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Title: A nickel-foam@carbon-shell with a pie-like architecture as an efficient polysulfide trap for high-energy Li–S batteries

Abstract

A high-loading sulfur cathode is critical for establishing rechargeable lithium–sulfur (Li–S) batteries with the anticipated high energy density. However, its fabrication as well as realizing high electrochemical utilization and stability with high-loading sulfur cathodes is a daunting challenge. Here, we present a new pie-like electrode that consists of an electrocatalytic nickel-foam as a “filling” to adsorb and store polysulfide catholytes and an outer carbon shell as a “crust” for facilitating high-loading sulfur cathodes with superior electrochemical and structural stabilities. The inner electrocatalytic nickel-foam is configured to adsorb polysulfides and facilitate their redox reactions. The intertwined carbon shell assists to shield the polysulfides within the cathode region of the cell. Both the nickel-foam and the carbon shell have high conductivity and porous space, which serve simultaneously as interconnected current collectors to enhance the redox kinetics and as polysulfide reservoirs to confine the active material. The effectiveness of such a pie-like structure in improving the electrochemical efficiency enables the cathode to host an ultrahigh sulfur loading of 40 mg cm-2 and attain a high areal capacity of over 40 mA h cm-2 at a low electrolyte/sulfur (E/S) ratio of 7. The enhanced cyclability is reflected in a high reversible areal capacity approachingmore » 30 mA h cm-2 at C/5 rate after 100 cycles and excellent rate capability up to 2C rate.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). McKetta Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Texas Materials Inst.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE); Welch Foundation
OSTI Identifier:
1430178
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1429331; OSTI ID: 1487261
Grant/Contract Number:  
EE0007218
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Materials Chemistry. A
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 29; Journal ID: ISSN 2050-7488
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE

Citation Formats

Luo, Liu, Chung, Sheng-Heng, Chang, Chi-Hao, and Manthiram, Arumugam. A nickel-foam@carbon-shell with a pie-like architecture as an efficient polysulfide trap for high-energy Li–S batteries. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1039/c7ta05277d.
Luo, Liu, Chung, Sheng-Heng, Chang, Chi-Hao, & Manthiram, Arumugam. A nickel-foam@carbon-shell with a pie-like architecture as an efficient polysulfide trap for high-energy Li–S batteries. United States. doi:10.1039/c7ta05277d.
Luo, Liu, Chung, Sheng-Heng, Chang, Chi-Hao, and Manthiram, Arumugam. Thu . "A nickel-foam@carbon-shell with a pie-like architecture as an efficient polysulfide trap for high-energy Li–S batteries". United States. doi:10.1039/c7ta05277d. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1430178.
@article{osti_1430178,
title = {A nickel-foam@carbon-shell with a pie-like architecture as an efficient polysulfide trap for high-energy Li–S batteries},
author = {Luo, Liu and Chung, Sheng-Heng and Chang, Chi-Hao and Manthiram, Arumugam},
abstractNote = {A high-loading sulfur cathode is critical for establishing rechargeable lithium–sulfur (Li–S) batteries with the anticipated high energy density. However, its fabrication as well as realizing high electrochemical utilization and stability with high-loading sulfur cathodes is a daunting challenge. Here, we present a new pie-like electrode that consists of an electrocatalytic nickel-foam as a “filling” to adsorb and store polysulfide catholytes and an outer carbon shell as a “crust” for facilitating high-loading sulfur cathodes with superior electrochemical and structural stabilities. The inner electrocatalytic nickel-foam is configured to adsorb polysulfides and facilitate their redox reactions. The intertwined carbon shell assists to shield the polysulfides within the cathode region of the cell. Both the nickel-foam and the carbon shell have high conductivity and porous space, which serve simultaneously as interconnected current collectors to enhance the redox kinetics and as polysulfide reservoirs to confine the active material. The effectiveness of such a pie-like structure in improving the electrochemical efficiency enables the cathode to host an ultrahigh sulfur loading of 40 mg cm-2 and attain a high areal capacity of over 40 mA h cm-2 at a low electrolyte/sulfur (E/S) ratio of 7. The enhanced cyclability is reflected in a high reversible areal capacity approaching 30 mA h cm-2 at C/5 rate after 100 cycles and excellent rate capability up to 2C rate.},
doi = {10.1039/c7ta05277d},
journal = {Journal of Materials Chemistry. A},
number = 29,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {7}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 14 works
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Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1 Fig. 1: (a) Schematic configuration of a nickel-foam@carbon-shell cathode with pie-like architecture. SEM/EDX inspections of (b) nickel-foam, (c) inner and (d) outer sides of the carbon shell retrieved from a cycled nickel-foam@carbon-shell cathode.

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Structural Design of Lithium–Sulfur Batteries: From Fundamental Research to Practical Application
    journal, June 2018


    Structural Design of Lithium–Sulfur Batteries: From Fundamental Research to Practical Application
    journal, June 2018


      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.