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Title: Scalable fabrication of perovskite solar cells

Perovskite materials use earth-abundant elements, have low formation energies for deposition and are compatible with roll-to-roll and other high-volume manufacturing techniques. These features make perovskite solar cells (PSCs) suitable for terawatt-scale energy production with low production costs and low capital expenditure. Demonstrations of performance comparable to that of other thin-film photovoltaics (PVs) and improvements in laboratory-scale cell stability have recently made scale up of this PV technology an intense area of research focus. Here, we review recent progress and challenges in scaling up PSCs and related efforts to enable the terawatt-scale manufacturing and deployment of this PV technology. We discuss common device and module architectures, scalable deposition methods and progress in the scalable deposition of perovskite and charge-transport layers. We also provide an overview of device and module stability, module-level characterization techniques and techno-economic analyses of perovskite PV modules.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5900-70427
Journal ID: ISSN 2058-8437
Grant/Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Reviews. Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 3; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 2058-8437
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Solar Energy Technologies Office (EE-4S); USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), NREL Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; materials chemistry; solar cells; perovskites
OSTI Identifier:
1430821

Li, Zhen, Klein, Talysa R., Kim, Dong Hoe, Yang, Mengjin, Berry, Joseph J., van Hest, Maikel F.A.M., and Zhu, Kai. Scalable fabrication of perovskite solar cells. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1038/natrevmats.2018.17.
Li, Zhen, Klein, Talysa R., Kim, Dong Hoe, Yang, Mengjin, Berry, Joseph J., van Hest, Maikel F.A.M., & Zhu, Kai. Scalable fabrication of perovskite solar cells. United States. doi:10.1038/natrevmats.2018.17.
Li, Zhen, Klein, Talysa R., Kim, Dong Hoe, Yang, Mengjin, Berry, Joseph J., van Hest, Maikel F.A.M., and Zhu, Kai. 2018. "Scalable fabrication of perovskite solar cells". United States. doi:10.1038/natrevmats.2018.17.
@article{osti_1430821,
title = {Scalable fabrication of perovskite solar cells},
author = {Li, Zhen and Klein, Talysa R. and Kim, Dong Hoe and Yang, Mengjin and Berry, Joseph J. and van Hest, Maikel F.A.M. and Zhu, Kai},
abstractNote = {Perovskite materials use earth-abundant elements, have low formation energies for deposition and are compatible with roll-to-roll and other high-volume manufacturing techniques. These features make perovskite solar cells (PSCs) suitable for terawatt-scale energy production with low production costs and low capital expenditure. Demonstrations of performance comparable to that of other thin-film photovoltaics (PVs) and improvements in laboratory-scale cell stability have recently made scale up of this PV technology an intense area of research focus. Here, we review recent progress and challenges in scaling up PSCs and related efforts to enable the terawatt-scale manufacturing and deployment of this PV technology. We discuss common device and module architectures, scalable deposition methods and progress in the scalable deposition of perovskite and charge-transport layers. We also provide an overview of device and module stability, module-level characterization techniques and techno-economic analyses of perovskite PV modules.},
doi = {10.1038/natrevmats.2018.17},
journal = {Nature Reviews. Materials},
number = 4,
volume = 3,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {3}
}

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