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Title: A Search for Pulsations From Geminga Above 100 GeV With Veritas

Abstract

Here, we present the results of 71.6 hr of observations of the Geminga pulsar (PSR J0633+1746) with the VERITAS very-high-energy gamma-ray telescope array. Data taken with VERITAS between 2007 November and 2013 February were phase-folded using a Geminga pulsar timing solution derived from data recorded by the XMM- Newton and Fermi-LAT space telescopes. No significant pulsed emission above 100 GeV is observed, and we report upper limits at the 95% confidence level on the integral flux above 135 GeV (spectral analysis threshold) of 4.0 × 10 -13 s -1 cm -2 and 1.7 × 10 -13 s -1 cm -2 for the two principal peaks in the emission profile. These upper limits, placed in context with phase-resolved spectral energy distributions determined from 5 yr of data from the Fermi-Large Area Telescope (LAT), constrain possible hardening of the Geminga pulsar emission spectra above ~50 GeV.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Science Foundation (NSF); Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC); USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Contributing Org.:
VERITAS Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1429847
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: The Astrophysical Journal (Online); Journal Volume: 800; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4357
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; gamma rays: stars; pulsars: general; pulsars: individual (PSR J0633+1746 Geminga)

Citation Formats

Aliu, E., Archambault, S., Archer, A., Aune, T., Barnacka, A., Beilicke, M., Benbow, W., Bird, R., Buckley, J. H., Bugaev, V., Byrum, K., Cardenzana, J. V., Cerruti, M., Chen, X., Ciupik, L., Connolly, M. P., Cui, W., Dickinson, H. J., Dumm, J., Eisch, J. D., Errando, M., Falcone, A., Feng, Q., Finley, J. P., Fleischhack, H., Fortin, P., Fortson, L., Furniss, A., Gillanders, G. H., Griffin, S., Griffiths, S. T., Grube, J., Gyuk, G., Håkansson, N., Hanna, D., Holder, J., Humensky, T. B., Johnson, C. A., Kaaret, P., Kar, P., Kertzman, M., Kieda, D., Krennrich, F., Kumar, S., Lang, M. J., Lyutikov, M., Madhavan, A. S., Maier, G., McArthur, S., McCann, A., Meagher, K., Millis, J., Moriarty, P., Mukherjee, R., Nieto, D., O'Faoláin de Bhróithe, A., Ong, R. A., Otte, A. N., Park, N., Pohl, M., Popkow, A., Prokoph, H., Pueschel, E., Quinn, J., Ragan, K., Reyes, L. C., Reynolds, P. T., Richards, G. T., Roache, E., Santander, M., Sembroski, G. H., Shahinyan, K., Smith, A. W., Staszak, D., Telezhinsky, I., Tucci, J. V., Tyler, J., Varlotta, A., Vincent, S., Wakely, S. P., Weinstein, A., Williams, D. A., Zajczyk, A., and Zitzer, B. A Search for Pulsations From Geminga Above 100 GeV With Veritas. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/800/1/61.
Aliu, E., Archambault, S., Archer, A., Aune, T., Barnacka, A., Beilicke, M., Benbow, W., Bird, R., Buckley, J. H., Bugaev, V., Byrum, K., Cardenzana, J. V., Cerruti, M., Chen, X., Ciupik, L., Connolly, M. P., Cui, W., Dickinson, H. J., Dumm, J., Eisch, J. D., Errando, M., Falcone, A., Feng, Q., Finley, J. P., Fleischhack, H., Fortin, P., Fortson, L., Furniss, A., Gillanders, G. H., Griffin, S., Griffiths, S. T., Grube, J., Gyuk, G., Håkansson, N., Hanna, D., Holder, J., Humensky, T. B., Johnson, C. A., Kaaret, P., Kar, P., Kertzman, M., Kieda, D., Krennrich, F., Kumar, S., Lang, M. J., Lyutikov, M., Madhavan, A. S., Maier, G., McArthur, S., McCann, A., Meagher, K., Millis, J., Moriarty, P., Mukherjee, R., Nieto, D., O'Faoláin de Bhróithe, A., Ong, R. A., Otte, A. N., Park, N., Pohl, M., Popkow, A., Prokoph, H., Pueschel, E., Quinn, J., Ragan, K., Reyes, L. C., Reynolds, P. T., Richards, G. T., Roache, E., Santander, M., Sembroski, G. H., Shahinyan, K., Smith, A. W., Staszak, D., Telezhinsky, I., Tucci, J. V., Tyler, J., Varlotta, A., Vincent, S., Wakely, S. P., Weinstein, A., Williams, D. A., Zajczyk, A., & Zitzer, B. A Search for Pulsations From Geminga Above 100 GeV With Veritas. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/800/1/61.
