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Title: Hf-W chronology of CR chondrites: Implications for the timescales of chondrule formation and the distribution of 26Al in the solar nebula

The CR chondrites are distinct from most other chondrites in having younger chondrule 26Al- 26Mg ages, but the significance of these ages and whether they reflect true formation times or a heterogeneous distribution of 26Al are not well understood. To better determine the timescales of CR chondrule formation and CR chondrite parent body accretion, we obtained Hf-W isotopic data for metal, silicate, and chondrule separates from four CR chondrites. We also obtained Mo isotopic data for the same samples, to assess potential genetic links among the components of CR chondrites, and between these components and bulk chondrites. The isotopic data demonstrate that metal and silicate in CR chondrites exhibit distinct nucleosynthetic W and Mo isotope anomalies, caused by the heterogeneous distribution of a single presolar s-process carrier. These isotope signatures are akin to the complementary anomalies found previously for chondrules and matrix in CV chondrites and indicate that the major components of CR chondrites are genetically linked and formed from a common reservoir of solar nebula dust. The obtained Hf-W age of 3.6±0.6 million years (Ma) after the formation of Ca-Al-rich inclusions (CAIs) most likely dates metal-silicate separation during chondrule formation and is consistent with Al-Mg and Pb-Pb ages formore » CR chondrules, indicating that CR chondrules formed ~1–2 Ma later than chondrules from most other chondrite groups. Moreover, chemical, isotopic, and chronological data imply close temporal link between chondrule formation and chondrite accretion, making the CR chondrite parent body one of the youngest meteorite parent bodies. Such a late accretion at ~3.6 Ma after CAIs is consistent with isotopic composition of CR chondrites (e.g., 15N/ 14N) that is indicative of a formation at a larger heliocentric distance, probably beyond the orbit of Jupiter. As such, the accretion age of the CR parent body provides the earliest possible time at which Jupiter could have migrated inwards, leading to scattering of carbonaceous meteorite parent bodies into the inner solar system. Finally, the concordant Hf-W and Al- Mg ages for CR chondrules, combined with Hf-W and Al-Mg data for bulk CAIs, angrites, and CV chondrules, provide strong evidence for a disk-wide, homogeneous distribution of 26Al in the early solar system.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Munster (Germany)
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Univ. of Munster (Germany)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0016-7037
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 222; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0016-7037
The Geochemical Society; The Meteoritical Society
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
OSTI Identifier: