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Title: Optimization of a high-yield, low-areal-density fusion product source at the National Ignition Facility with applications in nucleosynthesis experiments

Polar-direct-drive exploding pushers are used as a high-yield, low-areal-density fusion product source at the National Ignition Facility with applications including diagnostic calibration, nuclear security, backlighting, electron-ion equilibration, and nucleosynthesis-relevant experiments. In this paper, two different paths to improving the performance of this platform are explored: (i) optimizing the laser drive, and (ii) optimizing the target. While the present study is specifically geared towards nucleosynthesis experiments, the results are generally applicable. Example data from T 2/ 3He-gas-filled implosions with trace deuterium are used to show that yield and ion temperature (Tion) from 1.6 mm-outer-diameter thin-glass-shell capsule implosions are improved at a set laser energy by switching from a ramped to a square laser pulse shape, and that increased laser energy further improves yield and Tion, although by factors lower than predicted by 1 D simulations. Using data from D2-3He-gas-filled implosions, yield at a set Tion is experimentally verified to increase with capsule size. Uniform D-3He-proton spectra from 3 mm-outer-diameter CH shell implosions demonstrate the utility of this platform for studying charged-particle-producing reactions relevant to stellar nucleosynthesis.
Authors:
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  1. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  3. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  4. Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN (United States). Dept. of Physics
  5. Ohio Univ., Athens, OH (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
  6. Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States). Lab. for Laser Energetics
  7. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
  8. AWE plc, Aldermaston, Reading (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-742103
Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Grant/Contract Number:
NA0002949; FG02-88ER40387; NA-0001808; NA0001857; NA0002905; AC52-07NA27344
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 25; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY
OSTI Identifier:
1427024
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1425248; OSTI ID: 1458697