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Title: Light chiral dark sector

Abstract

An interesting possibility for dark matter is a scalar particle of mass of order 10 MeV-1 GeV, interacting with a U(1) gauge boson (dark photon) which mixes with the photon. We present a simple and natural model realizing this possibility. The dark matter arises as a composite pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone boson (dark pion) in a non-Abelian gauge sector, which also gives a mass to the dark photon. For a fixed non-Abelian gauge group, SU(N), and a U(1) charge of the constituent dark quarks, the model has only three free parameters: the dynamical scale of the non-Abelian gauge theory, the gauge coupling of the dark photon, and the mixing parameter between the dark and standard model photons. In particular, the gauge symmetry of the model does not allow any mass term for the dark quarks, and the stability of the dark pion is understood as a result of an accidental global symmetry. The model has a significant parameter space in which thermal relic dark pions comprise all of the dark matter, consistently with all experimental and cosmological constraints. In a corner of the parameter space, the discrepancy of the muon g-2 between experiments and the standard model prediction can also be ameliorated duemore » to a loop contribution of the dark photon. Smoking-gun signatures of the model include a monophoton signal from the e +e - collision into a photon and a "dark rho meson." Observation of two processes in e +e - collision - the mode into the dark photon and that into the dark rho meson - would provide strong evidence for the model.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1]
  1. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Theoretical Physics Group
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1430673
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1290311
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 94; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Harigaya, Keisuke, and Nomura, Yasunori. Light chiral dark sector. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.94.035013.
Harigaya, Keisuke, & Nomura, Yasunori. Light chiral dark sector. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.94.035013.
Harigaya, Keisuke, and Nomura, Yasunori. Thu . "Light chiral dark sector". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.94.035013. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1430673.
@article{osti_1430673,
title = {Light chiral dark sector},
author = {Harigaya, Keisuke and Nomura, Yasunori},
abstractNote = {An interesting possibility for dark matter is a scalar particle of mass of order 10 MeV-1 GeV, interacting with a U(1) gauge boson (dark photon) which mixes with the photon. We present a simple and natural model realizing this possibility. The dark matter arises as a composite pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone boson (dark pion) in a non-Abelian gauge sector, which also gives a mass to the dark photon. For a fixed non-Abelian gauge group, SU(N), and a U(1) charge of the constituent dark quarks, the model has only three free parameters: the dynamical scale of the non-Abelian gauge theory, the gauge coupling of the dark photon, and the mixing parameter between the dark and standard model photons. In particular, the gauge symmetry of the model does not allow any mass term for the dark quarks, and the stability of the dark pion is understood as a result of an accidental global symmetry. The model has a significant parameter space in which thermal relic dark pions comprise all of the dark matter, consistently with all experimental and cosmological constraints. In a corner of the parameter space, the discrepancy of the muon g-2 between experiments and the standard model prediction can also be ameliorated due to a loop contribution of the dark photon. Smoking-gun signatures of the model include a monophoton signal from the e+e- collision into a photon and a "dark rho meson." Observation of two processes in e+e- collision - the mode into the dark photon and that into the dark rho meson - would provide strong evidence for the model.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.94.035013},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 3,
volume = 94,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {8}
}

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