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Title: Measuring short-term post-fire forest recovery across a burn severity gradient in a mixed pine-oak forest using multi-sensor remote sensing techniques

Understanding post-fire forest recovery is pivotal to the study of forest dynamics and global carbon cycle. Field-based studies indicated a convex response of forest recovery rate to burn severity at the individual tree level, related with fire-induced tree mortality; however, these findings were constrained in spatial/temporal extents, while not detectable by traditional optical remote sensing studies, largely attributing to the contaminated effect from understory recovery. For this work, we examined whether the combined use of multi-sensor remote sensing techniques (i.e., 1m simultaneous airborne imaging spectroscopy and LiDAR and 2m satellite multi-spectral imagery) to separate canopy recovery from understory recovery would enable to quantify post-fire forest recovery rate spanning a large gradient in burn severity over large-scales. Our study was conducted in a mixed pine-oak forest in Long Island, NY, three years after a top-killing fire. Our studies remotely detected an initial increase and then decline of forest recovery rate to burn severity across the burned area, with a maximum canopy area-based recovery rate of 10% per year at moderate forest burn severity class. More intriguingly, such remotely detected convex relationships also held at species level, with pine trees being more resilient to high burn severity and having a higher maximummore » recovery rate (12% per year) than oak trees (4% per year). These results are one of the first quantitative evidences showing the effects of fire adaptive strategies on post-fire forest recovery, derived from relatively large spatial-temporal domains. Our study thus provides the methodological advance to link multi-sensor remote sensing techniques to monitor forest dynamics in a spatially explicit manner over large-scales, with important implications for fire-related forest management, and for constraining/benchmarking fire effect schemes in ecological process models.« less
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [1]
  1. Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Environmental and Climate Sciences Dept.
  2. Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States). Dept. of Geographical Sciences
  3. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), Greenbelt, MD (United States). Biospheric Sciences Branch
  4. USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry (NA S&PF), Durham, NH (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
BNL-203373-2018-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 0034-4257
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0012704
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Remote Sensing of Environment
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 210; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-4257
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA); New York Statewide Digital Orthoimagery Program (NYSDOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; 59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; Burn severity; Species-specific post-fire responses; Fire adaptive strategies; WorldView-2; Vegetation classification; Hyperspectral data; Forest composition and structure
OSTI Identifier:
1430853