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Title: Quantitative Analysis of Electrochemical and Electrode Stability with Low Self-Discharge Lithium-Sulfur Batteries

The viability of employing high-capacity sulfur cathodes in building high-energy-density lithium-sulfur batteries is limited by rapid self-discharge, short shelf life, and severe structural degradation during cell resting (static instability). Unfortunately, the static instability has largely been ignored in the literature. We present in this letter a longterm self-discharge study by quantitatively analyzing the control lithium-sulfur batteries with a conventional cathode configuration, which provides meaningful insights into the cathode failure mechanisms during resting. Lastly, utilizing the understanding obtained with the control cells, we design and present low self-discharge (LSD) lithium-sulfur batteries for investigating the long-term self-discharge effect and electrode stability.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). Materials Science and Engineering Program & Texas Materials Inst.
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
EE0007218
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 24; Journal ID: ISSN 1944-8244
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States); Univ. of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; Lithium; sulfur batteries; self-discharge; shelf-life; electrode stability; electrochemistry
OSTI Identifier:
1430179
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1487456; OSTI ID: 1487457; OSTI ID: 1487458

Chung, Sheng-Heng, Han, Pauline, and Manthiram, Arumugam. Quantitative Analysis of Electrochemical and Electrode Stability with Low Self-Discharge Lithium-Sulfur Batteries. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1021/acsami.7b05602.
Chung, Sheng-Heng, Han, Pauline, & Manthiram, Arumugam. Quantitative Analysis of Electrochemical and Electrode Stability with Low Self-Discharge Lithium-Sulfur Batteries. United States. doi:10.1021/acsami.7b05602.
Chung, Sheng-Heng, Han, Pauline, and Manthiram, Arumugam. 2017. "Quantitative Analysis of Electrochemical and Electrode Stability with Low Self-Discharge Lithium-Sulfur Batteries". United States. doi:10.1021/acsami.7b05602. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1430179.
@article{osti_1430179,
title = {Quantitative Analysis of Electrochemical and Electrode Stability with Low Self-Discharge Lithium-Sulfur Batteries},
author = {Chung, Sheng-Heng and Han, Pauline and Manthiram, Arumugam},
abstractNote = {The viability of employing high-capacity sulfur cathodes in building high-energy-density lithium-sulfur batteries is limited by rapid self-discharge, short shelf life, and severe structural degradation during cell resting (static instability). Unfortunately, the static instability has largely been ignored in the literature. We present in this letter a longterm self-discharge study by quantitatively analyzing the control lithium-sulfur batteries with a conventional cathode configuration, which provides meaningful insights into the cathode failure mechanisms during resting. Lastly, utilizing the understanding obtained with the control cells, we design and present low self-discharge (LSD) lithium-sulfur batteries for investigating the long-term self-discharge effect and electrode stability.},
doi = {10.1021/acsami.7b05602},
journal = {ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces},
number = 24,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {6}
}