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Title: CFD simulations of Rapid Compression Machines using detailed chemistry: Evaluation of the ‘crevice containment’ concept

Abstract

The use of creviced pistons in Rapid Compression Machines (RCMs) has proven to be very effcient in making the temperature homogeneous inside the reaction chamber but has the disadvantage of inducing a mass transfer from the reaction chamber to the crevice, especially during the preliminary heat release of two- stage ignition processes. Aiming to mitigate this mass transfer, the technique of `crevice containment' (CC) has been proposed. It consists of a physical separa- tion between the reaction chamber and the crevice region that is engaged at the end of the compression, physically preventing any mass transfer between both parts of the geometry. In order to numerically assess this novel design concept across a broader range of conditions than previously investigated, reactive simu- lations using detailed chemical kinetic mechanisms are performed for n-heptane and iso-octane. For compressed temperatures outside of the NTC (negative temperature coeffcient) region, the CC approach is very effective in suppress- ing the influence of the crevice mass transfer and thus increases the validity of the widely-used 0-D model based on the adiabatic core assumption. Still, for most of the temperature cases inside the NTC region, the ignition appears to be precipitately initiated in the residual vortex regionmore » formed after the seal engagement, possibly inducing very significant differences with the 0-D model. The benefits of eliminating the post-compression crevice mass transfer appear to be counter-balanced by effects that have not been previously investigated in detail.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4]
  1. Univ. Catholique de Louvain-la-Nueve (Belgium); Vrije Univ., Brussels (Belgium)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  3. Univ. Catholique de Louvain-la-Nueve (Belgium)
  4. Vrije Univ., Brussels (Belgium)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) - Office of Vehicle Technology
OSTI Identifier:
1427469
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Combustion and Flame
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 189; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0010-2180
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; RANS simulation; Rapid Compression Machine; crevice containment; detailed chemistry; iso-octane; n-heptane

Citation Formats

Bourgeois, Nicolas, Goldsborough, S. Scott, Jeanmart, Herve, and Contino, Francesco. CFD simulations of Rapid Compression Machines using detailed chemistry: Evaluation of the ‘crevice containment’ concept. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.combustflame.2017.10.033.
Bourgeois, Nicolas, Goldsborough, S. Scott, Jeanmart, Herve, & Contino, Francesco. CFD simulations of Rapid Compression Machines using detailed chemistry: Evaluation of the ‘crevice containment’ concept. United States. doi:10.1016/j.combustflame.2017.10.033.
Bourgeois, Nicolas, Goldsborough, S. Scott, Jeanmart, Herve, and Contino, Francesco. Wed . "CFD simulations of Rapid Compression Machines using detailed chemistry: Evaluation of the ‘crevice containment’ concept". United States. doi:10.1016/j.combustflame.2017.10.033. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1427469.
@article{osti_1427469,
title = {CFD simulations of Rapid Compression Machines using detailed chemistry: Evaluation of the ‘crevice containment’ concept},
author = {Bourgeois, Nicolas and Goldsborough, S. Scott and Jeanmart, Herve and Contino, Francesco},
abstractNote = {The use of creviced pistons in Rapid Compression Machines (RCMs) has proven to be very effcient in making the temperature homogeneous inside the reaction chamber but has the disadvantage of inducing a mass transfer from the reaction chamber to the crevice, especially during the preliminary heat release of two- stage ignition processes. Aiming to mitigate this mass transfer, the technique of `crevice containment' (CC) has been proposed. It consists of a physical separa- tion between the reaction chamber and the crevice region that is engaged at the end of the compression, physically preventing any mass transfer between both parts of the geometry. In order to numerically assess this novel design concept across a broader range of conditions than previously investigated, reactive simu- lations using detailed chemical kinetic mechanisms are performed for n-heptane and iso-octane. For compressed temperatures outside of the NTC (negative temperature coeffcient) region, the CC approach is very effective in suppress- ing the influence of the crevice mass transfer and thus increases the validity of the widely-used 0-D model based on the adiabatic core assumption. Still, for most of the temperature cases inside the NTC region, the ignition appears to be precipitately initiated in the residual vortex region formed after the seal engagement, possibly inducing very significant differences with the 0-D model. The benefits of eliminating the post-compression crevice mass transfer appear to be counter-balanced by effects that have not been previously investigated in detail.},
doi = {10.1016/j.combustflame.2017.10.033},
journal = {Combustion and Flame},
number = C,
volume = 189,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {1}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Figures / Tables:

Table 1 Table 1: iso-octane cases. Initial conditions are similar for experiments and simulations; only the end pressures of the simulations are given as the differences with the experimental ones are minor. The compositions of the diluents are expressed as molar fractions. The compression time for those cases is 21.7 ms andmore » the equivalence ratio φ = 1.0.« less

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