Aliu, E., Archambault, S., Archer, A., Aune, T., Barnacka, A., Beilicke, M., Benbow, W., Bird, R., Buckley, J. H., Bugaev, V., Byrum, K., Cardenzana, J. V., Cerruti, M., Chen, X., Ciupik, L., Connolly, M. P., Cui, W., Dickinson, H. J., Dumm, J., Eisch, J. D., Errando, M., Falcone, A., Feng, Q., Finley, J. P., Fleischhack, H., Fortin, P., Fortson, L., Furniss, A., Gillanders, G. H., Griffin, S., Griffiths, S. T., Grube, J., Gyuk, G., Håkansson, N., Hanna, D., Holder, J., Humensky, T. B., Johnson, C. A., Kaaret, P., Kar, P., Kertzman, M., Kieda, D., Krennrich, F., Kumar, S., Lang, M. J., Lyutikov, M., Madhavan, A. S., Maier, G., McArthur, S., McCann, A., Meagher, K., Millis, J., Moriarty, P., Mukherjee, R., Nieto, D., O'Faoláin de Bhróithe, A., Ong, R. A., Otte, A. N., Park, N., Pohl, M., Popkow, A., Prokoph, H., Pueschel, E., Quinn, J., Ragan, K., Reyes, L. C., Reynolds, P. T., Richards, G. T., Roache, E., Santander, M., Sembroski, G. H., Shahinyan, K., Smith, A. W., Staszak, D., Telezhinsky, I., Tucci, J. V., Tyler, J., Varlotta, A., Vincent, S., Wakely, S. P., Weinstein, A., Williams, D. A., Zajczyk, A., and Zitzer, B. Mon . "A Search for Pulsations From Geminga Above 100 GeV With Veritas". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/800/1/61. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1429847.
@article{osti_1429847,
title = {A Search for Pulsations From Geminga Above 100 GeV With Veritas},
author = {Aliu, E. and Archambault, S. and Archer, A. and Aune, T. and Barnacka, A. and Beilicke, M. and Benbow, W. and Bird, R. and Buckley, J. H. and Bugaev, V. and Byrum, K. and Cardenzana, J. V. and Cerruti, M. and Chen, X. and Ciupik, L. and Connolly, M. P. and Cui, W. and Dickinson, H. J. and Dumm, J. and Eisch, J. D. and Errando, M. and Falcone, A. and Feng, Q. and Finley, J. P. and Fleischhack, H. and Fortin, P. and Fortson, L. and Furniss, A. and Gillanders, G. H. and Griffin, S. and Griffiths, S. T. and Grube, J. and Gyuk, G. and Håkansson, N. and Hanna, D. and Holder, J. and Humensky, T. B. and Johnson, C. A. and Kaaret, P. and Kar, P. and Kertzman, M. and Kieda, D. and Krennrich, F. and Kumar, S. and Lang, M. J. and Lyutikov, M. and Madhavan, A. S. and Maier, G. and McArthur, S. and McCann, A. and Meagher, K. and Millis, J. and Moriarty, P. and Mukherjee, R. and Nieto, D. and O'Faoláin de Bhróithe, A. and Ong, R. A. and Otte, A. N. and Park, N. and Pohl, M. and Popkow, A. and Prokoph, H. and Pueschel, E. and Quinn, J. and Ragan, K. and Reyes, L. C. and Reynolds, P. T. and Richards, G. T. and Roache, E. and Santander, M. and Sembroski, G. H. and Shahinyan, K. and Smith, A. W. and Staszak, D. and Telezhinsky, I. and Tucci, J. V. and Tyler, J. and Varlotta, A. and Vincent, S. and Wakely, S. P. and Weinstein, A. and Williams, D. A. and Zajczyk, A. and Zitzer, B.},
abstractNote = {Here, we present the results of 71.6 hr of observations of the Geminga pulsar (PSR J0633+1746) with the VERITAS very-high-energy gamma-ray telescope array. Data taken with VERITAS between 2007 November and 2013 February were phase-folded using a Geminga pulsar timing solution derived from data recorded by the XMM- Newton and Fermi-LAT space telescopes. No significant pulsed emission above 100 GeV is observed, and we report upper limits at the 95% confidence level on the integral flux above 135 GeV (spectral analysis threshold) of 4.0 × 10-13 s-1 cm-2 and 1.7 × 10-13 s-1 cm-2 for the two principal peaks in the emission profile. These upper limits, placed in context with phase-resolved spectral energy distributions determined from 5 yr of data from the Fermi-Large Area Telescope (LAT), constrain possible hardening of the Geminga pulsar emission spectra above ~50 GeV.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/800/1/61},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal (Online)},
number = 1,
volume = 800,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {2}
}

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