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This content will become publicly available on March 22, 2019

Title: Residual stress evaluation of components produced via direct metal laser sintering

Direct metal laser sintering is an additive manufacturing process which is capable of fabricating three-dimensional components using a laser energy source and metal powder particles. Despite the numerous benefits offered by this technology, the process maturity is low with respect to traditional subtractive manufacturing methods. Relationships between key processing parameters and final part properties are generally lacking and require further development. In this study, residual stresses were evaluated as a function of key process variables. The variables evaluated included laser scan strategy and build plate preheat temperature. Residual stresses were measured experimentally via neutron diffraction and computationally via finite element analysis. Good agreement was shown between the experimental and computational results. Results showed variations in the residual stress profile as a function of laser scan strategy. Compressive stresses were dominant along the build height (z) direction, and tensile stresses were dominant in the x and y directions. Build plate preheating was shown to be an effective method for alleviating residual stress due to the reduction in thermal gradient.
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [2] ; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. The Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States). Welding Engineering Program, Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Neutron Scattering Division
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Welding in the World
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Welding in the World; Journal ID: ISSN 0043-2288
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Additive manufacturing; Direct metal laser sintering; Residual stress; Neutron diffraction; SYSWELD
OSTI Identifier: