skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Compatibility of High-Moisture Storage for Biochemical Conversion of Corn Stover: Storage Performance at Laboratory and Field Scales

Abstract

Here, wet anaerobic storage of corn stover can provide a year-round supply of feedstock to biorefineries while reducing the risks associated with fire loss and microbial degradation. Aerobic and anaerobic storage methods were evaluated for wet corn stover in 100L laboratory reactors. Of the methods evaluated, traditional ensiling resulted in <6% total solid dry matter loss (DML), about 5 times less than the aerobic storage process and slightly less than half that of the anaerobic modified-Ritter pile method. To further demonstrate the effectiveness of the anaerobic storage, a field demonstration was completed with 272 dry tonnes of corn stover; DML averaged <5% after 6 months. Assessment of sugar release as a result of dilute acid or dilute alkaline pretreatment and subsequent enzymatic hydrolysis suggested that when anaerobic conditions were maintained in storage, sugar release was either similar to or greater than as-harvested material depending on the pretreatment chemistry used.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Bioenergy Technologies Office (EE-3B)
OSTI Identifier:
1429556
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1471085
Report Number(s):
INL/JOU-17-43450-Rev000
Journal ID: ISSN 2296-4185; 30
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC07-05ID14517
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology Journal Volume: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2296-4185
Publisher:
Frontiers Media SA
Country of Publication:
Switzerland
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; corn stover; biomass storage; ensiling; Ritter pile; field storage; feedstock reactivity

Citation Formats

Wendt, Lynn M., Murphy, J. Austin, Smith, William A., Robb, Thomas, Reed, David W., Ray, Allison E., Liang, Ling, He, Qian, Sun, Ning, Hoover, Amber N., and Nguyen, Quang A. Compatibility of High-Moisture Storage for Biochemical Conversion of Corn Stover: Storage Performance at Laboratory and Field Scales. Switzerland: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.3389/fbioe.2018.00030.
Wendt, Lynn M., Murphy, J. Austin, Smith, William A., Robb, Thomas, Reed, David W., Ray, Allison E., Liang, Ling, He, Qian, Sun, Ning, Hoover, Amber N., & Nguyen, Quang A. Compatibility of High-Moisture Storage for Biochemical Conversion of Corn Stover: Storage Performance at Laboratory and Field Scales. Switzerland. doi:10.3389/fbioe.2018.00030.
Wendt, Lynn M., Murphy, J. Austin, Smith, William A., Robb, Thomas, Reed, David W., Ray, Allison E., Liang, Ling, He, Qian, Sun, Ning, Hoover, Amber N., and Nguyen, Quang A. Mon . "Compatibility of High-Moisture Storage for Biochemical Conversion of Corn Stover: Storage Performance at Laboratory and Field Scales". Switzerland. doi:10.3389/fbioe.2018.00030.
@article{osti_1429556,
title = {Compatibility of High-Moisture Storage for Biochemical Conversion of Corn Stover: Storage Performance at Laboratory and Field Scales},
author = {Wendt, Lynn M. and Murphy, J. Austin and Smith, William A. and Robb, Thomas and Reed, David W. and Ray, Allison E. and Liang, Ling and He, Qian and Sun, Ning and Hoover, Amber N. and Nguyen, Quang A.},
abstractNote = {Here, wet anaerobic storage of corn stover can provide a year-round supply of feedstock to biorefineries while reducing the risks associated with fire loss and microbial degradation. Aerobic and anaerobic storage methods were evaluated for wet corn stover in 100L laboratory reactors. Of the methods evaluated, traditional ensiling resulted in <6% total solid dry matter loss (DML), about 5 times less than the aerobic storage process and slightly less than half that of the anaerobic modified-Ritter pile method. To further demonstrate the effectiveness of the anaerobic storage, a field demonstration was completed with 272 dry tonnes of corn stover; DML averaged <5% after 6 months. Assessment of sugar release as a result of dilute acid or dilute alkaline pretreatment and subsequent enzymatic hydrolysis suggested that when anaerobic conditions were maintained in storage, sugar release was either similar to or greater than as-harvested material depending on the pretreatment chemistry used.},
doi = {10.3389/fbioe.2018.00030},
journal = {Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology},
number = ,
volume = 6,
place = {Switzerland},
year = {2018},
month = {3}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.3389/fbioe.2018.00030

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 5 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Influence of Airflow on Laboratory Storage of High Moisture Corn Stover
journal, April 2014


A laboratory-scale pretreatment and hydrolysis assay for determination of reactivity in cellulosic biomass feedstocks
journal, January 2013

  • Wolfrum, Edward J.; Ness, Ryan M.; Nagle, Nicholas J.
  • Biotechnology for Biofuels, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1186/1754-6834-6-162

A sober view of the difficulties in scaling cellulosic biofuels
journal, January 2017

  • Dale, Bruce
  • Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, Vol. 11, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/bbb.1745

Spatial Analysis of Stover Moisture Content During Harvest Season in the U.S.
journal, January 2017

  • Oyedeji, Oluwafemi A.; Sokhansanj, Shahab; Webb, Erin
  • Transactions of the ASABE, Vol. 60, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.13031/trans.11898

