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Title: New Rh 2 (II,II) Complexes for Solar Energy Applications: Panchromatic Absorption and Excited-State Reactivity

In this work, the new heteroleptic paddlewheel complexes cis-[Rh 2(μ-form) 2(μ-np) 2][BF 4] 2, where form = p-ditolylformamidinate (DTolF) or p-difluorobenzylformamidinate (F-form) and np = 1,8-napthyridyine, and cis-Rh 2(μ-form) 2(μ-npCOO) 2 (npCOO = 1,8-naphthyridine-2-carboxylate), were synthesized and characterized. The complexes absorb strongly throughout the ultraviolet (λ max = 300 nm, ε = 20 300 M –1 cm –1) and visible regions (λ max = 640 nm ε = 3500 M –1 cm –1), making them potentially useful new dyes with panchromatic light absorption for solar energy conversion applications. Ultrafast and nanosecond transient absorption and time-resolved infrared spectroscopies were used to characterize the identity and dynamics of the excited states, where singlet and triplet Rh 2/form-to-naphthyridine, metal/ligand-to-ligand charge-transfer (ML-LCT) excited states were observed in all four complexes. The npCOO complexes exhibit red-shifted absorption profiles extending into the near-IR and undergo photoinitiated electron transfer to generate reduced methyl viologen, a species that persists in the presence of a sacrificial donor. The energy of the triplet excited state of each complex was estimated from energy-transfer quenching experiments using a series of organic triplet donors (E( 3ππ*) from 1.83 to 0.78 eV). The singlet reduction (+0.6 V vs Ag/AgCl) potentials, and singletmore » and triplet oxidation potentials (-1.1 and -0.5 V vs Ag/AgCl, respectively) were determined. Finally, based on the excited-state lifetimes and redox properties, these complexes represent a new class of light absorbers with potential application as dyes for charge injection into semiconductor solar cells and in sensitizer-catalyst assemblies for photocatalysis that operate with irradiation from the ultraviolet to ~800 nm.« less
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  1. The Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States). Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 139; Journal Issue: 41; Journal ID: ISSN 0002-7863
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
The Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; Dirhodium; naphthyridine; light absorption; time-resolved; excited state; infrared spectroscopy
OSTI Identifier: