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Title: Highly flexible, freestanding tandem sulfur cathodes for foldable Li–S batteries with a high areal capacity

Abstract

Li–S batteries with a high theoretical capacity are considered as the most promising candidate to satisfy the increasing demand for batteries with a high areal capacity. However, the low sulfur loading (<2 mg cm -2) and poor flexibility of current Li–S batteries limit their application in establishing foldable Li–S batteries with a high areal capacity. Here, to solve this problem, we employ here a free-standing flexible tandem sulfur cathode with a remarkably high sulfur loading to demonstrate foldable, high-areal-capacity Li–S batteries. The design of the tandem cathode readily increases the sulfur loading and effectively retards the migration of polysulfides. Therefore, the Li–S cell employing the tandem cathode exhibits a high initial areal capacity of 12.3 mA h cm -2 with stable cycling stability even with a high sulfur loading of up to 16 mg cm -2. These tandem cathodes are promising for foldable Li–S cells with a high areal capacity and energy density.

Authors:
 [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). Materials Science and Engineering Program & Texas Materials Inst.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1430181
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1429341; OSTI ID: 1487272
Grant/Contract Number:  
EE0007218
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Materials Horizons
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 4; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2051-6347
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE

Citation Formats

Chang, Chi-Hao, Chung, Sheng-Heng, and Manthiram, Arumugam. Highly flexible, freestanding tandem sulfur cathodes for foldable Li–S batteries with a high areal capacity. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1039/c6mh00426a.
Chang, Chi-Hao, Chung, Sheng-Heng, & Manthiram, Arumugam. Highly flexible, freestanding tandem sulfur cathodes for foldable Li–S batteries with a high areal capacity. United States. doi:10.1039/c6mh00426a.
Chang, Chi-Hao, Chung, Sheng-Heng, and Manthiram, Arumugam. Thu . "Highly flexible, freestanding tandem sulfur cathodes for foldable Li–S batteries with a high areal capacity". United States. doi:10.1039/c6mh00426a. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1430181.
@article{osti_1430181,
title = {Highly flexible, freestanding tandem sulfur cathodes for foldable Li–S batteries with a high areal capacity},
author = {Chang, Chi-Hao and Chung, Sheng-Heng and Manthiram, Arumugam},
abstractNote = {Li–S batteries with a high theoretical capacity are considered as the most promising candidate to satisfy the increasing demand for batteries with a high areal capacity. However, the low sulfur loading (<2 mg cm-2) and poor flexibility of current Li–S batteries limit their application in establishing foldable Li–S batteries with a high areal capacity. Here, to solve this problem, we employ here a free-standing flexible tandem sulfur cathode with a remarkably high sulfur loading to demonstrate foldable, high-areal-capacity Li–S batteries. The design of the tandem cathode readily increases the sulfur loading and effectively retards the migration of polysulfides. Therefore, the Li–S cell employing the tandem cathode exhibits a high initial areal capacity of 12.3 mA h cm-2 with stable cycling stability even with a high sulfur loading of up to 16 mg cm-2. These tandem cathodes are promising for foldable Li–S cells with a high areal capacity and energy density.},
doi = {10.1039/c6mh00426a},
journal = {Materials Horizons},
number = 2,
volume = 4,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {1}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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Cited by: 27 works
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Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1 Fig. 1: Schematic of the tandem cathode preparation process.

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      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.