Biomass harvested at two energy plant growth phases for biogas production
journal, October 2017


Impact of Temperature, Moisture, and Storage Duration on the Chemical Composition of Switchgrass, Corn Stover, and Sweet Sorghum Bagasse
journal, December 2014


Biogasdoneright™: An innovative new system is commercialized in Italy: Maternal SBO in pregnancy
journal, July 2016

  • Dale, Bruce E.; Sibilla, Fabrizio; Fabbri, Claudio
  • Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, Vol. 10, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/bbb.1671

Fractional yield and moisture of corn stover biomass produced in the Northern US Corn Belt
journal, August 2007


Silage Additives: Review
journal, January 2014

  • Yitbarek, Melkamu Bezabih; Tamir, Birhan
  • Open Journal of Applied Sciences, Vol. 04, Issue 05
  • DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2014.45026

Practical considerations of moisture in baled biomass feedstocks
journal, January 2013

  • Smith, William A.; Bonner, Ian J.; Kenney, Kevin L.
  • Biofuels, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.4155/bfs.12.74

Outdoor Storage Characteristics of Single-Pass Large Square Corn Stover Bales in Iowa
journal, October 2011

  • Shah, Ajay; Darr, Matthew J.; Webster, Keith
  • Energies, Vol. 4, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.3390/en4101687

Productivity and Nutrient Dynamics in Bioenergy Double-Cropping Systems
journal, January 2008

  • Heggenstaller, Andrew H.; Anex, Robert P.; Liebman, Matt
  • Agronomy Journal, Vol. 100, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.2134/agronj2008.0087

Techno‐economic assessment of biomass bales storage systems for a large‐scale biorefinery
journal, January 2017

  • Sahoo, Kamalakanta; Mani, Sudhagar
  • Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, Vol. 11, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/bbb.1751

Effects of laccase on lignin depolymerization and enzymatic hydrolysis of ensiled corn stover
journal, August 2012


Influence of alkaline pre-treatment conditions on structural features and methane production from ensiled sorghum forage
journal, November 2012


Emission of Carbon Monoxide During Composting of Municipal Solid Waste
journal, June 2011


Effect of anatomical fractionation on the enzymatic hydrolysis of acid and alkaline pretreated corn stover
journal, November 2009


Solid-state production of ethanol from sorghum
journal, March 1996

  • Henk, Linda L.; Linden, James C.
  • Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Vol. 57-58, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF02941729

Correlating detergent fiber analysis and dietary fiber analysis data for corn stover collected by NIRS
journal, June 2009


Modelling and optimisation of biomass supply chains: a review
journal, February 2017

  • Zandi Atashbar, Nasim; Labadie, Nacima; Prins, Christian
  • International Journal of Production Research, Vol. 56, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1080/00207543.2017.1343506

2016 Billion-Ton Report: Advancing Domestic Resources for a Thriving Bioeconomy
report, July 2016

  • Langholtz, M. H.; Stokes, B. J.; Eaton, L. M.
  • DOE/EE-1440
  • DOI: 10.2172/1271651

Optimization of pH controlled liquid hot water pretreatment of corn stover
journal, December 2005


Waste biorefineries: Enabling circular economies in developing countries
journal, October 2017


The Effect of Biomass Densification on Structural Sugar Release and Yield in Biofuel Feedstock and Feedstock Blends
journal, January 2017


A review of losses arising during conservation of grass forage: Part 2, storage losses
journal, January 1990


Pretreatment technologies for an efficient bioethanol production process based on enzymatic hydrolysis: A review
journal, July 2010


Role of biomass supply chain management in sustainable bioenergy production
journal, September 2017


Cellulosic biomass feedstocks and logistics for ethanol production
journal, January 2007

  • Hess, J. Richard; Wright, Christopher T.; Kenney, Kevin L.
  • Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, Vol. 1, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/bbb.26

Comparison of wet and dry corn stover harvest and storage
journal, April 2007


Aerobic and Anaerobic Storage of Single-pass, Chopped Corn Stover
journal, August 2010


Biomass storage: an update on industrial solutions for baled biomass feedstocks
journal, May 2012


The effect of delayed sealing on fermentation and losses during ensilage
journal, May 1975

  • Henderson, Annie R.; McDonald, Peter
  • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, Vol. 26, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1002/jsfa.2740260511

Effects of ensiling, silage additives and storage period on methane formation of biogas crops
journal, April 2011


Evaluation of storage methods for the conversion of corn stover biomass to sugars based on steam explosion pretreatment
journal, March 2013


Understanding biomass feedstock variability
journal, January 2013

  • Kenney, Kevin L.; Smith, William A.; Gresham, Garold L.
  • Biofuels, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.4155/bfs.12.83

Logistics issues of biomass: The storage problem and the multi-biomass supply chain
journal, May 2009

  • Rentizelas, Athanasios A.; Tolis, Athanasios J.; Tatsiopoulos, Ilias P.
  • Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 13, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2008.01.003

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Collection of ear corn residue and its utilization as a bulking agent for cow manure composting
    journal, December 2019


    Collection of ear corn residue and its utilization as a bulking agent for cow manure composting
    journal, December 2019