detectors

Abstract

Silicon photomultipliers (SiPMs) are potential solid-state alternatives to traditional photomultiplier tubes (PMTs) for single-photon detection. In this paper, we report on evaluating SensL MicroFC-10035-SMT SiPMs for their suitability as PMT alternatives. The devices were successfully operated in a liquid-xenon detector, which demonstrates that SiPMs can be used in noble element time projection chambers as photosensors. The devices were also cooled down to 170 K to observe dark count dependence on temperature. No dependencies on the direction of an applied 3.2 kV/cm electric field were observed with respect to dark-count rate, gain, or photon detection efficiency.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States); Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Nuclear Science and Security Consortium
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation (NA-20)
OSTI Identifier:
1431019
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1405176
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0000979; NA0003180
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Instrumentation
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 13; Journal Issue: 03; Conference: LIDINE 2017: LIght Detection In Noble Elements, SLAC National Laboratory, 9/22-17-9/24/17; Journal ID: ISSN 1748-0221
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; Photon detectors for UV; visible and IR photons (solid-state); Time projection Chambers (TPC); Detector modelling and simulations II

Citation Formats

Godfrey, B., Anderson, T., Breedon, E., Cutter, J., Dhaliwal, N., Dalager, O., Hillbrand, S., Irving, M., Manalaysay, A., Montoya, J., Morad, J., Neher, C., Stolp, D., Tripathi, M., and Wilson, R. On the evaluation of silicon photomultipliers for use as photosensors in liquid xenon detectors. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/13/03/C03041.
Godfrey, B., Anderson, T., Breedon, E., Cutter, J., Dhaliwal, N., Dalager, O., Hillbrand, S., Irving, M., Manalaysay, A., Montoya, J., Morad, J., Neher, C., Stolp, D., Tripathi, M., & Wilson, R. On the evaluation of silicon photomultipliers for use as photosensors in liquid xenon detectors. United States. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/13/03/C03041.
Godfrey, B., Anderson, T., Breedon, E., Cutter, J., Dhaliwal, N., Dalager, O., Hillbrand, S., Irving, M., Manalaysay, A., Montoya, J., Morad, J., Neher, C., Stolp, D., Tripathi, M., and Wilson, R. Mon . "On the evaluation of silicon photomultipliers for use as photosensors in liquid xenon detectors". United States. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/13/03/C03041. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1431019.
@article{osti_1431019,
title = {On the evaluation of silicon photomultipliers for use as photosensors in liquid xenon detectors},
author = {Godfrey, B. and Anderson, T. and Breedon, E. and Cutter, J. and Dhaliwal, N. and Dalager, O. and Hillbrand, S. and Irving, M. and Manalaysay, A. and Montoya, J. and Morad, J. and Neher, C. and Stolp, D. and Tripathi, M. and Wilson, R.},
abstractNote = {Silicon photomultipliers (SiPMs) are potential solid-state alternatives to traditional photomultiplier tubes (PMTs) for single-photon detection. In this paper, we report on evaluating SensL MicroFC-10035-SMT SiPMs for their suitability as PMT alternatives. The devices were successfully operated in a liquid-xenon detector, which demonstrates that SiPMs can be used in noble element time projection chambers as photosensors. The devices were also cooled down to 170 K to observe dark count dependence on temperature. No dependencies on the direction of an applied 3.2 kV/cm electric field were observed with respect to dark-count rate, gain, or photon detection efficiency.},
doi = {10.1088/1748-0221/13/03/C03041},
journal = {Journal of Instrumentation},
number = 03,
volume = 13,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {3}
}

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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: A schematic depiction of a section of the TPC volume. SiPMs, tiled on field-shaping rings that form the cylindrical shell of a TPC chamber, allow for increased light detection coverage.

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