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Title: A Water-Based Silver-Nanowire Screen-Print Ink for the Fabrication of Stretchable Conductors and Wearable Thin-Film Transistors

Abstract

Silver nanowire is a very promising material for fabricating compliant conductors which are essential for stretchable/wearable electronic devices. Screen printing is a cost-effective and scalable technology to fabricate large-area thin film coatings with modest pattern resolution. The biggest challenge to prepare a screen printable silver nanowire ink stems from the low viscosity of silver nanowire dispersions and that the addition of a thickening agent could dramatically increase the inter-nanowire contact resistance in the resulting coating. Herein, we report the synthesis of a water-based silver nanowire ink, which was formulated with low solid contents, high viscosity at 0.1 s-1 shear rate, and appropriate rheological behavior suitable for screen printing. Silver nanowire coating patterns were screen printed with uniform sharp edges, ~50 μm resolution, and electrical conductivity as high as 4.67 × 104 S cm-1. The screen printed silver nanowires were then used to fabricate a composite conductor that retained a conductivity greater than 10,000 S cm-1 under 70% tensile strain. Fully printed and stretchable/wearable thin-film transistor arrays were also fabricated by employing the screen printed composite conductor as the source, drain, and gate, drop cast semiconducting carbon nanotubes as the channel, and a dielectric elastomer. The 10 × 6 thin-film transistormore » arrays had a fabrication yield of 91.7%, average mobility of 33.8 ± 3.7 cm2V-1s-1, ON/OFF ratio ~1000, and remained stable during 1,000 cycles of wearing on and peeling off a glass tube with 5 mm diameter.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States). Henry Samuli School of Engineering and Applied Science and Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1429112
Grant/Contract Number:  
EE0006674; FA9550‐12‐1‐0074
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 28; Journal Issue: 28; Journal ID: ISSN 0935-9648
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; screen printing; conductive; silver nanowire; stretchable conductor; thin-film transistor; wearable electronic

Citation Formats

Liang, Jiajie, Tong, Kwing, and Pei, Qibing. A Water-Based Silver-Nanowire Screen-Print Ink for the Fabrication of Stretchable Conductors and Wearable Thin-Film Transistors. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201600772.
Liang, Jiajie, Tong, Kwing, & Pei, Qibing. A Water-Based Silver-Nanowire Screen-Print Ink for the Fabrication of Stretchable Conductors and Wearable Thin-Film Transistors. United States. https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201600772
Liang, Jiajie, Tong, Kwing, and Pei, Qibing. Mon . "A Water-Based Silver-Nanowire Screen-Print Ink for the Fabrication of Stretchable Conductors and Wearable Thin-Film Transistors". United States. https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201600772. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1429112.
@article{osti_1429112,
title = {A Water-Based Silver-Nanowire Screen-Print Ink for the Fabrication of Stretchable Conductors and Wearable Thin-Film Transistors},
author = {Liang, Jiajie and Tong, Kwing and Pei, Qibing},
abstractNote = {Silver nanowire is a very promising material for fabricating compliant conductors which are essential for stretchable/wearable electronic devices. Screen printing is a cost-effective and scalable technology to fabricate large-area thin film coatings with modest pattern resolution. The biggest challenge to prepare a screen printable silver nanowire ink stems from the low viscosity of silver nanowire dispersions and that the addition of a thickening agent could dramatically increase the inter-nanowire contact resistance in the resulting coating. Herein, we report the synthesis of a water-based silver nanowire ink, which was formulated with low solid contents, high viscosity at 0.1 s-1 shear rate, and appropriate rheological behavior suitable for screen printing. Silver nanowire coating patterns were screen printed with uniform sharp edges, ~50 μm resolution, and electrical conductivity as high as 4.67 × 104 S cm-1. The screen printed silver nanowires were then used to fabricate a composite conductor that retained a conductivity greater than 10,000 S cm-1 under 70% tensile strain. Fully printed and stretchable/wearable thin-film transistor arrays were also fabricated by employing the screen printed composite conductor as the source, drain, and gate, drop cast semiconducting carbon nanotubes as the channel, and a dielectric elastomer. The 10 × 6 thin-film transistor arrays had a fabrication yield of 91.7%, average mobility of 33.8 ± 3.7 cm2V-1s-1, ON/OFF ratio ~1000, and remained stable during 1,000 cycles of wearing on and peeling off a glass tube with 5 mm diameter.},
doi = {10.1002/adma.201600772},
journal = {Advanced Materials},
number = 28,
volume = 28,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {5}
}

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    Fabrication of Stretchable Circuits on Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) Pre-Stretched Substrates by Inkjet Printing Silver Nanoparticles
    journal, November 2018

    • Abu-Khalaf, Jumana; Al-Ghussain, Loiy; Al-Halhouli, Ala’aldeen
    • Materials, Vol. 11, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.3390/ma11122377

    Silver Nanowire Networks: Mechano-Electric Properties and Applications
    journal, August 2019

    • Sohn, Hiesang; Park, Chulhwan; Oh, Jong-Min
    • Materials, Vol. 12, Issue 16
    • DOI: 10.3390/ma12162526

    Optimization of Geometry Parameters of Inkjet-Printed Silver Nanoparticle Traces on PDMS Substrates Using Response Surface Methodology
    journal, October 2019

    • Abu-Khalaf, Jumana; Al-Ghussain, Loiy; Nadi, Ahmad
    • Materials, Vol. 12, Issue 20
    • DOI: 10.3390/ma12203329

    Rheological Issues in Carbon-Based Inks for Additive Manufacturing
    journal, January 2019

    • O’Mahony, Charlie; Haq, Ehtsham Ul; Sillien, Christophe
    • Micromachines, Vol. 10, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3390/mi10020099

    Tackling the Stability Issues of Silver Nanowire Transparent Conductive Films through FeCl3 Dilute Solution Treatment
    journal, April 2019


    Printing the Ultra-Long Ag Nanowires Inks onto the Flexible Textile Substrate for Stretchable Electronics
    journal, May 2019

    • Ke, Sheng-Hai; Xue, Qing-Wen; Pang, Chuan-Yuan
    • Nanomaterials, Vol. 9, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.3390/nano9050686