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Title: Integrating Algae with Bioenergy Carbon Capture and Storage (ABECCS) Increases Sustainability

Abstract

Bioenergy carbon capture and storage (BECCS) has been proposed to reduce atmospheric CO2 concentrations, but concerns remain about competition for arable land and freshwater. The synergistic integration of algae production, which does not require arable land or freshwater, with BECCS (called “ABECCS”) can reduce CO2 emissions without competing with agriculture. This study presents a technoeconomic and life-cycle assessment for colocating a 121-ha algae facility with a 2,680-ha euca-lyptus forest for BECCS. The eucalyptus biomass fuels combined heat and power (CHP) generation with subsequent amine-based carbon capture and storage (CCS). A portion of the captured CO2 is used for growing algae and the remainder is sequestered. Biomass combustion supplies CO2, heat, and electricity, thus increasing the range of sites suitable for algae cultivation. Economic, energetic, and environmental impacts are considered. The system yields as much protein as soybeans while generating 61.5 TJ of electricity and sequestering 29,600 t of CO2 per year. More energy is generated than consumed and the freshwater footprint is roughly equal to that for soybeans. Financial break-even is achieved for product value combinations that include 1) algal biomass sold for 1,400/t (fishmeal replacement) with a 68/t carbon credit and 2) algal biomass sold for 600/t (soymeal replacement)more » with a 278/t carbon credit. Sensitivity analysis shows significant reductions to the cost of carbon sequestration are possible. The ABECCS system represents a unique technology for negative emissions without reducing protein production or increasing water demand, and should therefore be included in the suite of technologies being considered to address global sustainability.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5]
  1. College of Agriculture, Forestry, and Natural Resource ManagementUniversity of Hawaii at Hilo Hilo HI USA, B&,D Engineering and Consulting LLC Lander WY USA
  2. College of Agriculture, Forestry, and Natural Resource ManagementUniversity of Hawaii at Hilo Hilo HI USA, Cinglas Ltd Chester UK
  3. College of Agriculture, Forestry, and Natural Resource ManagementUniversity of Hawaii at Hilo Hilo HI USA, Department of Biological and Environmental EngineeringCornell University Ithaca NY USA, Biology Department and Marine LaboratoryDuke University Beaufort NC USA
  4. College of Agriculture, Forestry, and Natural Resource ManagementUniversity of Hawaii at Hilo Hilo HI USA, Department of Earth and Atmospheric SciencesCornell University Ithaca NY USA
  5. Biology Department and Marine LaboratoryDuke University Beaufort NC USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1429519
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1429522; OSTI ID: 1508369
Grant/Contract Number:  
DE‐EE0007091; EE0007091
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Earth's Future
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Earth's Future Journal Volume: 6 Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2328-4277
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; bioenergy carbon capture and storage; BECCS; algae; carbon capture and storage; global protein production; greenhouse gases

Citation Formats

Beal, Colin M., Archibald, Ian, Huntley, Mark E., Greene, Charles H., and Johnson, Zackary I. Integrating Algae with Bioenergy Carbon Capture and Storage (ABECCS) Increases Sustainability. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1002/2017EF000704.
Beal, Colin M., Archibald, Ian, Huntley, Mark E., Greene, Charles H., & Johnson, Zackary I. Integrating Algae with Bioenergy Carbon Capture and Storage (ABECCS) Increases Sustainability. United States. doi:10.1002/2017EF000704.
Beal, Colin M., Archibald, Ian, Huntley, Mark E., Greene, Charles H., and Johnson, Zackary I. Sat . "Integrating Algae with Bioenergy Carbon Capture and Storage (ABECCS) Increases Sustainability". United States. doi:10.1002/2017EF000704.
@article{osti_1429519,
title = {Integrating Algae with Bioenergy Carbon Capture and Storage (ABECCS) Increases Sustainability},
author = {Beal, Colin M. and Archibald, Ian and Huntley, Mark E. and Greene, Charles H. and Johnson, Zackary I.},
abstractNote = {Bioenergy carbon capture and storage (BECCS) has been proposed to reduce atmospheric CO2 concentrations, but concerns remain about competition for arable land and freshwater. The synergistic integration of algae production, which does not require arable land or freshwater, with BECCS (called “ABECCS”) can reduce CO2 emissions without competing with agriculture. This study presents a technoeconomic and life-cycle assessment for colocating a 121-ha algae facility with a 2,680-ha euca-lyptus forest for BECCS. The eucalyptus biomass fuels combined heat and power (CHP) generation with subsequent amine-based carbon capture and storage (CCS). A portion of the captured CO2 is used for growing algae and the remainder is sequestered. Biomass combustion supplies CO2, heat, and electricity, thus increasing the range of sites suitable for algae cultivation. Economic, energetic, and environmental impacts are considered. The system yields as much protein as soybeans while generating 61.5 TJ of electricity and sequestering 29,600 t of CO2 per year. More energy is generated than consumed and the freshwater footprint is roughly equal to that for soybeans. Financial break-even is achieved for product value combinations that include 1) algal biomass sold for 1,400/t (fishmeal replacement) with a 68/t carbon credit and 2) algal biomass sold for 600/t (soymeal replacement) with a 278/t carbon credit. Sensitivity analysis shows significant reductions to the cost of carbon sequestration are possible. The ABECCS system represents a unique technology for negative emissions without reducing protein production or increasing water demand, and should therefore be included in the suite of technologies being considered to address global sustainability.},
doi = {10.1002/2017EF000704},
journal = {Earth's Future},
number = 3,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {3}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1002/2017EF000704

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 5 works
Citation information provided by
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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Process flow diagram for the integrated algae-and-forestry bioenergy carbon capture and storage (ABECCS) facility. Capital costs for each component are shown beneath the component label in millions of dollars. The overall facility includes 2800 ha (6920 ac), which is 96% eucalyptus forest and 4% algae production.

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