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Title: Thorium Copper Phosphides: More Diverse Metal-Phosphorus and Phosphorus-Phosphorus Interactions than U analogues

To explore the chemical analogy between thorium and heavier actinides in soft anionic environments, three new thorium phosphides (ThCuP 2, beta-ThCu 2P 2, and ThCu 5P 3) have been prepared through solid-state reactions using CuI as a reaction promoter. The structure of ThCuP 2 can be described as a filled UTe 2-type with both dimeric P 2 4- and monomeric P 3- anions, in which Th is coordinated by eight P atoms in a bicapped trigonal prismatic arrangement and Cu is tetrahedrally coordinated by four P atoms. β-ThCu 2P 2 contains only P 3- anions and is isostructural with BaCu 2S 2. In this structure, Th is coordinated by seven P atoms in monocapped trigonal prismatic geometry and Cu is tetrahedrally coordinated by four P atoms. ThCu 5P 3 adopts the YCo 5P 3-type structure consisting of P 3- anions. This structure contains Th atoms coordinated by six P atoms in a trigonal prismatic arrangement and Cu atoms that are either tetrahedrally coordinated by four P atoms or square pyramidally coordinated by five P atoms. Electric resistivity measurements and electronic structure calculations on β-ThCu 2P 2 indicate a metal. These new compounds may be charge-balanced and formulated as Th 4+Cumore » +(P 2 4-) 1/2P 3-, Th 4+(Cu +) 2(P 3-) 2, and Th 4+(Cu +) 5(P 3-) 3, respectively. The structural, bonding, and property relationships between these Th compounds and related actinide and rare-earth phases are discussed. In conclusion, titled compounds display more diverse ion-ion interactions and different electronic structures from those in UCuP 2 and UCu 2P 2 that were synthesized under similar experimental conditions, suggesting divergence of thorium-phosphide chemistry from uranium-phosphide chemistry.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division; Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Dalton Transactions
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 46; Journal ID: ISSN 1477-9226
Royal Society of Chemistry
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Science Foundation (NSF)
Contributing Orgs:
Northwestern University - International Institute for Nanotechnology (IIN)
Country of Publication:
United States
OSTI Identifier: