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Title: The Power of Non-Hydrolytic Sol-Gel Chemistry: A Review

This review is devoted to non-hydrolytic sol-gel chemistry. During the last 25 years, non-hydrolytic sol-gel (NHSG) techniques were found to be attractive and versatile methods for the preparation of oxide materials. Compared to conventional hydrolytic approaches, the NHSG route allows reaction control at the atomic scale resulting in homogeneous and well defined products. Due to these features and the ability to design specific materials, the products of NHSG reactions have been used in many fields of application. The aim of this review therefore is to present an overview of NHSG research in recent years with an emphasis on the syntheses of mixed oxides, silicates and phosphates. The first part of the review highlights well known condensation reactions with some deeper insights into their mechanism and also presents novel condensation reactions established in NHSG chemistry in recent years. In the second section we discuss porosity control and novel compositions of selected materials. In the last part, the applications of NHSG derived materials as heterogeneous catalysts and supports, luminescent materials and electrode materials in Li-ion batteries are described.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ; ORCiD logo [4]
  1. Masaryk Univ., Brno (Czech Republic). Dept. of Chemistry and Central European Inst. of Technology; Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
  2. Tomas Bata Univ., Zlin (Czech Republic). Centre of Polymer Systems
  3. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
  4. Masaryk Univ., Brno (Czech Republic). Dept. of Chemistry and Central European Inst. of Technology
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
FG02-01ER15259; SC0000997
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Catalysts
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2073-4344
Publisher:
MDPI
Research Org:
Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (MSMT) (Czech Republic)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 25 ENERGY STORAGE; non-hydrolytic; sol-gel; non-aqueous; metal oxides; porosity
OSTI Identifier:
1429076

Styskalik, Ales, Skoda, David, Barnes, Craig, and Pinkas, Jiri. The Power of Non-Hydrolytic Sol-Gel Chemistry: A Review. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.3390/catal7060168.
Styskalik, Ales, Skoda, David, Barnes, Craig, & Pinkas, Jiri. The Power of Non-Hydrolytic Sol-Gel Chemistry: A Review. United States. doi:10.3390/catal7060168.
Styskalik, Ales, Skoda, David, Barnes, Craig, and Pinkas, Jiri. 2017. "The Power of Non-Hydrolytic Sol-Gel Chemistry: A Review". United States. doi:10.3390/catal7060168. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1429076.
@article{osti_1429076,
title = {The Power of Non-Hydrolytic Sol-Gel Chemistry: A Review},
author = {Styskalik, Ales and Skoda, David and Barnes, Craig and Pinkas, Jiri},
abstractNote = {This review is devoted to non-hydrolytic sol-gel chemistry. During the last 25 years, non-hydrolytic sol-gel (NHSG) techniques were found to be attractive and versatile methods for the preparation of oxide materials. Compared to conventional hydrolytic approaches, the NHSG route allows reaction control at the atomic scale resulting in homogeneous and well defined products. Due to these features and the ability to design specific materials, the products of NHSG reactions have been used in many fields of application. The aim of this review therefore is to present an overview of NHSG research in recent years with an emphasis on the syntheses of mixed oxides, silicates and phosphates. The first part of the review highlights well known condensation reactions with some deeper insights into their mechanism and also presents novel condensation reactions established in NHSG chemistry in recent years. In the second section we discuss porosity control and novel compositions of selected materials. In the last part, the applications of NHSG derived materials as heterogeneous catalysts and supports, luminescent materials and electrode materials in Li-ion batteries are described.},
doi = {10.3390/catal7060168},
journal = {Catalysts},
number = 6,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {5}
}

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