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Title: A Bird’s Eye View: Development of an Operational ARM Unmanned Aerial Capability for Atmospheric Research in Arctic Alaska

Here, we present that unmanned aerial capabilities offer exciting new perspectives on the Arctic atmosphere and the US Department of Energy is working with partners to offer such perspectives to the research community. Thorough understanding of aerosols, clouds, boundary layer structure and radiation is required to improve representation of the Arctic atmosphere in weather forecasting and climate models. To develop such understanding, new perspectives are needed to provide details on the vertical structure and spatial variability of key atmospheric properties, along with information over difficult-to-reach surfaces such as newly-forming sea ice. Over the last three years, the US Department of Energy (DOE) has supported various flight campaigns using unmanned aircraft systems (UAS, also known as UAVs and drones) and tethered balloon systems (TBS) at Oliktok Point, Alaska. These activities have featured in-situ measurements of thermodynamic state, turbulence, radiation, aerosol properties, cloud microphysics and turbulent fluxes to provide a detailed characterization of the lower atmosphere. Alongside a suite of active and passive ground-based sensors and radiosondes deployed by the DOE Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program through the third ARM Mobile Facility (AMF-3), these flight activities demonstrate the ability of such platforms to provide critically-needed information. In addition to providing new andmore » unique datasets, lessons learned during initial campaigns have assisted toward the development of an exciting new community resource.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [5] ;  [1] ;  [6] ;  [1] ;  [7] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [5] ;  [1] ;  [1] more »;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [5] ;  [3] « less
  1. Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States); National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Boulder, CO (United States). Earth System Research Lab.
  2. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  3. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  4. Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States)
  5. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Boulder, CO (United States). Earth System Research Lab.
  6. National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States)
  7. University of Leeds (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
SAND-2018-2488J
Journal ID: ISSN 0003-0007; 661256
Grant/Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000; SC0011459; SC0013306; SC0014568
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 99; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 0003-0007
Publisher:
American Meteorological Society
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
OSTI Identifier:
1426815