skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: High-temperature effects on the light transmission through sapphire optical fiber

Abstract

Single crystal sapphire optical fiber was tested at high temperatures (1500°C) to determine its suitability for optical instrumentation in high-temperature environments. Broadband light transmission (450-2300 nm) through sapphire fiber was measured as a function of temperature as a test of the fiber's ability to survive and operate in high-temperature environments. Upon heating sapphire fiber to 1400°C, large amounts of light attenuation were measured across the entire range of light wavelengths that were tested. SEM and TEM images of the heated sapphire fiber indicated that a layer had formed at the surface of the fiber, most likely due to a chemical change at high temperatures. The microscopy results suggest that the surface layer may be in the form of aluminum hydroxide. Subsequent tests of sapphire fiber in an inert atmosphere showed minimal light attenuation at high temperatures along with the elimination of any surface layers on the fiber, indicating that the air atmosphere is indeed responsible for the increased attenuation and surface layer formation at high temperatures.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. The Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1429184
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1426309
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the American Ceramic Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 101; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 0002-7820
Publisher:
American Ceramic Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; sapphire, optical materials/properties

Citation Formats

Wilson, Brandon A., Petrie, Christian M., and Blue, Thomas E. High-temperature effects on the light transmission through sapphire optical fiber. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1111/jace.15515.
Wilson, Brandon A., Petrie, Christian M., & Blue, Thomas E. High-temperature effects on the light transmission through sapphire optical fiber. United States. doi:10.1111/jace.15515.
Wilson, Brandon A., Petrie, Christian M., and Blue, Thomas E. Tue . "High-temperature effects on the light transmission through sapphire optical fiber". United States. doi:10.1111/jace.15515. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1429184.
@article{osti_1429184,
title = {High-temperature effects on the light transmission through sapphire optical fiber},
author = {Wilson, Brandon A. and Petrie, Christian M. and Blue, Thomas E.},
abstractNote = {Single crystal sapphire optical fiber was tested at high temperatures (1500°C) to determine its suitability for optical instrumentation in high-temperature environments. Broadband light transmission (450-2300 nm) through sapphire fiber was measured as a function of temperature as a test of the fiber's ability to survive and operate in high-temperature environments. Upon heating sapphire fiber to 1400°C, large amounts of light attenuation were measured across the entire range of light wavelengths that were tested. SEM and TEM images of the heated sapphire fiber indicated that a layer had formed at the surface of the fiber, most likely due to a chemical change at high temperatures. The microscopy results suggest that the surface layer may be in the form of aluminum hydroxide. Subsequent tests of sapphire fiber in an inert atmosphere showed minimal light attenuation at high temperatures along with the elimination of any surface layers on the fiber, indicating that the air atmosphere is indeed responsible for the increased attenuation and surface layer formation at high temperatures.},
doi = {10.1111/jace.15515},
journal = {Journal of the American Ceramic Society},
number = 8,
volume = 101,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {3}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 3 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Added attenuation in the light transmission through sapphire optical fiber as a function of time and temperature for select wavelengths. Line widths indicate ±1 sigma uncertainties

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Infrared Properties of Sapphire at Elevated Temperatures
journal, January 1962

  • Oppenheim, U. P.; Even, U.
  • Journal of the Optical Society of America, Vol. 52, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1364/JOSA.52.1078_1

Radiation Energy Transfer and Thermal Conductivity of Ceramic Oxides
journal, November 1960


In situ reactor radiation-induced attenuation in sapphire optical fibers heated up to 1000 °C
journal, January 2015

  • Petrie, Christian M.; Blue, Thomas E.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Vol. 342
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nimb.2014.09.014

Performance stability of the sapphire fiber and cladding under high temperature
conference, December 1999

  • Shen, Yonghang; Tong, Limin; Chen, Shuying
  • Photonics East '99, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.372835

In Situ Gamma Radiation-Induced Attenuation in Sapphire Optical Fibers Heated to 1000°C
journal, July 2014

  • Petrie, Christian M.; Wilson, Brandon; Blue, Thomas E.
  • Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 97, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1111/jace.13089

Optical properties of sapphire fiber under high temperature
conference, September 2002

  • Ye, Linhua; Shen, Zhongping; Tong, Limin
  • Photonics Asia 2002, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.470963

In-Situ Reactor Radiation-Induced Attenuation in Sapphire Optical Fibers
journal, September 2014

  • Petrie, Christian M.; Windl, Wolfgang; Blue, Thomas E.
  • Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 97, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1111/jace.13211

Devitrification in annealed optical fiber
journal, May 1997

  • Rose, A. H.
  • Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 15, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1109/50.580819

In Situ Thermally Induced Attenuation in Sapphire Optical Fibers Heated to 1400°C
journal, October 2014

  • Petrie, Christian M.; Blue, Thomas E.
  • Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 98, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1111/jace.13289

Optical and Infrared Properties of Al_2O_3 at Elevated Temperatures*
journal, January 1965

  • Gryvnak, David A.; Burch, Darrell E.
  • Journal of the Optical Society of America, Vol. 55, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1364/JOSA.55.000625

Alumina Volatility in Water Vapor at Elevated Temperatures
journal, September 2004


Scattering effects in crystalline infrared fibers
journal, January 1988

  • Sa’ar, A.; Katzir, A.
  • Journal of the Optical Society of America A, Vol. 5, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1364/JOSAA.5.000823

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Tailoring the nanostructure of anodic aluminum oxide cladding on optical fiber
    journal, June 2018

    • Liu, Kai; Ma, Yiwei; Du, Henry
    • Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 101, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1111/jace.15859

    Tailoring the nanostructure of anodic aluminum oxide cladding on optical fiber
    journal, June 2018

    • Liu, Kai; Ma, Yiwei; Du, Henry
    • Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 101, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1111/jace.15859

      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.