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Title: Increasing the revenue from lignocellulosic biomass: Maximizing feedstock utilization

The production of renewable chemicals and biofuels must be cost- and performance- competitive with petroleum-derived equivalents to be widely accepted by markets and society. We propose a biomass conversion strategy that maximizes the conversion of lignocellulosic biomass (up to 80% of the biomass to useful products) into high-value products that can be commercialized, providing the opportunity for successful translation to an economically viable commercial process. Our fractionation method preserves the value of all three primary components: (i) cellulose, which is converted into dissolving pulp for fibers and chemicals production; (ii) hemicellulose, which is converted into furfural (a building block chemical); and (iii) lignin, which is converted into carbon products (carbon foam, fibers, or battery anodes), together producing revenues of more than $500 per dry metric ton of biomass. Once de-risked, our technology can be extended to produce other renewable chemicals and biofuels.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ORCiD logo [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [5] ;  [5] ;  [4] ;  [4] ; ORCiD logo [6] ;  [7] ; ORCiD logo [5] ; ORCiD logo [5] ; ORCiD logo [4] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States). Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering; Glucan Biorenewables LLC, Madison, WI (United States)
  2. Glucan Biorenewables LLC, Madison, WI (United States)
  3. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States). Department of Biological Systems Engineering; Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, Madison, WI (United States)
  4. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States). Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering; Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, Madison, WI (United States)
  5. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Center for Renewable Carbon
  6. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States). Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering
  7. Forest Products Laboratory, U.S. Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Madison, WI (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
FC02-07ER64494
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Science Advances
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 3; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2375-2548
Publisher:
AAAS
Research Org:
Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; 59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
OSTI Identifier:
1427598

Alonso, David Martin, Hakim, Sikander H., Zhou, Shengfei, Won, Wangyun, Hosseinaei, Omid, Tao, Jingming, Garcia-Negron, Valerie, Motagamwala, Ali Hussain, Mellmer, Max A., Huang, Kefeng, Houtman, Carl J., Labbe, Nicole, Harper, David P., Maravelias, Christos, Runge, Troy, and Dumesic, James A.. Increasing the revenue from lignocellulosic biomass: Maximizing feedstock utilization. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1126/sciadv.1603301.
Alonso, David Martin, Hakim, Sikander H., Zhou, Shengfei, Won, Wangyun, Hosseinaei, Omid, Tao, Jingming, Garcia-Negron, Valerie, Motagamwala, Ali Hussain, Mellmer, Max A., Huang, Kefeng, Houtman, Carl J., Labbe, Nicole, Harper, David P., Maravelias, Christos, Runge, Troy, & Dumesic, James A.. Increasing the revenue from lignocellulosic biomass: Maximizing feedstock utilization. United States. doi:10.1126/sciadv.1603301.
Alonso, David Martin, Hakim, Sikander H., Zhou, Shengfei, Won, Wangyun, Hosseinaei, Omid, Tao, Jingming, Garcia-Negron, Valerie, Motagamwala, Ali Hussain, Mellmer, Max A., Huang, Kefeng, Houtman, Carl J., Labbe, Nicole, Harper, David P., Maravelias, Christos, Runge, Troy, and Dumesic, James A.. 2017. "Increasing the revenue from lignocellulosic biomass: Maximizing feedstock utilization". United States. doi:10.1126/sciadv.1603301. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1427598.
@article{osti_1427598,
title = {Increasing the revenue from lignocellulosic biomass: Maximizing feedstock utilization},
author = {Alonso, David Martin and Hakim, Sikander H. and Zhou, Shengfei and Won, Wangyun and Hosseinaei, Omid and Tao, Jingming and Garcia-Negron, Valerie and Motagamwala, Ali Hussain and Mellmer, Max A. and Huang, Kefeng and Houtman, Carl J. and Labbe, Nicole and Harper, David P. and Maravelias, Christos and Runge, Troy and Dumesic, James A.},
abstractNote = {The production of renewable chemicals and biofuels must be cost- and performance- competitive with petroleum-derived equivalents to be widely accepted by markets and society. We propose a biomass conversion strategy that maximizes the conversion of lignocellulosic biomass (up to 80% of the biomass to useful products) into high-value products that can be commercialized, providing the opportunity for successful translation to an economically viable commercial process. Our fractionation method preserves the value of all three primary components: (i) cellulose, which is converted into dissolving pulp for fibers and chemicals production; (ii) hemicellulose, which is converted into furfural (a building block chemical); and (iii) lignin, which is converted into carbon products (carbon foam, fibers, or battery anodes), together producing revenues of more than $500 per dry metric ton of biomass. Once de-risked, our technology can be extended to produce other renewable chemicals and biofuels.},
doi = {10.1126/sciadv.1603301},
journal = {Science Advances},
number = 5,
volume = 3,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {5}
}

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