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Title: Bino variations: Effective field theory methods for dark matter direct detection

Abstract

We apply effective field theory methods to compute bino-nucleon scattering, in the case where tree-level interactions are suppressed and the leading contribution is at loop order via heavy flavor squarks or sleptons. We find that leading log corrections to fixed-order calculations can increase the bino mass reach of direct detection experiments by a factor of 2 in some models. These effects are particularly large for the bino-sbottom coannihilation region, where bino dark matter as heavy as 5–10 TeV may be detected by near future experiments. For the case of stop- and selectron-loop mediated scattering, an experiment reaching the neutrino background will probe thermal binos as heavy as 500 and 300 GeV, respectively. We present three key examples that illustrate in detail the framework for determining weak scale coefficients, and for mapping onto a low-energy theory at hadronic scales, through a sequence of effective theories and renormalization group evolution. For the case of a squark degenerate with the bino, we extend the framework to include a squark degree of freedom at low energies using heavy particle effective theory, thus accounting for large logarithms through a “heavy-light current.” Finally, benchmark predictions for scattering cross sections are evaluated, including complete leading order matchingmore » onto quark and gluon operators, and a systematic treatment of perturbative and hadronic uncertainties.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [3]
  1. Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States). Enrico Fermi Inst., Dept. of Physics
  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Theoretical Physics Group; Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Berkeley Center for Theoretical Physics; Univ. de Sao, Sao Paulo (Brazil). Inst. de Fisica
  3. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Theoretical Physics Group; Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Berkeley Center for Theoretical Physics
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1430670
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1252353
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 93; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS

Citation Formats

Berlin, Asher, Robertson, Denis S., Solon, Mikhail P., and Zurek, Kathryn M. Bino variations: Effective field theory methods for dark matter direct detection. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.93.095008.
Berlin, Asher, Robertson, Denis S., Solon, Mikhail P., & Zurek, Kathryn M. Bino variations: Effective field theory methods for dark matter direct detection. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.93.095008.
Berlin, Asher, Robertson, Denis S., Solon, Mikhail P., and Zurek, Kathryn M. Tue . "Bino variations: Effective field theory methods for dark matter direct detection". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.93.095008. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1430670.
@article{osti_1430670,
title = {Bino variations: Effective field theory methods for dark matter direct detection},
author = {Berlin, Asher and Robertson, Denis S. and Solon, Mikhail P. and Zurek, Kathryn M.},
abstractNote = {We apply effective field theory methods to compute bino-nucleon scattering, in the case where tree-level interactions are suppressed and the leading contribution is at loop order via heavy flavor squarks or sleptons. We find that leading log corrections to fixed-order calculations can increase the bino mass reach of direct detection experiments by a factor of 2 in some models. These effects are particularly large for the bino-sbottom coannihilation region, where bino dark matter as heavy as 5–10 TeV may be detected by near future experiments. For the case of stop- and selectron-loop mediated scattering, an experiment reaching the neutrino background will probe thermal binos as heavy as 500 and 300 GeV, respectively. We present three key examples that illustrate in detail the framework for determining weak scale coefficients, and for mapping onto a low-energy theory at hadronic scales, through a sequence of effective theories and renormalization group evolution. For the case of a squark degenerate with the bino, we extend the framework to include a squark degree of freedom at low energies using heavy particle effective theory, thus accounting for large logarithms through a “heavy-light current.” Finally, benchmark predictions for scattering cross sections are evaluated, including complete leading order matching onto quark and gluon operators, and a systematic treatment of perturbative and hadronic uncertainties.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.93.095008},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 9,
volume = 93,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {5}
}

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Cited by: 9 works
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