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Title: Characterization of an active metasurface using terahertz ellipsometry

Switchable metasurfaces fabricated on a doped epi-layer have become an important platform for developing techniques to control terahertz (THz) radiation, as a DC bias can modulate the transmission characteristics of the metasurface. To model and understand this performance in new device configurations accurately, a quantitative understanding of the bias-dependent surface characteristics is required. In this work, we perform THz variable angle spectroscopic ellipsometry on a switchable metasurface as a function of DC bias. By comparing these data with numerical simulations, we extract a model for the response of the metasurface at any bias value. Using this model, we predict a giant bias-induced phase modulation in a guided wave configuration. Lastly, these predictions are in qualitative agreement with our measurements, offering a route to efficient modulation of THz signals.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ORCiD logo [2] ; ORCiD logo [3] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Brown Univ., Providence, RI (United States). School of Engineering
  2. U.S. Army AMRDEC, Redstone Arsenal, Huntsville, AL (United States)
  3. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States). Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies (CINT)
  4. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States). Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
SAND-2018-2215J
Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951; 661067; TRN: US1802712
Grant/Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000; NA0003525; AC52-06NA25396
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Physics Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 111; Journal Issue: 19; Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 42 ENGINEERING; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS
OSTI Identifier:
1426809
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1407432

Karl, Nicholas, Heimbeck, Martin S., Everitt, Henry O., Chen, Hou-Tong, Taylor, Antoinette J., Brener, Igal, Benz, Alexander, Reno, John L., Mendis, Rajind, and Mittleman, Daniel M.. Characterization of an active metasurface using terahertz ellipsometry. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1063/1.5004194.
Karl, Nicholas, Heimbeck, Martin S., Everitt, Henry O., Chen, Hou-Tong, Taylor, Antoinette J., Brener, Igal, Benz, Alexander, Reno, John L., Mendis, Rajind, & Mittleman, Daniel M.. Characterization of an active metasurface using terahertz ellipsometry. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5004194.
Karl, Nicholas, Heimbeck, Martin S., Everitt, Henry O., Chen, Hou-Tong, Taylor, Antoinette J., Brener, Igal, Benz, Alexander, Reno, John L., Mendis, Rajind, and Mittleman, Daniel M.. 2017. "Characterization of an active metasurface using terahertz ellipsometry". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5004194. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1426809.
@article{osti_1426809,
title = {Characterization of an active metasurface using terahertz ellipsometry},
author = {Karl, Nicholas and Heimbeck, Martin S. and Everitt, Henry O. and Chen, Hou-Tong and Taylor, Antoinette J. and Brener, Igal and Benz, Alexander and Reno, John L. and Mendis, Rajind and Mittleman, Daniel M.},
abstractNote = {Switchable metasurfaces fabricated on a doped epi-layer have become an important platform for developing techniques to control terahertz (THz) radiation, as a DC bias can modulate the transmission characteristics of the metasurface. To model and understand this performance in new device configurations accurately, a quantitative understanding of the bias-dependent surface characteristics is required. In this work, we perform THz variable angle spectroscopic ellipsometry on a switchable metasurface as a function of DC bias. By comparing these data with numerical simulations, we extract a model for the response of the metasurface at any bias value. Using this model, we predict a giant bias-induced phase modulation in a guided wave configuration. Lastly, these predictions are in qualitative agreement with our measurements, offering a route to efficient modulation of THz signals.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5004194},
journal = {Applied Physics Letters},
number = 19,
volume = 111,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}

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